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Battles and Battlefields of Ancient Greece

This guide combines the pertinent ancient evidence and modern scholarly work to give a handy guide to twenty battlefields, selected for both their historical importance and the inspiring nature of their sites.

Author : C. Jacob Butera

Release : 2018-08-30

Publisher : Pen & Sword Military

ISBN : 9781783831869

File Size : 45.75 MB

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Greece was the scene for some of the most evocative and decisive battles in the ancient world. This guide combines the pertinent ancient evidence and modern scholarly work to give a handy guide to twenty battlefields, selected for both their historical importance and the inspiring nature of their sites. After an introductory crash course on ancient

The Ancient Greeks at War

This book takes a thematic approach that analyses a broad range of military and social aspects of Greek warfare in the period from the Late Bronze Age to Alexander the Great.

Author : Louis Rawlings

Release : 2007

Publisher : Manchester University Press

ISBN : 9780719056574

File Size : 32.79 MB

Format : PDF

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This book takes a thematic approach that analyses a broad range of military and social aspects of Greek warfare in the period from the Late Bronze Age to Alexander the Great. Topics include: the causes of war, land battles, sieges and naval warfare, as well as the economic, religious, political, and cultural impact of war.

Understanding Greek Warfare

This volume covers not only the development of equipment, tactics, strategy, and the major wars of Greek history – the "drums and trumpets" – it also examines the political, social, and cultural importance of warfare in each period.

Author : Matthew A. Sears

Release : 2019-02-04

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1351974122

File Size : 80.58 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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Understanding Greek Warfare offers a wide-ranging survey of Greek warfare, from the Mycenaeans through to the Hellenistic kingdoms’ clashes with Rome. Each chapter provides an overview of a particular theme and historical period, and a detailed discussion of the relevant sources, both ancient and modern. This volume covers not only the development of equipment, tactics, strategy, and the major wars of Greek history – the "drums and trumpets" – it also examines the political, social, and cultural importance of warfare in each period. Each chapter outlines major scholarly debates, such as the true nature of hoplite battle and whether Alexander the Great had a strategic vision beyond conquest, and includes several short selections from the primary literary evidence. Readable yet scholarly, this book is an ideal companion to courses on Greek warfare and society, and offers detailed suggestions for further reading and research. Understanding Greek Warfare will be a crucial resource for students of war in the ancient Greek world, and of the ancient Greeks in general.

Land Battles in 5th Century BC Greece

"Relying heavily on primary sources such as Herodotus, Thucydides and Plutarch, this volume provides the first-ever tactical level survey of all Greek land engagements which occurred during the 5th century BC, a seminal period in the ...

Author : Fred Eugene Ray, Jr.

Release : 2011-08-11

Publisher : McFarland

ISBN : 0786452609

File Size : 49.69 MB

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"Relying heavily on primary sources such as Herodotus, Thucydides and Plutarch, this volume provides the first-ever tactical level survey of all Greek land engagements which occurred during the 5th century BC, a seminal period in the history of western warfare"--Provided by publisher.

Hoplites

Incorporating research found in ancient literary, iconographic, epigraphic, and archaeological sources, this book explores the experiences of the soldiers who conducted battle on the small plains of ancient Greece.

Author : Victor Davis Hanson

Release : 2002-11-01

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 113496191X

File Size : 39.16 MB

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Incorporating research found in ancient literary, iconographic, epigraphic, and archaeological sources, this book explores the experiences of the soldiers who conducted battle on the small plains of ancient Greece. The volume, which draws on the accumulated expertise of nine American and British scholars, emphasizes the actual techniques of fighting and practical concerns as the use of commands, music in warfare, the use of "dog-tags", and ritual on the battlefield.

Cavalry Operations in the Ancient Greek World

In this comprehensive narrative, Robert E. Gaebel challenges conventional views of cavalry operations in the Greek world.

Author : Robert E. Gaebel

Release : 2002

Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN : 9780806134444

File Size : 49.67 MB

Format : PDF

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In this comprehensive narrative, Robert E. Gaebel challenges conventional views of cavalry operations in the Greek world. Applying both military and historical perspectives, Gaebel shows that until the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., cavalry played a larger role than is commonly recognized. Gaebel traces the operational use of cavalry in the ancient Greek world from circa 500 to 150 B.C., the end of Greek and Macedonian independence. Emphasizing the Greek and Hellenistic periods (359322 B.C.), he provides information about the military use of horses in the eastern Mediterranean, Greek stable management and horse care, and broad battlefield goals.

Armies of Ancient Greece Circa 500 to 338 BC

Covering the period from the Persian Wars to the Macedonian victory at the Battle of Chaeronea, Gabriele Esposito examines not only the hoplites but also the other troops that featured in Greek armies with growing importance as time went on ...

Author : Gabriele Esposito

Release : 2020-07-19

Publisher : Pen and Sword Military

ISBN : 1526751909

File Size : 83.73 MB

Format : PDF

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Conflict was rife among the Greeks of the Classical period, including some of the most famous wars and battles of the whole ancient period, such as the defeat of the Persians at Marathon, the Spartans’ heroic last stand at Thermopylae, the gruelling Pelopponesian War and the epic March of the Ten Thousand. The Greek heavy infantry spearmen, or hoplites, are one of the most recognizable types of ancient warrior and their tighly-packed phalanx formation dominated the battlefield. Covering the period from the Persian Wars to the Macedonian victory at the Battle of Chaeronea, Gabriele Esposito examines not only the hoplites but also the other troops that featured in Greek armies with growing importance as time went on, such as light infantry skirmishers and cavalry. He details their arms, armour and equipment, organization and tactics. His clear, informative text is beautifully illustrated with dozens of colour photographs showing how the equipment was worn and used.

Soldiers & Ghosts

Sparta, Macedonia, and Rome--how did these nations come to dominate the ancient world? Lendon shows readers that the most successful armies were those that made the most effective use of cultural tradition.

Author : J. E. Lendon

Release : 2006-08-01

Publisher : Yale University Press

ISBN : 9780300119794

File Size : 69.10 MB

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What set the successful armies of Sparta, Macedon, and Rome apart from those they defeated? In this major new history of battle from the age of Homer through the decline of the Roman empire, J. E. Lendon surveys a millennium of warfare to discover how militaries change--and don't change--and how an army's greatness depends on its use of the past. Noting this was an age that witnessed few technological advances, J. E. Lendon shows us that the most successful armies were those that made the most effective use of cultural tradition. Ancient combat moved forward by looking backward for inspiration--the Greeks, to Homer; the Romans, to the Greeks and to their own heroic past. The best ancient armies recruited soldiers from societies with strong competitive traditions; and the best ancient leaders, from Alexander to Julius Caesar, called upon those traditions to encourage ferocious competition at every rank. Ranging from the Battle of Champions between Sparta and Argos in 550 B.C. through Julian's invasion of Persia in A.D. 363, Soldiers and Ghosts brings to life the most decisive military contests of ancient Greece and Rome. Lendon places these battles, and the methods by which they were fought, in a sweeping narrative of ancient military history. On every battlefield, living soldiers fought alongside the ghosts of tradition--ghosts that would inspire greatness for almost a millennium before ultimately coming to stifle it.

Great Battles of the Classical Greek World

This book presents a selection of eighteen land battles and sieges that span the Classical Greek period, from the Persian invasions to the eclipse of the traditional hoplite heavy infantry at the hands of the Macedonians.

Author : Owen Rees

Release : 2016-10-14

Publisher : Pen and Sword

ISBN : 1473881773

File Size : 29.49 MB

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This book presents a selection of eighteen land battles and sieges that span the Classical Greek period, from the Persian invasions to the eclipse of the traditional hoplite heavy infantry at the hands of the Macedonians. This of course is the golden age of the hoplite phalanx but Owen Rees is keen to cover all aspects of battle, including mercenary armies and the rise of light infantry, emphasising the variety and tactical developments across the period. Each battle is set in context with a brief background and then the battlefield and opposing forces are discussed before the narrative and analysis of the fighting is given and rounded off with consideration of the aftermath and strategic implications. Written in an accessible narrative tone, a key feature of the book is the authors choice of battles, which collectively challenge popularly held beliefs such as the invincibility of the Spartans. The text is well supported by dozens of tactical diagrams showing deployments and various phase of the battles.

The Western Way of War

The Western Way of War draws from an extraordinary range of sources--Greek poetry, drama, and vase painting, as well as historical records--to describe what actually took place on the battlefield.

Author : Victor Davis Hanson

Release : 2013-05-01

Publisher : Knopf

ISBN : 0307831558

File Size : 52.96 MB

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The Greeks of the classical age invented not only the central idea of Western politics--that the power of state should be guided by a majority of its citizens--but also the central act of Western warfare, the decisive infantry battle. Instead of ambush, skirmish, maneuver, or combat between individual heroes, the Greeks of the fifth century b.c. devised a ferocious, brief, and destructive head-on clash between armed men of all ages. In this bold, original study, Victor Davis Hanson shows how this brutal enterprise was dedicated to the same outcome as consensual government--an unequivocal, instant resolution to dispute. The Western Way of War draws from an extraordinary range of sources--Greek poetry, drama, and vase painting, as well as historical records--to describe what actually took place on the battlefield. It is the first study to explore the actual mechanics of classical Greek battle from the vantage point of the infantryman--the brutal spear-thrusting, the difficulty of fighting in heavy bronze armor which made it hard to see, hear and move, and the fear. Hanson also discusses the physical condition and age of the men, weaponry, wounds, and morale. This compelling account of what happened on the killing fields of the ancient Greeks ultimately shows that their style of armament and battle was contrived to minimize time and life lost by making the battle experience as decisive and appalling as possible. Linking this new style of fighting to the rise of constitutional government, Hanson raises new issues and questions old assumptions about the history of war.

Studies in Ancient Greek Topography

Author : William Kendrick Pritchett

Release : 1965-01-01

Publisher : Univ of California Press

ISBN : 9780520096608

File Size : 45.8 MB

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Studies in Ancient Greek Topography

This seventh volume of Prof.

Author : W. Kendrick Pritchett

Release : 1991

Publisher : Brill Academic Pub

ISBN :

File Size : 41.73 MB

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This seventh volume of Prof. Pritchett's studies, correlating topography with ancient texts, seeks to identify the sites and routes in Philip's campaign in northwest Greece in 219 B.C. (Polybios), his march on Thermon in 218 (Polybios), Demosthenes' campaign in Aitolia in 426 (Thucydides), Agesilaos' campaign in Akarnania in 389 (Xenophon), the march of the Romans over Mount Olympos in 169 (Livy), and Lykourgos' raid on the Parnon littoral in 219 (Polybios). He also includes a unique collection of 175 photographs. There follow four supplements, in part inspired by the criticisms of other scholars, on the topography of Thermopylai, of Pausanias' Argos-Sparta road passing through the Battlefield of Champions, and of the Messenian wars which includes a section on Homeric warfare.

Hippeis

This book is the first to trace the history of Greek cavalry and offers a startling reassessment of the place of mounted troops in ancient Greek warfare.

Author : Leslie J Worley

Release : 1994

Publisher : Westview Press

ISBN :

File Size : 75.7 MB

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The achievements of Greek cavalry - hippeis - on the field of battle should be legendary. However, in most military histories of ancient Greece, the hoplite has received by far the most attention and praise. The modern preoccupation with the heavy infantry of Greece has led to a disregard of the important role played by cavalry. This book is the first to trace the history of Greek cavalry and offers a startling reassessment of the place of mounted troops in ancient Greek warfare. The first tentative steps toward creating cavalry began as early as the Mycenaean period. Around 1400 B.C., the Greeks began to mount warriors on horseback. The original intent was to gain mobility rather than power on the battlefield. But even at this early stage, some hippeis were equipped to fight mounted and were employed for their "shock" effect in battle. The early Archaic period saw the hippeis emerge preeminent on the battlefields of the Greek world. Cavalry played an important role in the first Messenian War and was decisive in the Lelantine War. Success led to specialization - heavy cavalry, light cavalry, and dragoons. Although the dominance of the hippeis was gradually eroded by the advent of the hoplite and the phalanx, the employment of cavalry actually increased in the Classical period. Boeotia, Athens, and Syracuse all fielded formidable mounted forces that played a vital role in the Peloponnesian War. Xenophon's mounted units enabled the "Ten Thousand" to escape the Persians and permitted Agesilaus to conduct a successful campaign in Asis Minor. Epaminondas used the charge of the Theban horse to open the fighting and gain victories at the battles of Leuctra and Mantinea. Philip and Alexander used their cavalry as the "hammer" of the Macedonian army in campaigns that won them dominance of Greece and crushed the Persian Empire. Leslie Worley's Hippeis restores the skilled horsemen of Greece to their rightful position in the history of the ancient world.

Essays in Greek History

These studies are a by-product of Pritchett's studies on Greek military practices and Greek topography, and will be of interest to students of Greek historiography, since all involve problems of text and the veracity of the historians.

Author : William Kendrick Pritchett

Release : 1994

Publisher : Brill Academic Pub

ISBN :

File Size : 28.78 MB

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The Professor Emeritus of Greek at Berkeley offers six original papers, the titles of which are indicative of the contents: - The Alleged Battle of Oinoa. - The General's Exhortations in Greek Warfare. - The General on the Battlefield. - Thucydides and Pylos. - The Roads of Akarnania. - Circumventions of the Thermopylai Pass. These studies are a by-product of Pritchett's studies on Greek military practices and Greek topography, and will be of interest to students of Greek historiography, since all involve problems of text and the veracity of the historians. The three topographical chapters, which are based on extensive autopsy and include some new discoveries, are accompanied with photographs and sketchmaps.

Great Battles of the Hellenistic World

In Great Battles of the Hellenistic World, Joseph Pietrykowski explores the struggles that shook the ancient world and shaped history.

Author : Joseph Pietrykowski

Release : 2012-02-27

Publisher : Pen and Sword

ISBN : 1848847106

File Size : 82.63 MB

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For almost two centuries the Macedonian phalanx, created by Philip II and refined by his son, Alexander the Great, dominated the battlefields of the ancient world from the sweltering riverbanks of India to the wooded hills of Italy. As the preferred weapon of some of antiquitys greatest commanders, this powerful military system took centre stage in many of the largest and most decisive conflicts of ancient times. In Great Battles of the Hellenistic World, Joseph Pietrykowski explores the struggles that shook the ancient world and shaped history. From the structure and composition of the opposing armies, to the strategy of their campaigns, to the leadership decisions and tactics that decided the engagements, Great Battles of the Hellenistic World examines seventeen landmark conflicts from Chaironeia to Pydna over the course of 170 years of bloody warfare

Battlefields from Event to Heritage

Accordingly, the location of ancient (Greek and Roman) and medieval battlefields
within sight of settlements relates to ideas ... The location of early modern battles
away from civilian centres is more difficult to explain, except perhaps in terms of ...

Author : John Carman

Release : 2020-04-23

Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN : 0198857462

File Size : 81.9 MB

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What is -- or makes a place -- a 'historic battlefield'? From one perspective the answer is simple -- it is a place where large numbers of people came together in an organised manner to fight one another at some point in the past. Yet from another perspective it is far more difficult to say. Why any such location is a place of battle rather than any other kind of event, and why it is especially historic, is hard to identify. This book sets out an answer to the question of what a historic battlefield is in the modern imagination, drawing upon examples from prehistory to the 20th century. Treating battles as events in the past and battlefields as places in the present, this book exposes the complexity of the concept of a historic battlefield and how it forms part of a Western understanding of the world. Taking its lead from new developments in battlefield study, especially archaeological approaches, it establishes a means by which these new approaches can contribute to a more radical thinking about war and conflict, especially to Critical Military and Critical Security studies. The book goes beyond the study of battles as separate and unique events to consider what they mean to us and why we need them to have particular characteristics. It will be of interest to archaeologists, historians, and students of modern war in all its forms.

Alexander the Great

Biography of Alexander the Great.

Author : Michael Burgan

Release : 2007

Publisher : Capstone

ISBN : 9780756518721

File Size : 74.81 MB

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Biography of Alexander the Great.

The Greek State at War

The volumes of The Greek State at War are an essential reference for the classical scholar.

Author : W. Kendrick Pritchett

Release : 1985-09-16

Publisher : Univ of California Press

ISBN : 9780520053793

File Size : 38.71 MB

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The volumes of The Greek State at War are an essential reference for the classical scholar. Professor Pritchett has systematically canvassed ancient texts and secondary literature for references to specific topics; each volume explores a unique aspect of Greek military practice.

Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia [3 volumes]

A giant serpent was also seen swimming with the Athenian fleet, which
Pausanias said was a manifestation of the local hero, Cychreus. While no
battlefield apparitions were reported at the battle of Plataea in 479, Herodotus
makes the point ...

Author : Sara E. Phang

Release : 2016-06-27

Publisher : ABC-CLIO

ISBN : 1610690206

File Size : 25.85 MB

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The complex role warfare played in ancient Greek and Roman civilizations is examined through coverage of key wars and battles; important leaders, armies, organizations, and weapons; and other noteworthy aspects of conflict. • Provides an up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of conflict in the ancient Greek and Roman worlds that relates warfare to society, politics, economy, and culture • Examines major wars and other key conflicts; important generals and leaders; and Greek and Roman political, military, social, and cultural institutions • Presents ancillary information, including maps and illustrations; a topically arranged bibliography; sourcebooks of primary sources in translation; and lists of the most interesting "sound bites" attributed to Greek and Roman leaders in ancient times