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A History of the Electron

This book presents the intellectual biographies of the father-and-son physicists, shedding new light on their combined understanding of the nature of electrons and, by extension, of the continuous nature of matter.

Author : Jaume Navarro

Release : 2012-09-06

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 1139576712

File Size : 71.40 MB

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Two landmarks in the history of physics are the discovery of the particulate nature of cathode rays (the electron) by J. J. Thomson in 1897 and the experimental demonstration by his son G. P. Thomson in 1927 that the electron exhibits the properties of a wave. Together, the Thomsons are two of the most significant figures in modern physics, both winning Nobel prizes for their work. This book presents the intellectual biographies of the father-and-son physicists, shedding new light on their combined understanding of the nature of electrons and, by extension, of the continuous nature of matter. It is the first text to explore J. J. Thomson's early and later work, as well as the role he played in G. P. Thomson's education as a physicist and how he reacted to his son's discovery of electron diffraction. This fresh perspective will interest academics and graduate students working in the history of early twentieth-century physics.

Histories of the Electron

A biography of the electron and a history of the microphysical world that it opened up.

Author : Jed Z. Buchwald

Release : 2004-01-30

Publisher : MIT Press

ISBN : 9780262524247

File Size : 21.16 MB

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A biography of the electron and a history of the microphysical world that it opened up.

Flash of the Cathode Rays

Scholarly yet accessible to those with basic physics knowledge, this book should be of interest to historians of science, professional scientists and engineers, teachers and students of physics, and general readers interested in the ...

Author : Per F Dahl

Release : 1997-01-01

Publisher : CRC Press

ISBN : 9780750304535

File Size : 21.87 MB

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The electron is fundamental to almost all aspects of modern life, controlling the behavior of atoms and how they bind together to form gases, liquids, and solids. Flash of the Cathode Rays: A History of J.J. Thomson's Electron presents the compelling story of the discovery of the electron and its role as the first subatomic particle in nature. The book traces the evolution of the concept of electrical charge, from the earliest glow discharge studies to the final cathode ray and oil drop experiments of J.J. Thomson and Robert Millikan. It also provides an overview of the history of modern physics up to the advent of the old quantum theory around 1920. Consolidating scholarly material while incorporating new material discovered by the well-respected author, the book covers the continental and English race for the source of the cathode rays, culminating in Thomson's corpuscle in 1897. It explores the events leading to Millikan's unambiguous isolation of the electron and the simultaneous circumstances surrounding the birth of Ernest Rutherford's nuclear atom and the discovery of radioactivity in 1896. The author also focuses on the controversies over N-rays, Becquerel's positive electron, and the famous Ehrenhaft-Millikan dispute over subelectrons. Scholarly yet accessible to those with basic physics knowledge, this book should be of interest to historians of science, professional scientists and engineers, teachers and students of physics, and general readers interested in the development of modern physics.

History of Electron Tubes

Almost 90 years have passed since the invention of the thermionic electron valve in 1904 by Sir John Ambrose Fleming. During this period, the development of electron tubes created the so called Electroni Age.

Author : Sōgo Okamura

Release : 1994

Publisher : IOS Press

ISBN : 9789051991451

File Size : 20.1 MB

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Almost 90 years have passed since the invention of the thermionic electron valve in 1904 by Sir John Ambrose Fleming. During this period, the development of electron tubes created the so called Electroni Age. Electron tubes played the leading role in the electronic equipments until the middle of the 1950s when solid state devices such as transistors and integrated circuits replaced electron tubes in various applications and accelerated the electronic age.

Representing Electrons

As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical approach, he portrays scientific representations as partly autonomous agents with lives of their own.

Author : Theodore Arabatzis

Release : 2006

Publisher : University of Chicago Press

ISBN : 9780226024219

File Size : 72.96 MB

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Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron—or rather its representation—as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical approach, he portrays scientific representations as partly autonomous agents with lives of their own. Furthermore, he argues that the considerable variance in the representation of the electron does not undermine its stable identity or existence. Raising philosophical issues of contentious debate in the history and philosophy of science—namely, scientific realism and meaning change—Arabatzis addresses the history of the electron across disciplines, integrating historical narrative with philosophical analysis in a book that will be a touchstone for historians and philosophers of science and scientists alike.

Conquering the Electron

Conquering the Electron offers these stories and more, presenting each revolutionary technological advance right alongside blow-by-blow personal battles that all too often took place.

Author : Derek Cheung

Release : 2014-09-08

Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN : 1442231548

File Size : 51.17 MB

Format : PDF

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Conquering the Electron offers readers a true and engaging history of the world of electronics, beginning with the discoveries of static electricity and magnetism and ending with the creation of the smartphone and the iPad. This book shows the interconnection of each advance to the next on the long journey to our modern-day technologies. Exploring the combination of genius, infighting, and luck that powered the creation of today's electronic age, Conquering the Electron debunks the hero worship so often plaguing the stories of great advances. Want to know how AT&T’s Bell Labs developed semiconductor technology—and how its leading scientists almost came to blows in the process? Want to understand how radio and television work—and why RCA drove their inventors to financial ruin and early graves? Conquering the Electron offers these stories and more, presenting each revolutionary technological advance right alongside blow-by-blow personal battles that all too often took place.

A History of the Universe As Told by Edward the Electron

Tom Mahon. A History of the Universe... Hy f'.'r1'wan'!. the nfdrst electron Hnrrr rrrr
was .-9,} Torr: Mhcm D 20! 1, Thulrul Illihun A History of the Universe By Edward,
the oldest Electron.

Author : Tom Mahon

Release : 2010-11-21

Publisher : Tom Mahon

ISBN : 098372413X

File Size : 32.65 MB

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A History of the Universe, as told by Edward,the oldest Electron there ever was, to Tom Mahon who vouches for the veracity, audacity, and perspicacity of this narration.& ;& ;A whimsical account of the history of the cosmos and life on Eath, based on the discoveries of the physical and life sciences in the last century.

A Personal History of CESR and CLEO

This invaluable book is a historical account of the Cornell Electron Storage Ring and its main detector facility, CLEO, from their beginnings in the late 1970's until the end of data collection at particle energies above the threshold for B ...

Author : Karl Berkelman

Release : 2004-01

Publisher : World Scientific

ISBN : 9812386971

File Size : 73.1 MB

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This invaluable book is a historical account of the Cornell Electron Storage Ring and its main detector facility, CLEO, from their beginnings in the late 1970's until the end of data collection at particle energies above the threshold for B meson production in June 2001. The CESR electron-positron collider was the culmination of a series of electron accelerators constructed at the Cornell Laboratory of Nuclear Studies, starting in 1945. Measurement of the products of the e+e- collisions was performed with the multipurpose CLEO apparatus, built and operated by the CLEO collaboration, which consisted of about 200 faculty, staff and graduate students from over 20 universities. This account is based mainly on the author's recollections as a participant.

Introduction to Electron Holography

Experienced and novice holographers receive a solid foundation in the theory and practice of holography, the next generation of imaging technology, in this superb text.

Author : Edgar Völkl

Release : 1999

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9780306449208

File Size : 60.76 MB

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Experienced and novice holographers receive a solid foundation in the theory and practice of holography, the next generation of imaging technology, in this superb text. The book's `how to' aspects enable readers to learn hologram acquisition at the microscope and processing of holograms at the computer as well as digital imaging techniques. A complete bibliography on electron holography and applications of the method to problems in materials science, physics and the life sciences round out the volume's coverage.

History of Electron Microscopy in Switzerland

The Instrumental Contribution of Switzerland to the Development of Electron
Microscopy a Historical Review Werner Villiger1 (1) Biozentrum, University Basel
, Switzerland The Transmission Electron Microscope The development of the
Swiss ...

Author : GÜNTER

Release : 2012-12-06

Publisher : Birkhäuser

ISBN : 3034872038

File Size : 83.23 MB

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I. Instrumentation.- The Instrumental Contribution of Switzerland to the Development of Electron Microscopy; A Historical Review.- The Swiss STEM Project.- II. The Pioneers.- The Beginning of Electron Microscopy in Zürich.- Chemical Electron Microscopy in Berne.- Early Times of Electron Microscopy in Geneva (1944-1964).- The 'Bernese Connection' of Early Pioneers in Biological Electron Microscopy.- III. Materials Science.- Electron Microscopy at the Batteile Laboratories in Geneva.- IV. Biology and Medicine.- The Contribution of Switzerland to the Development of Embedding Methods in Cytology.-

A Personal History of CESR and CLEO

I have attempted in this book to present a historical account of the Cornell
Electron Storage Ring and its main detector facility CLEO from their beginnings in
the late 1970s until the end of data collection at particle energies above the
threshold ...

Author : Karl Berkelman

Release : 2004-01-20

Publisher : World Scientific

ISBN : 9814483591

File Size : 20.97 MB

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' This invaluable book is a historical account of the Cornell Electron Storage Ring and its main detector facility, CLEO, from their beginnings in the late 1970's until the end of data collection at particle energies above the threshold for B meson production in June 2001. The CESR electron-positron collider was the culmination of a series of electron accelerators constructed at the Cornell Laboratory of Nuclear Studies, starting in 1945. Measurement of the products of the e+e- collisions was performed with the multipurpose CLEO apparatus, built and operated by the CLEO collaboration, which consisted of about 200 faculty, staff and graduate students from over 20 universities. This account is based mainly on the author's recollections as a participant. Contents:The Rise of AcceleratorsSynchrotrons and More Synchrotrons, up to 1975Approval and Construction, 1977–1979First Data, 1979–1980The CESR-II Blind Alley, 1980–1983The CLEO-1 Years, 1981–1988Improving CESR, 1981–1988The CLEO-2 Years, 1989–1995CESR and CLEO Phase II Upgrade, 1990–1995Building CLEO-3, 1996–2000Phase III CESR Upgrade, 1996–2001A New Director and a New Direction, 2000-…and other papers Readership: Graduate students, academics and researchers in experimental high energy physics. Keywords:History;Accelerator;Collider;Elementary Particles;High-Energy Physics;Cornell;CESR;CLEOReviews: “The story of how Cornell survived and prospered as similar laboratories foundered is a fascinating one … Berkelman has a straightforward and clear style, and there are several interesting and enlightening illustrations … physicists who either know and/or love the Cornell that is the real hero of this book, or who wish to discover the reasons behind its remarkable and in many ways unique success, will find much food for thought in this interesting and valuable exposition.” CERN Courier “High-energy physicists will learn much from this fascinating narrative.” American Scientist “Karl Berkelman has provided a wealth of fascinating information on the scientific, technical, financial and human aspects of this world-class but cost-effective endeavour, backed up by appendices containing detailed lists of the institutions and people involved and the resulting 300 publications. The book is well worth reading by anyone interested in how particle physics is actually done.” Contemporary Physics '

Light and Electron Microscopy

This book describes the principles of operation of each type of microscope currently available and of use to biomedical and materials scientists explains the mechanisms of image formation (contrast and its enhancement) accounts for ultimate ...

Author : Elizabeth M. Slayter

Release : 1992-10-30

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 9780521339483

File Size : 59.57 MB

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Optical and electron microscopes are often used effectively despite little knowledge of the relevant theory or even of how a particular type of microscope functions. Eventually however proper use interpretation of images and choices of specific applications demand an understanding of fundamental principles. This book describes the principles of operation of each type of microscope currently available and of use to biomedical and materials scientists explains the mechanisms of image formation (contrast and its enhancement) accounts for ultimate limits on the size of observable details (resolving power and resolution) and finally provides an account of Fourier optical theory. Principles behind the photographic methods used in microscopy are described and there is some discussion of image processing methods. Throughout the text emphasises the underlying similarity of all microscope systems and recognising that biologists may often be uncomfortable with mathematical approaches every effort has been made to present concepts verbally. Where mathematical treatment is indispensible the nature of its contribution is made explicit.

Beyond the Electron

Originally published in 1928, this book discusses, debates and deliberates the many discoveries of modern physics.

Author :

Release :

Publisher :

ISBN : 1316626148

File Size : 76.74 MB

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In-situ Electron Microscopy at High Resolution

The historical background, the achievements, and modern techniques of in-situ
electron microscopy are briefly reviewed, and the limitations of the technique as
well as the prospects for future developments are discussed. 1. Definition and ...

Author : Florian Banhart

Release : 2008

Publisher : World Scientific

ISBN : 9812797343

File Size : 79.21 MB

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In-situ high-resolution electron microscopy is a modern and powerful technique in materials research, physics, and chemistry. In-situ techniques are hardly treated in textbooks of electron microscopy. Thus, there is a need to collect the present knowledge about the techniques and achievements of in-situ electron microscopy in one book. Since high-resolution electron microscopes are available in most modern laboratories of materials science, more and more scientists or students are starting to work on this subject.In this comprehensive volume, the most important techniques and achievements of in-situ high-resolution electron microscopy will be reviewed by renowned experts. Applications in several fields of materials science will also be demonstrated.

The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy

And in 1967, at a special session during the IEEE Ninth Annual Symposium on
Electron, Ion, and Laser Beam Technology in Berkeley, L. L. Marton gave a
special lecture on the “Early History of the Electron Microscope,” which was ...

Author : Peter W. Hawkes

Release : 2013-11-06

Publisher : Academic Press

ISBN : 1483284654

File Size : 52.23 MB

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The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy presents the technical development of electron microscope. This book examines the mechanical as well as the technical problems arising from the physical properties of the electron. Organized into 19 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the history of scanning electron microscopy and electron beam microanalysis. This text then explains the applications and capabilities of electron microscopes during the war. Other chapters consider the classical techniques of light microscopy. This book presents as well the schematic outline of the preparation techniques for investigation of nerve cells by electron microscopy. The final chapter deals with the historical account of the beginnings of electron microscopy in Russia. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, technologists, physicists, electrical engineers, designers, and technicians. Graduate students as well as researcher workers who are interested in the history of electron microscopy will also find this book extremely useful.

Electron Beams and Microwave Vacuum Electronics

The history of radio electronics from the very beginning (late nineteenth to early
twentieth centuries) was to a certain extent a history of the search for sources with
increasing frequencies and electromagnetic radiation power. The first step in the
 ...

Author : Shulim E. Tsimring

Release : 2006-11-10

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 0470053755

File Size : 66.93 MB

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This book focuses on a fundamental feature of vacuum electronics: the strong interaction of the physics of electron beams and vacuum microwave electronics, including millimeter-wave electronics. The author guides readers from the roots of classical vacuum electronics to the most recent achievements in the field. Special attention is devoted to the physics and theory of relativistic beams and microwave devices, as well as the theory and applications of specific devices.

Biological Low-Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy

Electron. Microscope. Dennis McMullan It has been forty years since the
scanning electron microscope (SEM) became a significant ... But first, we must
share a few words about the early history of scanning and its application in
microscopy.

Author : James Pawley

Release : 2007-12-03

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9780387729725

File Size : 69.64 MB

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Major improvements in instrumentation and specimen preparation have brought SEM to the fore as a biological imaging technique. Although this imaging technique has undergone tremendous developments, it is still poorly represented in the literature, limited to journal articles and chapters in books. This comprehensive volume is dedicated to the theory and practical applications of FESEM in biological samples. It provides a comprehensive explanation of instrumentation, applications, and protocols, and is intended to teach the reader how to operate such microscopes to obtain the best quality images.

Electron-Photon Interaction in Dense Media

CHANNELING RADIATION: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE B.L. BERMAN*
Department of Physics The George Washington University Washington, DC
20052 Abstract. An illustrative history of channeling radiation is presented, from
its ...

Author : Helmut Wiedemann

Release : 2002-01-31

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9781402002670

File Size : 25.61 MB

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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Nor-Hamberd, Yerevan, Armenia, June 25-29, 2001