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Alternate Route

An Alternative Route: Privatization When evaluating a public policy, economists
normally begin by asking whether it maximizes economic efficiency. That
benchmark is arguably inappropriate when the policy has a goal apart from
economic ...

Author : Clifford Winston

Release : 2010-12-01

Publisher : Brookings Institution Press

ISBN : 9780815705352

File Size : 67.79 MB

Format : PDF

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Urban transportation problems abound across America, including jammed highways during rush-hours, deteriorating bus service, and strong pressures to build new rail systems. Most solutions attempt either to increase transportation capacity (by building more roads and expanding mass transit) or to manage existing capacity (through HOV restrictions, exclusive bus lanes, and employer-based policies such as flexible work hours). This book develops an alternative solution to urban transportation problems based on economic analysis, but well aware of the political constraints on policymakers. The authors estimate that efficient pricing and service policies could save more than $10 billion in annual net benefits over current practices, but argue that powerful, entrenched political and institutional forces will continue to thwart efficient economic solutions to improve urban transportation. They believe, however, that some form of privatization would likely improve social welfare more than an efficient public sector system. Facing fewer operating restrictions, greater economic incentives, and stronger competitive pressures, private suppliers could substantially improve the efficiency of urban operations and offer services that are more responsive to the needs of all types of travelers. The authors conclude that policymakers have bestowed huge benefits on the public by allowing the private sector to play a leading and unencumbered role in the provision of intercity transportation. Public officials should take the next step and allow the private sector to play a leading role in the provision of urban transportation.

Alternate Route 7, Latham-Mohawk River Interchange, Albany County

12232 Re : Alternate Route ? Gentlemen : As residents of 97 Elm Street ,
Watervliet , New York , ( Town of Colonie ) , we have experienced an increase in
auto and truck traffic on our street since Route 787 was completed and
terminated at ...

Author :

Release : 1981

Publisher :


File Size : 46.7 MB

Format : PDF

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Local Contribution Toward Alternate Route C-1, Navigation Improvement at Venice, Florida

This report compares , at current price levels , the cost of waterway improvement
via the originally authorized route and via Alternate Route C - 1 , in the reach
between the junctions of those routes . The estimates in this report are based on

Author : United States. Engineers Corps

Release : 1957

Publisher :


File Size : 56.46 MB

Format : PDF, Mobi

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Alternate Route to School Effectiveness and Student Achievement

Dr. Patrick Chudi Okafor portrayed this fact in this book based on research
conducted within New York City public schools, in which he examined climate as
an alternate route to school effectiveness and student academic achievement
and a ...

Author : Patrick Chudi Okafor

Release : 2012-07

Publisher : iUniverse

ISBN : 1475930453

File Size : 80.54 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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While socioeconomic status does affects students' success, both in academics and in future status in adult life, it does not have to be the only deciding factor. In his study, "Alternate Route to School Effectiveness and Student Achievement," Dr. Patrick Chudi Okafor discusses the need to enhance school climate as an alternate to socioeconomic status in promoting students' success. He also investigates the climate in New York City public schools as the means of schools' survival, development, and growth, as it affects both school effectiveness and student academic achievement. He further considers schools, teachers, parents, communities, and governments with respect to their roles in students' academic development and growth.These considerations, among others, led Dr. Okafor to offer solutions to the issue of failure associated with low socioeconomic status at a time when more children are falling within this bracket and the gap between the rich and the poor continues to widen. A quality learning environment presents a strong stimulus for societal change, development, and growth. By basing the overarching framework of his study on openness of the school and family systems, Dr. Okafor builds on the idea behind the saying, "It takes a village to raise a child." The academic relationship between the home and the school must be improved to guarantee sustainable student academic performance and "the home climate" is a major contributor to what children bring to school, just as "the school climate" is a major determinant to how it is transformed.

Guide for Alternate Route Teachers

I believe this book will be a great resource for alternative route teachers and for all new teachers, as well." - Mary Glenn Rinne, Indiana Department of Education What Makes This Book the First of its Kind .

Author : Frances A. Levin

Release : 2008

Publisher : Allyn & Bacon


File Size : 46.13 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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Read how this book can help "you" become a better teacher in your "first year" of teaching.".."" "Unlike any other book on the market, "Guide for Alternate Route Teachers: Strategies for Literacy Development, Classroom Management, and Teaching and Learning, K-12"offers guidance for professionals in all content areas (K-12) who are beginning new careers in teaching through the alternate route certification process. This unique book is designed to address all of the important topics that new teachers encounter, including classroom management, literacy, inclusion, and working with English learners. The overarching goal of this resource is to provide alternate route teachers with the confidence and basic knowledge they need to begin their new careers and their responsibilities as teachers. "Why Reviewers Think This is a Unique Resource....""The emphasis on serving all students is admirable. By including information about the inclusive classroom and concomitant teaching strategies, the authors are telling new teachers that this is the norm, and that being prepared to serve all students from the get-go is essential. I applaud them for including this emphasis in their book... I believe this book will be a great resource for alternative route teachers and for all new teachers, as well." - Mary Glenn Rinne, Indiana Department of Education What Makes This Book the First of its Kind ... Two chapters are totally devoted to literacy development, with hands-on strategies and ready-to-use materials that will help teachers understand how to teach literacy and how to help students understand their content area textbooks. Provides a strong knowledge base in inclusive education. Addresses the importance of the home - school connection. Offers information and strategies for understanding cultural differences, teaching English Language Learners, Students with Special Needs and differentiating instruction for all students. Practical suggestions and strategies that can be immediately implemented. Alignment of teaching practices with state and national tests and standards. Includes strategies for literacy teaching and learning across the curriculum. "About the Authors"Dr. Fran Levin is the Academic Director of a Statewide-Alternate Route teaching program and an associate professor of literacy. She is the Editor of the New Jersey Journal of Literacy and past president of the New Jersey Reading Association. Dr. Mary Alice McCullough is an assistant professor of literacy and has had 25 years of experience as a secondary teacher. A perfect resource for Stage I of the alternate route certification process!

Roadway Incident Diversion Practices

42 SKYLIN Alternate Route WHEN ARROW ON FIGURE 10 The Minnesota DOT
has installed permanent route guidance signs on some preplanned alternate
routes in the Twin Cities . ( Photo courtesy of the Minnesota DOT . ) TABLE 5 ...

Author : Walter M. Dunn

Release : 1999

Publisher : Transportation Research Board

ISBN : 9780309068598

File Size : 85.84 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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"This synthesis report will be of interest to officials of municipal, regional, and statewide transportation and law enforcement agencies who are responsible for roadway incident diversion practices. It will also be of interest to others who interact with these agencies to achieve a better understanding of the processes, barriers, and technologies associated with alternate route plan development and deployment. This report presents state-of-the-practice information about the development and implementation of roadway incident diversion practices. It documents specific trends in the practice, and in examining individual practices, identifies unique plans, processes, and technologies from which other agencies may find useful applications. This TRB report addresses a broad list of topics associated with roadway incident diversion and profiles successful incident diversion practices, as reported by surveyed agencies. In particular, it focuses concern on alternate route plans for random incidents, those resulting in nonrecurring congestion."--Avant-propos.

WDM Mesh Networks

An approach to routing which considers multiple routes is fixed-alternate routing.
In fixed-alternate routing, each node in the network is required to maintain a
routing table which contains an ordered list of a number of fixed routes to each ...

Author : Hui Zang

Release : 2003

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9781402073557

File Size : 73.35 MB

Format : PDF, Mobi

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WDM Mesh Networks: Management and Survivability examines several of the key management and survivability issues related to mesh-based WDM networks and proposes new WDM network protocols and algorithms that could make telecommunication networks more efficient. The book focuses on various issues related to wavelength routed networks, namely, routing and wavelength assignment, control and management, fault management, and wavelength-converter placement. Special consideration has been given to designing optical networks with survivability requirements. Network designers and planners, and research and development engineers active in the field of telecommunications will find this book especially useful. WDM Mesh Networks: Management and Survivability will also serve as a helpful reference for students of optical networking at the senior undergraduate and graduate levels.

Arizona Statewide Alternate Route Plan

Increasing traffic volumes on Arizona's State Highway System are contributing to the increased frequency and duration of incident-caused rural highway closures, amplifying the need to effectively divert traffic around these situations.

Author : Henry B. Wall

Release : 1999

Publisher :


File Size : 70.16 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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Increasing traffic volumes on Arizona's State Highway System are contributing to the increased frequency and duration of incident-caused rural highway closures, amplifying the need to effectively divert traffic around these situations. Through this research project, the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT), in collaboration with other state agencies, is addressing the need for a statewide, seamless and homogenous set of current alternate routes to supplement the existing detours developed by ADOT District offices. To accomplish this goal, this project developed an alternate route database in close cooperation with the ADOT Districts and Arizona Department of Public Safety (AZ DPS). The alternate route electronic database and workbook will be distributed both internally within ADOT and to DPS as a controlled document.

Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices

Route Sign Auxiliaries JUNCTION NORTH EAST SOUTHWEST M3-1 M3-2 M3-3
M3-4 47 3 JCT ALTERNATE ALT BY - PASS ... Direction auxiliary sign shall be
mounted directly above a route sign or an auxiliary sign for an alternative route .

Author : Department of Transportation

Release : 2003-11

Publisher : Claitor's Law Books and Publishing

ISBN : 9781579809294

File Size : 87.10 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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Utah Alternate Route Map

Author : Utah Travel Council

Release : 1975

Publisher :


File Size : 23.12 MB

Format : PDF

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Troubleshooting IP Routing Protocols

However, if the connection between RT2 and RT3 is broken, RT2 will remove the
original route and install an alternate route to Dest3 with a metric of 4 and RT1 as
the next hop. Meanwhile, RT1 has the same route pointing back to RT2 as the ...

Author : Faraz Shamim

Release : 2002

Publisher : Cisco Press

ISBN : 1587050196

File Size : 26.50 MB

Format : PDF, Mobi

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The comprehensive, hands-on guide for resolving IP routing problems Understand and overcome common routing problems associated with BGP, IGRP, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS, multicasting, and RIP, such as route installation, route advertisement, route redistribution, route summarization, route flap, and neighbor relationships Solve complex IP routing problems through methodical, easy-to-follow flowcharts and step-by-step scenario instructions for troubleshooting Obtain essential troubleshooting skills from detailed case studies by experienced Cisco TAC team members Examine numerous protocol-specific debugging tricks that speed up problem resolution Gain valuable insight into the minds of CCIE engineers as you prepare for the challenging CCIE exams As the Internet continues to grow exponentially, the need for network engineers to build, maintain, and troubleshoot the growing number of component networks has also increased significantly. IP routing is at the core of Internet technology and expedient troubleshooting of IP routing failures is key to reducing network downtime and crucial for sustaining mission-critical applications carried over the Internet. Though troubleshooting skills are in great demand, few networking professionals possess the knowledge to identify and rectify networking problems quickly and efficiently. Troubleshooting IP Routing Protocols provides working solutions necessary for networking engineers who are pressured to acquire expert-level skills at a moment's notice. This book also serves as an additional study aid for CCIE candidates. Authored by Cisco Systems engineers in the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) and the Internet Support Engineering Team who troubleshoot IP routing protocols on a daily basis, Troubleshooting IP Routing Protocols goes through a step-by-step process to solving real-world problems. Based on the authors' combined years of experience, this complete reference alternates between chapters that cover the key aspects of a given routing protocol and chapters that concentrate on the troubleshooting steps an engineer would take to resolve the most common routing problems related to a variety of routing protocols. The book provides extensive, practical coverage of BGP, IGRP, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS, multicasting, and RIP as run on Cisco IOS Software network devices. Troubleshooting IP Routing Protocols offers you a full understanding of invaluable troubleshooting techniques that help keep your network operating at peak performance. Whether you are looking to hone your support skills or to prepare for the challenging CCIE exams, this essential reference shows you how to isolate and resolve common network failures and to sustain optimal network operation. This book is part of the Cisco CCIE Professional Development Series, which offers expert-level instruction on network design, deployment, and support methodologies to help networking professionals manage complex networks and prepare for CCIE exams.

MUTCD 2000: Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices

Standard : If used , the auxiliary signs for alternative routes shall be mounted
directly above a route sign . ... ALT ( M4-1a ) auxiliary sign may be used to
indicate an officially designated alternate routing of a numbered route between
two points ...

Author : New York (State). State Traffic Commission

Release :

Publisher : Government Printing Office


File Size : 23.59 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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Soft Computing

Anisha M. Lal and Salaja Karunya Institute of Technology, Karunya Nagar
Coimbatore Abstract The alternate path routing is integrated with the network
multicast services. The primary purpose of routing protocols is to maintain

Author :

Release : 2005

Publisher : Allied Publishers

ISBN : 9788177646320

File Size : 63.98 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE) Foundation Learning Guide

When a router loses a route and does not have a feasible successor in its
topology table, it looks for an alternative path to the destination. ... If a neighbor
router has an alternate route, it answers the query and does not propagate it

Author : Diane Teare

Release : 2014-12-29

Publisher : Cisco Press

ISBN : 0133965864

File Size : 65.80 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi

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Now updated for Cisco’s new ROUTE 300-101 exam, Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE) Foundation Learning Guide is your Cisco® authorized learning tool for CCNP® or CCDP® preparation. Part of the Cisco Press Foundation Learning Series, it teaches you how to plan, configure, maintain, and scale a modern routed network. Focusing on Cisco routers connected in LANs and WANs at medium-to-large network sites, the authors show how to select and implement Cisco IOS services for building scalable, routed networks. They examine basic network and routing protocol principles in detail; introduce both IPv4 and IPv6; fully review EIGRP, OSPF, and BGP; explore enterprise Internet connectivity; cover routing updates and path control; and present today’s router security best practices. Each chapter opens with a list of topics that clearly identifies its focus. Each chapter ends with a summary of key concepts for quick study, as well as review questions to assess and reinforce your understanding. Throughout, configuration and verification output examples illustrate critical issues in network operation and troubleshooting. This guide is ideal for all certification candidates who want to master all the topics covered on the ROUTE 300-101 exam. Serves as the official book for the newest version of the Cisco Networking Academy CCNP ROUTE course Includes all the content from the newest Learning@Cisco ROUTE course and information on each of the ROUTE exam topics Compares basic routing protocol features and limitations Examines RIPv2 and RIPng Covers EIGRP operation and implementation for both IPv4 and IPv6 Explores OSPFv2 implementation, and OSPFv3 for both IPv4 and IPv6 Discusses network performance optimization via routing updates Introduces path control with Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) switching, policy-based routing (PBR), and service level agreements (SLAs) Addresses enterprise Internet connectivity via single or redundant ISP connections Explains BGP terminology, concepts, operation, configuration, verification, and troubleshooting Covers securing the management plane of Cisco routers using authentication and other recommended practices Presents self-assessment review questions, chapter objectives, and summaries to facilitate effective studying

CCNA Certification All-In-One For Dummies

0 DUAL provides alternate routes very quickly in case the best route to a
destination is down. DUAL provides two features that enable a very quick
alternate route calculation: - The successor and feasible successor routes: For
each route, ...

Author : Silviu Angelescu

Release : 2010-03-16

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 9780470635926

File Size : 84.93 MB

Format : PDF, Docs

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A complete preparation guide for the entry-level networking CCNA certification If you're planning to advance your career by taking the all-important Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA), this is the study guide you need! Seven minibooks cover all the concepts and topics on which you'll be tested, covering the latest version of the exam. Each part of the exam is covered thoroughly in its own section, so you can readily find the information you want to study. Plenty of review questions help you prepare, and the companion CD-ROM includes the highly rated Dummies Test Engine so you can test your progress with questions based on exam content. The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) is the entry-level certification for network professionals Seven minibooks in this guide cover Secure Device Manager, Virtual Private Networks, IPv6, 2960 Switches, Cisco Network Assistant, Advanced EIGRP and OSPF, and Introduction to Wireless Networks Covers the latest version of the exam, including the new voice, security and wireless components added in 2008 Packed with review questions to help you prepare Includes more security and troubleshooting information CD-ROM includes the popular Dummies Test Engine, an exclusive, fully customizable test-prep software package that features twice as many sample questions as the previous version CCNA Certification All-In-One For Dummies is the preparation guide you need to earn your CCNA certification. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Development of Coal Resources in Central Utah: Regional analysis

Alternate powerline location Description of the alternative . - - An alternate power
transmission route has been proposed . The first 3 . 35 miles would also proceed
westward up Convulsion Canyon to northwest of the Acord Lakes . From that ...

Author : United States. Dept. of the Interior

Release : 1979

Publisher :


File Size : 46.96 MB

Format : PDF

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Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System: Alaska

Such a line might be somewhat longer than the offshore alternative route but
eliminating the need for access road and ... Land elements of the Offshore
alternate are the same as those described on the applied - for AAG PC route in
Section 3 .

Author : United States. EIS Task Force

Release : 1976

Publisher :


File Size : 87.79 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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Comprehensive Mentoring Programs for New Teachers

(Continued) HISTORY In 1985, an alternate route program was created to open
the doors of the teaching profession to a pool of potential candidates with content
-specific expertise to support teaching and learning within the schools of New ...

Author : Susan Villani

Release : 2009-06-17

Publisher : Corwin Press

ISBN : 9781412966139

File Size : 72.39 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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This updated edition presents 18 successful real-world programs, 5 factors for developing a comprehensive mentoring initiative, and new material for mentoring special education, math, and science teachers.