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A New Concept of Self-defense

Author : Gong Chen

Release : 1998

Publisher : Kendall Hunt Publishing Company

ISBN : 9780787243500

File Size : 83.40 MB

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Forensic Psychology

360, italics in original) In contrast, the objective definition of self-defense refers to
the average person, assumed by the ... Thus, Ewing proposed a new concept
the psychological self-defense defense; he wrote: In brief, my position is that ...

Author : Solomon M. Fulero

Release : 2008-04-18

Publisher : Cengage Learning

ISBN : 0495506494

File Size : 22.91 MB

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Written by two of the leading authorities in the field, FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY, Third Edition introduces students to the practice of forensic psychology by showing how psychologists aid the legal system by serving as expert witnesses, criminal profilers, and trial consultants for jury selection and child custody hearings. Wrightsman and Fulero present the roles and responsibilities of forensic psychologists, and address both the opportunities and temptations inherent in those roles. Through this lens, the authors explore the ethical issues facing practicing forensic psychologists, such as promising clients too much, the possibility of becoming advocates rather than objective scientists, and the pitfalls associated with substituting one's values for data. The authors provide students with an accurate and candid picture of the field, and the range of careers in forensic psychology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Right to National Self-Defense

The first such challenge which fails to be dealt with by traditional international
legal norms of Self-defense is the question of a common and homogeneous
terminology. Every new concept inevitably carries along with it the need for new ...

Author : Dimitrios Delibasis

Release : 2007-11-19

Publisher : Arena books

ISBN : 9780955605512

File Size : 34.94 MB

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This ambitious work which took the better part of a decade to produce will be essential reading for all serious defence study students, and of absorbing interest to military professionals and lay people concerned with the future of warfare and all aspects of response to military attack. Its ultimate aim is to demonstrate that the advent of Cyberwarfare has pushed traditional legal thinking regarding the regulation of forcible action beyond traditional boundaries. It attempts to do so by critically analyzing specific characteristics which are inherent to Cyberwarfare such as stealth, speed, untraceability, the availability to State as well as Non-State sponsored agents, their defiance of traditional borders, and an unprecedented potential for destruction, all of which have played a major role in making obsolescent traditional legal norms relied upon for the effective regulation of the use of force. It follows from the above that no defence system can be effectively regulated, especially one as new and unconventional as Information Warfare, unless all its specific aspects are explored as deeply as possible.The best means to achieve such a purpose have been deemed to be through the inclusion as well as the careful analysis of as many real life examples of Information Warfare operations as possible in order to illustrate the special nature of Information Warfare and its various individual features. The examples compiled for inclusion have been selected not on the basis of being the most recent, but on the basis of their factual background being as fully known as possible. Consequently, this book has been constructed around the concept of legality, starting with a section outlining currently existing legal norms of individual self-defense, then applying those norms to Information Warfare Operations including a presentation of existing international legal instruments with provisions applicable to Information Warfare which could serve as additional essential guidelines for a future legal framework specifically crafted to regulate the use of force in cyberspace. Last but not least this book sets a paradigm with regard to Cyberwarfare as well as with other methods of warfare which escape the boundaries of the traditional State monopoly of the use of force.It ultimately shows the extent to which traditional legal thinking, which is shaped around the premise of regulating typical forms of State forcible action, when faced with such methods of warfare is totally obsolete.

International Law

Uncertainties over the scope of the right of self-defense are compounded by
difficulties concerning an objective ... If other, especially major, states agreed with
the us new concept of self-defense, this would practically be tantamount to a ...

Author : Boleslaw Adam Boczek

Release : 2005

Publisher : Scarecrow Press

ISBN : 9780810850781

File Size : 48.15 MB

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International Law: A Dictionary is a pathbreaking study of the development of international law from the earliest times to the present for students, scholars, legal professionals, and other interested readers. Combining the features of a brief encyclopedic dictionary and a textbook, readers are acquainted with the basic tenets of public international law. Preceding the main text are a list of acronyms and abbreviations, a glossary of Latin phrases, a chronology of major developments, a table of cases with references to entries and a list of the 373 entries. Numerous cross-references lead the reader to relevant entries, and the abundant references to primary sources, mostly treaties and court cases, enable the reader to locate research materials. The selected bibliography includes books, research aids, textbooks, and casebooks as well as recent books on special international law topics.

International Law and the Use of Force

This may seem surprising, given that the theory of collective self-defence has
been controversial since the debate over its ... arrangements.16 There has
subsequently been controversy as to whether collective self-defence was a new
concept ...

Author : Christine D. Gray

Release : 2008

Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN : 0199239142

File Size : 33.44 MB

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This fully revised and updated second edition of International Law and the Use of Force explores the whole of the large and controversial subject of the use of force in international law- not only the use of force by states but also the role of the UN in peacekeeping and enforcement action, and the growing importance of regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security.

The Right of Individual Self-Defense in Public International Law

to particular State.372 In this respect Judge Kooijmans pronounced that 'this new
element, the legal implications of which cannot as yet be assessed but which
marks undeniably a new approach to the concept of self-defense'. 373 No doubt
in ...

Author : Jan Kittrich

Release : 2008

Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN : 3832519556

File Size : 77.37 MB

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The book examines in detail one of the most controversial topic in current international law, namely the scope and extent of the right of individual self-defense. The book carefully traces the paths which have been followed in the developing legal debate on self-defense. The author uses numerous case-studies of incidents involving the use of force in alleged self-defense (such as the Entebbe Incident 1976, the Nicaragua Case 1986 or the Israeli-Lebanese conflict of 2006) which have formed the central point of scholarly debate. The author's conclusions are based not only on thorough analysis of academic discussions but also of the practice of States and international bodies, especially of the United Nations Organization. At the outset of the book the author reviews the historical context and the customary evolution of the right of self-defense. Reference is made to the famous Caroline Case of 1837, which set the necessary conditions of lawful exercise of self-defense. Next, the author examines the concept and legal nature of self-defense, carefully assessing the customary conditions of necessity, proportionality and immediacy derived from the Caroline Case. As the occurrence of an "armed attack" is a conditio sine qua non of lawful invocation of self-defense, several modalities of an armed attack are attentively evaluated such as its constituent elements, beginning or scale. The author explores, whether reactions to acts of international terrorism committed by a non-State may be based on the right of self-defense. In times of global terrorist networks it is highly desirable to attach special attention to use of force in self-defense as a remedy against serious acts of terrorism. Thorough analysis of State practice is shown on several examples from recent history - the U.S. air raid on Libya in 1986 and on Baghdad in 1993 and relatively recent air strikes on Sudan and Afghanistan in 1998. Reference is also made to the most striking example - the Al-Qaeda attack on the United States in 2001. The validity of claims of anticipatory/preventive self-defense is examined on a theoretical level and then applied to the specific details of the Israeli air strike on the Osiraq Nuclear Reactor in 1981. The two main approaches to preventive self-defense - "restrictive" and "traditional" - are then discussed in detail. Brief analysis is also devoted to the nature of the so-called - pre-emptive - self-defense indicating its current position under international law.

Self-defence in International Law

"Throughout the work there is a refusal to dogmatize or to state in absolute terms any aspect of the 'privilege' of self-defence in its present context. (...) [Bowett] is to be congratulated on producing a timely and scholarly survey of one ...

Author : D. W. Bowett

Release : 2009

Publisher : The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN : 1584778555

File Size : 75.31 MB

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Bowett, D.W.Self-Defence in International Law. New York: Praeger, [1958]. xv, 294 pp. Reprinted 2009 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1-58477-855-4. ISBN-10: 1-58477-855-5. Cloth. $95.* Bowett observes that the use or threat of force by any state can be a delict, an approved sanction, or a measure taken in self-defense. He examines the evolution of the doctrine in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with the assumption of the existence of a state's unlimited 'right' to go to war. He then attempts to outline the limited and provisional effects of this right under the U.N. Charter. "Throughout the work there is a refusal to dogmatize or to state in absolute terms any aspect of the 'privilege' of self-defence in its present context. (...) [Bowett] is to be congratulated on producing a timely and scholarly survey of one of the most fundamental, and often abused, sovereign rights known to international law.": K.R. Simmonds, British Year Book of International Law 34 (1958) 432.

Anticipatory Action in Self-Defence

In particular, the question whether the use of force in anticipation of armed action
by the other party is permissible as falling within the concept of self-defence is
hotly disputed. Some courage therefore is needed to entertain a new analysis of
 ...

Author : Kinga Tibori Szabó

Release : 2011-08-22

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9789067047968

File Size : 73.1 MB

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The legality of preemptive strikes is one of the most controversial questions of contemporary international law. At the core of this controversy stands the temporal dimension of self-defence: when and for how long can a state defend itself against an armed attack? Can it resort to armed force before such an attack occurs? Is anticipatory action covered by the rules of self-defence or should it be treated as a different concept? This book examines whether anticipatory action in self-defence is part of customary international law and, if so, under what conditions. The pre-Charter concept of anticipatory action is demarcated and then assessed against post-Charter state practice. Several instances of self-defence – both anticipatory and remedial – are examined to elucidate the rules governing the temporal dimension of the right. The Six-Day War (1967), the Israeli bombing of an Iraqi reactor (1981), the US invasion of Iraq (2003) and other instances of state practice are given thorough attention.

Ecce Homo

In fact, a completely new kind of freethinking came about as a result: to this day
nothing is more alien and unrelated to me ... a new concept of self-discipline, self-
defense to the point of hardness, a path to greatness and to world-historical tasks
 ...

Author : Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Release : 2004

Publisher : Algora Publishing

ISBN : 0875862837

File Size : 42.95 MB

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For some, the question remains: Why Nietzsche? Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) was quite simply one of the most original and influential philosophers who ever lived; in addition, his writing style was brilliant, epigrammatic, idiosyncratic [It is my ambi

The Creators

Rousseau's Confessions was written in self-defense against an imaginary
conspiracy. A by-product of this self-defense was a new concept of literature, in
which the subject was the author. How Rousseau transformed himself into such a
 ...

Author : Daniel J. Boorstin

Release : 2012-04-11

Publisher : Vintage

ISBN : 0307817210

File Size : 69.31 MB

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By piecing the lives of selected individuals into a grand mosaic, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Daniel J. Boorstin explores the development of artistic innovation over 3,000 years. A hugely ambitious chronicle of the arts that Boorstin delivers with the scope that made his Discoverers a national bestseller. Even as he tells the stories of such individual creators as Homer, Joyce, Giotto, Picasso, Handel, Wagner, and Virginia Woolf, Boorstin assembles them into a grand mosaic of aesthetic and intellectual invention. In the process he tells us not only how great art (and great architecture and philosophy) is created, but where it comes from and how it has shaped and mirrored societies from Vedic India to the twentieth-century United States.

War, Aggression and Self-Defence

Cf. K. S. Elliott, “The New World Order and the Right of Self-Defense in the United
Nations Charter', 15 H.I.C.L.R. 55, 68–9 ... Ibid., 121–2. this light, the duty of
reporting becomes a substantive condition The concept of self-defence 189 CXI.

Author : Yoram Dinstein

Release : 2001-06-07

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 9780521797580

File Size : 48.51 MB

Format : PDF

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Yoram Dinstein's seminal book is an essential guide to the legal issues of war and peace, armed attack and self-defense. This third edition incorporates new materials on the Kosovo air campaign, "humanitarian intervention," recent Security Council resolutions, the latest pronouncements of the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. This comprehensive introduction to the legal issues surrounding war and self-defense continues to provide an indispensable tool for students and practitioners of international law, international relations and military studies.

Self-defense and Battered Women who Kill

A New Framework Robbin S. Ogle, Susan Jacobs ... In this chapter, we explore
the law of self-defense. As an initial matter, it is good to be reminded that there is
not a single "law of self-defense. ... respects, it is evolving fairly well; that is, some
important concepts defining self-defense are becoming more broadly understood
, ...

Author : Robbin S. Ogle

Release : 2002

Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN : 9780275967116

File Size : 24.18 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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Battering relationships often escalate to a point where the battered woman commits homicide. When such homicides occur, attention usually is focused on the final violent encounter; however, Ogle and Jacobs argue, while that act is the last homicidal encounter, it is not the only one. This important study argues that the battering relationship is properly understood as a long-term homicidal process that, if played out to the point that contrition dissipates, is very likely to result in the death of one of the parties. In that context, Ogle and Jacobs posit a social interaction perspective for understanding the situational, cultural, social, and structural forces that work toward maintaining the battering relationship and escalating it to a homicidal end. This book details this theory and explains how to apply it in a trial setting.

Complete Tai-Chi

The Definitive Guide to Physical and Emotional Self-Improvement Alfred Huang.
During the ... This new form combined the early concepts of self-defense and the
later concepts of therapeutic exercise, signaling the birth of the Yang school.

Author : Alfred Huang

Release : 2011-12-20

Publisher : Tuttle Publishing

ISBN : 1462903460

File Size : 60.59 MB

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Today people around the world are discovering the benefits of Tai-chi, an ancient Chinese system of exercise based on calm, graceful movements that condition the body from the inside out. With benefits like reduced stress and anxiety, plus improved flexibility and concentration, Tai-chi has become the ultimate form of exercise for relaxing and strengthening both body and spirit. Master Huang's Complete Tai-chi is the definitive introduction to the Condensed Form of Wu-style Tai-chi, a form that has gained enormous popularity as a healing exercise because it stresses the development of internal energy for self-healing. The 36 postures of this style are beautiful in their simplicity and completely safe, regardless of one's age or physical condition. Included in this book are a detailed guide to the 36 postures (with more than 250 illustrative photographs), a historical overview of Tai-chi, and translations of classic works by Tai-chi masters. The demands of Tai-chi are small, but the rewards are great. A few minutes each day and a bit of open space are all one needs to find a new path to youthfulness and longevity, and at the same time reach the peak of physical and emotional well-being.

Family in Transition

It was a classic case of self - defense , ” says one public defender , “ _ except for
the last minute and a half . ” Billie Shropshire did not ... up to a new concept of
self - defense propounded by some feminist lawyers . “ The perspective we have
 ...

Author : Arlene S. Skolnick

Release : 1980

Publisher : Boston : Little, Brown

ISBN :

File Size : 37.62 MB

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Battling Pornography

The multimedia campaign for the newSelf-Defense” products, which included
television and radio spots, as well as ... At second glance, however, it was clear
that the Max Factor ads were satirizing the concept of self-defense, mocking ...

Author : Carolyn Bronstein

Release : 2011-06-27

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 1139498711

File Size : 39.70 MB

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Pornography catapulted to the forefront of the American women's movement in the 1980s. In Battling Pornography, Carolyn Bronstein locates the origins of anti-pornography sentiment in the turbulent social and cultural history of the late 1960s and 1970s. Based on extensive original archival research, the book reveals that the seeds of the movement were planted by groups who protested the proliferation of advertisements, Hollywood films and other mainstream media that glorified sexual violence. Over time, feminist leaders redirected the emphasis from violence to pornography to leverage rhetorical power. Battling Pornography presents a fascinating account of the rise and fall of this significant American social movement and documents the contributions of influential activists on both sides of the pornography debate, including some of the best-known American feminists.

The Struggle of Democracy Against Terrorism

have been adopted before drastic measures were taken — and therefore the
requirements of self-defense, as defined, had ... the Bush administration has
formed a new doctrine of anticipatory self-defense which is based on the
foundations of ...

Author : Emanuel Gross

Release : 2006

Publisher : University of Virginia Press

ISBN : 9780813925318

File Size : 23.56 MB

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Examines the legal and moral complexities democracies face when dealing with terrorism. This book is useful to students and teachers of law, political science, and philosophy, as well as to citizens and activists concerned with the impact of terrorism on civil liberties.

Point of Attack

Responding to these pressures by subsuming them all in the concept of self-
defense is shortsighted. Limiting war ... 1 To adapt to the new world of security
threats, the international system should reject rules that mimic criminal law. Once
freed ...

Author : John Yoo

Release : 2014-03-14

Publisher : Oxford University Press

ISBN : 0199347751

File Size : 40.71 MB

Format : PDF

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The world today is overwhelmed by wars between nations and within nations, wars that have dominated American politics for quite some time. Point of Attack calls for a new understanding of the grounds for war. In this book John Yoo argues that the new threats to international security come not from war between the great powers, but from the internal collapse of states, terrorist groups, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and destabilizing regional powers. In Point of Attack he rejects the widely-accepted framework built on the U.N. Charter and replaces it with a new system consisting of defensive, pre-emptive, or preventive measures to encourage wars that advance global welfare. Yoo concludes with an analysis of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, failed states, and the current challenges posed by Libya, Syria, North Korea, and Iran.

Threefold Lotus Kwoon Student Manual

BODY, MIND, AND SPIRIT When the truth of Threefold Lotus Kwoon training is
seen for what it is, then a completely new meaning emerges from the term Self
Defense. We come to learn there are in fact three forms of selfdefense. The first is
 ...

Author : Sylvain, Sifu Chamberland - Nyudo

Release : 2008-12-06

Publisher : Lulu.com

ISBN : 1435729331

File Size : 52.61 MB

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Textbook of Vital Energy Training and Wushu at TLK. Kwoon requirements, testing, and some instruction on particular techniques. Also includes "The Way", for history and philosophy of the martial way, for study.

Self Defense in a Narcissistic World

"I WANT A NEW CONTRACT" The standard contract in psychotherapy — that the
patient is responsible for coming at a specified time, paying an agreed-upon fee
and is invited and encouraged to be as utterly candid as is humanly possible ...

Author : Gerald Alper

Release : 2003

Publisher : University Press of America

ISBN : 9780761827962

File Size : 50.24 MB

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Self Defense in a Narcissistic World explores in depth a new, basically unrecognized and highly prevalent everyday addiction: power trips. The disastrous consequences of this simple, but insidious, largely unconscious cultural and psychological phenomenon are candidly revealed by author Gerald Alper.

Defenses in Contemporary International Criminal Law

1 INDIVIDUAL SELF-DEFENSE IN INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW 1.1 New
Aspects and the Special Nature of ... the Rome Statute of the International
Criminal Court (ICC) realizes to a certain extent the concept of self-defense with
regard ...

Author : Geert-Jan G. J. Knoops

Release : 2008

Publisher : BRILL

ISBN : 1571051589

File Size : 30.37 MB

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The Second Edition of "Defenses in Contemporary International Criminal Law" ventures farther into this uneasy territory than any previous work, offering a meticulous analysis of the case law in the post World War II Military Tribunals and the ad hoc tribunals for Rwanda and the Former Yugoslavia, with particular attention to the defenses developed, their rationales, and their origins in various municipal systems. It analyzes the defense provisions in the charters and statutes underlying these tribunals and the new International Criminal Court, while examining the first judgment in this field rendered by the Special Court for Sierra Leone, on June 20, 2007. The conceptual reach of this work includes not only the defenses recognized in the field's jurisprudence and scholarship (superior orders, duress, self-defense, insanity, necessity, mistake of law and fact, immunity of States), but also presents a strong case for the incorporation of genetic and neurobiological data into the functioning of certain defenses. Procedural mechanisms to invoke these defenses are also addressed.