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Darwinism, Dogma, and Cultural Evolution

Author : C R Hallpike

Release : 2020-05-22

Publisher :

ISBN : 9789527065648

File Size : 25.11 MB

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Neo-Darwinian philosophy postulates that random variation plus selection is sufficient to explain the emergence of order in the natural world. Working from this premise, anthropologists explain vengeance, warfare, cannibalism, and religion on the basis of their survival value, while ignoring the actual historical origins of these human institutions. Dr. Hallpike challenges the assumption that competition between different ways of thinking and acting necessarily selects for the most biologically fit, observing that it is often the mediocre alternative that survives. He suggests that because human beings possess consciousness and free will, scientists should consider human selection, rather than natural selection, as the primary agent driving change in our technologies, institutions, practices, and values. Dr. C. R. Hallpike is an anthropologist who began his career working in the field with the Konso of Ethiopia and Tauade tribes of Papua New Guinea. He has written extensively on diverse topics, including cultural relativism, social evolution, primitive thought, the nature of religion, warfare, moral development, and the origins of modern science.

Evolution: Really?

CULTURAL STUDIES Why is it that 150 years after the celebrated appearance of
Charles Darwin's evolutionary vision, ... Here is a challenge to encourage
students' free inquiry into Darwinian doctrine and cultural influence free of dogma
and ...

Author : Richard Terrell

Release : 2011-04-19

Publisher : WestBow Press

ISBN : 1449713505

File Size : 86.70 MB

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Why is it that 150 years after the celebrated appearance of Charles Darwins evolutionary vision, reasonable peoplelaity and professional scientists alikeremain skeptical toward it? Does Darwinian science, as various new atheists assert, nullify the rationality of theistic belief? What is the nature of Evolutionism as a worldview with religious implications? Author Richard Terrell explores these fundamental questions and more, from the standpoint of the Humanities, arguing that the issues of lifes origin, human nature, and human destiny call for a larger arena of discussion than can be provided by science alone. He rejects popular notions that science has put an irrefutable barrier in the path of theistic belief, and casts light on how the evolutionary vision of lifeexpressed as scientific materialismconstitutes a religious worldview of its own with questionable implications for the human condition. Along the way, Terrell considers the thoughts of such classic evolutionary thinkers as Ernst Haeckel, Julian Huxley, George Gaylord Simpson, and Theodosius Dobzhansky, along with more contemporary thinks like Richard Dawkins and other new atheists. Drawing upon the rich historical storehouse of affirmation and skepticism concerning Darwinism, Terrell argues that opposition to Darwinian beliefs is not confined to religious objections, but that the most serious challenges have come from scientists. Surprisingly, this minority report has existed through all the years of Darwinian cultural ascendancy, and is gaining in strength today. Here is a challenge to encourage students free inquiry into Darwinian doctrine and cultural influence free of dogma and intimidation.

The Literary and Cultural Reception of Charles Darwin in Europe

Thus did the Italian Darwin celebrations of 1909 unfold in such a restrictive
atmosphere. ... Even if evolution was not a dogma, Darwin remained a superb
pillar 'in the history of the march toward the conquest of truth' (Cermenati 1910,
632).

Author : Thomas F. Glick

Release : 2014-05-22

Publisher : A&C Black

ISBN : 1780937229

File Size : 38.38 MB

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Beyond his pivotal place in the history of scientific thought, Charles Darwin's writings and his theory of evolution by natural selection have also had a profound impact on art and culture and continue to do so to this day. The Literary and Cultural Reception of Charles Darwin in Europe is a comprehensive survey of this enduring cultural impact throughout the continent. With chapters written by leading international scholars that explore how literary writers and popular culture responded to Darwin's thought, the book also includes an extensive timeline of his cultural reception in Europe and bibliographies of major translations in each country.

Evolution and Human Behavior

The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, ...

Author : John Cartwright

Release : 2000

Publisher : MIT Press

ISBN : 9780262531702

File Size : 57.35 MB

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The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

Brain and Mind

Searle: Do the evolutionists here accept the extension of the idea of Darwinian
evolution to cover cultural evolution? Trevarthen: Yes. ... Dogmatic monism can
be just as much an obstacle to evolutionary thinking as dogmatic dualism. It may
be ...

Author : G. E. W. Wolstenholme

Release : 2009-09-16

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 047071820X

File Size : 46.8 MB

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The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Darwinism and Evolutionary Economics

Darwinism: Questioning. Received. Wisdom. Lamarck for Biology? Clearly not.
The prevailing view in modern biology is that Lamarckian ... of a gene-like
immutability in the ideas directing cultural evolution, including, in a broad sense,
technological and scientific progress. ... In fact neo-Darwinism has been so
successful that one of its pillars, the central dogma, is commonly thought an
unassailable truth.

Author : John Laurent

Release : 2001-01-01

Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN : 1843762943

File Size : 57.90 MB

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This outstanding collection of essays by leading scholars helps explain how evolutionary economics has come of age. They show how evolutionary economics offers a progressive and diverse research agenda built on strong foundations. These are essays of lasting value. J. Stanley Metcalfe, University of Manchester, UK Darwinism is fast becoming an orthodoxy of modern thought, a framework within which a wide range of knowledge communities conduct their discourse. Ever since its formation, Darwinian theory has experienced a close, though not always comfortable, association with economics. Evolutionary economists now appear to show little concern for the consistency of knowledge in their embrace of Darwinism. Darwinism and Evolutionary Economics brings together contributions from eminent authors who, building on Darwin s own insights and on developments in evolutionary theory, offer challenging views on how economics can use evolutionary ideas effectively. This collection of critical essays provides a thorough examination of the application of Darwinian theory to economic thought, and will appeal to evolutionary economists and all those with an interest in Darwin, innovation and evolutionary science.

Economic Philosophy and American Problems

Later we will discuss the dangers and limitations of the use of Darwin's ideas in
application to cultural evolution. ... "Survival of the fittest" was an essential
foundation of Darwin's work, and it is certain that this doctrine would be available,
past ...

Author : Floyd B. McFarland

Release : 1991

Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN : 9780847676705

File Size : 72.19 MB

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'...invites readers to re-examine their own paradigmatic assumptions and rethink the causes and cures for the malaise that is pervasive in our political economy.'-Rick Tilman, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Evolution and "the Sex Problem"

The Harlem Renaissance played an important part in American culture's
exploration of evolutionary thought. ... power of fluid evolutionary change, Darwin
disputed not only the dogma that absolute race distinctions were part of biblical
design ...

Author : Bert Bender

Release : 2004

Publisher : Kent State University Press

ISBN : 9780873388092

File Size : 84.1 MB

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A noteworthy investigation of the Darwinian element in American fiction from the realist through the Freudian eras. theories of sexual selection and of the emotions are essential elements in American fiction from the late 1800s through the 1950s, particularly during the Freudian era and the years surrounding the Scopes trial. the Sex Problem, and what resulted was a great diversity of American narratives aligned with either Darwinian or a number of anti-Darwinian theories of evolution. Included are intriguing discussions of works by Frank Norris, Jack London, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, Gertrude Stein, Willa Cather, Sherwood Anderson, F. Scott Fitzgerald, five writers of the Harlem Renaissance, John Steinbeck, and Ernest Hemingway. Among the ideas explored are Darwin's theory of common descent; the question of man's place in nature; the possibility of evolutionary progress; the issues of heredity and eugenics; the Darwinian basis of Freud's theory of sexual repression; the quandary of male violence and the role of female choice in sexual selection; the power of and the problems o rracial and sexual selection; the power of and the problems of racial and sexual difference; and the ecological problems that arose directly from Darwin's theory of evolution. America's major narratives of human life and love and will be appreciated by literary scholars and readers interested in Darwinism and culture.

Doubting Darwin?

would take over anything culture began. But Darwin's commitment to a biological
account of mind and morals ran deeper: not having such a biological account
opened the possibility of divinity ... Contrary to ID creationists,41 evolutionary
theory does not owe its acceptance to dogmatic belief or some other irrational
factor.

Author : Sahotra Sakar

Release : 2009-02-04

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1405181508

File Size : 90.71 MB

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Noted biologist and philosopher Sahotra Sarkar exposes the frauds and fallacies of Intelligent Design Theory, and its claim to be ‘good science’. A scientific and philosophical exploration of the debate between evolutionary theory and Intelligent Design in the classroom Puts the debate into its scientific and historical context Looks at a variety of topics, including the relation between Darwinism and modern evolutionary theory, the use of computer science and information theory by the creationists, and the idea of metaphysical naturalism Rejects Intelligent Design’s claim to legitimacy, showing clearly how and why it is an unsuitable alternative to evolutionary biology in the classroom A thought-provoking book for those seeking to understand an intellectual debate that is shaping our education policies Forms part of the provocative and timely Blackwell Public Philosophy series

Evolution and Human Values

Two CULTURAL BEING OR BIOLOGICAL BEING : THE " IMPLICATIONS " OF
MODERN BIOLOGY Howard L . Kaye ... Some see in the dogmas of Darwinism
and molecular biology the ultimate ground of objective truth , towards which the ...

Author : Robert Wesson

Release : 1995

Publisher : Rodopi

ISBN : 9789051838305

File Size : 45.48 MB

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Initiated by Robert Wesson, Evolution and Human Values is a collection of newly written essays designed to bring interdisciplinary insight to that area of thought where human evolution intersects with human values. The disciplines brought to bear on the subject are diverse - philosophy, psychiatry, behavioral science, biology, anthropology, psychology, biochemistry, and sociology. Yet, as organized by co-editor Patricia A. Williams, the volume falls coherently into three related sections. Entitled Evolutionary Ethics, the first section brings contemporary research to an area first explored by Herbert Spencer. Evolutionary ethics looks to the theory of evolution by natural selection to find values for human living. The second section, Evolved Ethics, discusses the evolution of language and religion and their impact on moral thought and feeling. Evolved ethics was partly Charles Darwin's subject in The Descent of Man. The last section bears the title Scientific Ethics. A nascent field, scientific ethics asks about the evolution of human nature and the implications of that nature for ethical theory and social policy. Together, the essays collected here provide important contemporary insights into what it is - and what it may be - to be human.

Belgian Journal of Zoology

What is called ' cultural evolution ' is in fact evolution the software way ' and
happens primarily according to the rules of a second , as yet only partially
defined dogma ( for a sketchy outline of this second dogma , see De LOOF , 2002
) , that deals with the processing of cognitive information . ... microevolution ) as
originally suggested by Darwin ' s “ The Origin of species by means of natural
selection or the ...

Author :

Release : 2003

Publisher :

ISBN :

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Veblenism

... adequate to account for biological development and for cultural development
as well , ” possesses its dogmatic feature ... Here , let it be briefly observed that
Veblen advances his basic empiricism in the new mould of Darwinism which
rather ...

Author : Lev E. Dobriansky

Release : 1957

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 33.8 MB

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Evolution

These are words used in dogmatic belief systems, not in science. If scientists ...
What Darwin provided was a theory that included a mechanism for evolution he
called natural selection. There has ... In most cultures, religious beliefs provide ...

Author : Donald R. Prothero

Release : 2007-11-06

Publisher : Columbia University Press

ISBN : 0231511426

File Size : 32.46 MB

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Over the past twenty years, paleontologists have made tremendous fossil discoveries, including fossils that mark the growth of whales, manatees, and seals from land mammals and the origins of elephants, horses, and rhinos. Today there exists an amazing diversity of fossil humans, suggesting we walked upright long before we acquired large brains, and new evidence from molecules that enable scientists to decipher the tree of life as never before. The fossil record is now one of the strongest lines of evidence for evolution. In this engaging and richly illustrated book, Donald R. Prothero weaves an entertaining though intellectually rigorous history out of the transitional forms and series that dot the fossil record. Beginning with a brief discussion of the nature of science and the "monkey business of creationism," Prothero tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution. He covers the ingredients of the primordial soup, the effects of communal living, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, the mammalian explosion, and the leap from chimpanzee to human. Prothero pays particular attention to the recent discovery of "missing links" that complete the fossil timeline and details the debate between biologists over the mechanisms driving the evolutionary process. Evolution is an absorbing combination of firsthand observation, scientific discovery, and trenchant analysis. With the teaching of evolution still an issue, there couldn't be a better moment for a book clarifying the nature and value of fossil evidence. Widely recognized as a leading expert in his field, Prothero demonstrates that the transformation of life on this planet is far more awe inspiring than the narrow view of extremists.

The Evolving God

What is less well known is that Darwin developed his own ideas about the
evolution of religion. ... We begin with his global voyage, where his encounter
with human religious and cultural diversity transformed his understanding of
religion. ... Though he grew skeptical of traditional Christian dogma, Darwin
made eye-opening discoveries concerning the role and function of religion as a
natural evolutionary ...

Author : J. David Pleins

Release : 2013-06-06

Publisher : A&C Black

ISBN : 1623562473

File Size : 37.68 MB

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Offers a new appreciation of Darwin as a religion thinker and a better understanding of his positive contributions to the study of religion.

Personal Reality, Volume 2

God or matter?--there is a third choice: the emergence of life and human persons. This is the only way to defend our freedoms and the Christian moral dynamism of free Western societies.

Author : Daniel Paksi

Release : 2019-05-13

Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN : 1532676719

File Size : 34.74 MB

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Western civilization was built on the concept of God. Today modern science, based on the critical method and so-called objective facts, denies even the existence of our soul. There is only matter: atoms, molecules, and DNA sequences. There is no freedom; there are no well-grounded beliefs. The decline of Western civilization is not the simple consequence of decadence, hedonism, and malevolence. Modern critical science has liberated us from the old dogmas but failed to establish our freedoms, values, and beliefs. However, human knowledge is not objective but personal. We are the children of evolution. Everybody sees the world from his own personal point of view anchored into his/her body. We use our billions-of-years-old evolutionary skills and thousands-of-years-old cultural heritage to recognize and acknowledge the personal facts of our reality, freedom, and most important natural beliefs: respect and speak the truth. In reality, even science itself is based on our personal knowledge. Only our false conceptual dichotomies paralyze our thinking. God or matter?--there is a third choice: the emergence of life and human persons. This is the only way to defend our freedoms and the Christian moral dynamism of free Western societies.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Cultural Geography

First, it is now well known that Darwin culled many of his metaphors from the
prevailing political context of the time. ... made use of theological categories of
understanding to attack special creation and shore up his own theory of evolution
by natural selection. ... The serpentine criss-crossings of biology and ideology –
whether to do with imperial dogma, racial supremacy, eugenic policy, laissez-
faire ...

Author : Nuala C. Johnson

Release : 2013-01-23

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1118384431

File Size : 55.64 MB

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**Named a 2014 Choice Outstanding Academic Title** Combining coverage of key themes and debates from a variety of historical and theoretical perspectives, this authoritative reference volume offers the most up-to-date and substantive analysis of cultural geography currently available. A significantly revised new edition covering a number of new topics such as biotechnology, rural, food, media and tech, borders and tourism, whilst also reflecting developments in established subjects including animal geographies Edited and written by the leading authorities in this fast-developing discipline, and features a host of new contributors to the second edition Traces the historical evolution of cultural geography through to the very latest research Provides an international perspective, reflecting the advancing academic traditions of non-Western institutions, especially in Asia Features a thematic structure, with sections exploring topics such as identities, nature and culture, and flows and mobility

Reconstructing Lilla Cabot Perry - (1889-1933)

As noted previously, by the mid-nineteenth century there was much discontent
with the strict Calvinist dogma of the ... Spencer posited a theory of cultural
evolution, known as “social Darwinism,” which is no longer taken seriously as
science.

Author : Marcia Lynn Soderman-Olson

Release : 2000

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 41.82 MB

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Evolution

... “that by the 1880s its remaining opponents were claiming that Darwinism had
become a blindly accepted dogma carefully. shielded. from. any. serious.
challenge.” During this period, Darwinism also spread throughout the British
Empire, taking root wherever an Anglo culture ... Cuvier's legacy kept
evolutionism at bay in France for a generation, and when it did enter French
science, it did so with a ...

Author : Edward J. Larson

Release : 2006-08-08

Publisher : Modern Library

ISBN : 9781588365385

File Size : 85.58 MB

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“I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.

Evolution: the Grand Experiment

One hundred and fifty years later, Evolution: The Grand Experiment critically examines the viability of Darwin's theory"--

Author : Carl Werner

Release : 2007

Publisher : New Leaf Publishing Group

ISBN : 9780892216819

File Size : 30.60 MB

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Evolution has been dogma for so long that many people consider it a foregone conclusion that life arose by random processes. Evolution: New Discoveries takes the unusual step of bringing together scientists on both sides of this cultural divide to present their findings. The reader is allowed to make up his or her mind as to which view is really supported by the evidence.With over 500 photographs from 50 museums and dinosaur digs, the book is intended for a general audience. It is the product of a 30-year investigation by the author, and the conclusions are so startling, our culture's foundations will be shaken.•Discover Darwin's false mechanism for evolution •Find out whether whales evolved by chance •What is the mystery of the flying reptiles? •Do scientists really understand the evolution of flowering plants? •What are physicists saying about the Big Bang?

The Croatian Economic Development-- Transition Towards the Market Economy

Neo - liberalism creates cultural memes of ideological , cultural , economic , legal
and social indoctrination ... By excluding ethics and ethical principles from
interpretations of theory of natural selection , the neo - liberal doctrine and school
 ...

Author : Ivan Teodorović

Release : 2005

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 29.89 MB

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