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Designing and Conducting Gender, Sex, and Health Research

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research.

Author : John L. Oliffe

Release : 2011-04-18

Publisher : SAGE

ISBN : 1452236550

File Size : 73.14 MB

Format : PDF

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This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Psychopathology in Women

Developing a gender-role socialization scale. In: Oliffe JL, Greaves L, editors.
Designing and conducting gender, sex, and health research. Los Angeles: Sage
Publications Inc; 2012. p. 189–200. Johnson JL, Repta R. Sex and gender:
beyond ...

Author : Margarita Sáenz-Herrero

Release : 2019-07-15

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 3030151794

File Size : 74.68 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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This book examines sex and gender differences in the causes and expression of medical conditions, including mental health disorders. Sex differences are variations attributable to individual reproductive organs and the XX or XY chromosomal complement. Gender differences are variations that result from biological sex as well as individual self-representation which include psychological, behavioural, and social consequences of an individual’s perceived gender. Gender is still a neglected field in psychopathology, and gender differences is often incorrectly used as a synonym of sex differences. A reconsideration of the definition of gender, as the term that subsumes masculinity and femininity, could shed some light on this misperception and could have an effect in the study of health and disease. This second edition of Psychopathology clarifies the anthropological, cultural and social aspects of gender and their impact on mental health disorders. It focuses on gender perspective as a paradigm not only in psychopathology but also in mental health disorders. As such it promotes open mindedness in the definition and perception of symptoms, as well as assumptions about those symptoms, and raises awareness of mental health.

Gender Differences in Technology and Innovation Management

Insights from Experimental Research Alexander Brem, Peter M. Bican, Christine
Wimschneider ... Gendered innovations: How gender analysis contributes to
research. ... Designing and conducting Gender, Sex & Health Research, 3–14.
Gulati ...

Author : Alexander Brem

Release : 2020-04-20

Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN : 3110593955

File Size : 43.95 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi

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Even though the number of working women has steadily increased over the last few years, women are still significantly under-represented in STEM activities (i.e. mathematics, informatics, science and technology). In order to eliminate this under-representation, numerous education policies and corporate initiatives, particularly in the recent past, have been aimed at increasing women's enthusiasm for STEM activities and professions. According to the latest surveys, however, it is clear that these efforts have not yet led to the desired success. Compared to their male counterparts, women continue to do fewer STEM activities. One possible reason for this is that relatively little is yet known about the concrete impact of the above education policies on working with innovation and technology: What are the gender differences between women and men? Is it enough to recognize these differences, or should these differences ideally not only be recognized, but also treated appropriately or even encouraged? This anthology deals with current topics in technology and innovation management against the background of these and other gender-relevant aspects. Empirical analyses and experiments in collaboration with companies from various sectors provide a sound scientific basis on which new results and findings are presented: How do women and men deal with creativity and competition? How are technologies applied and how can differences in access to technology be deduced? Answers to these and other questions help decision-makers in politics and business to proactively use the differences between women and men to motivate women to work in the STEM field and to strengthen them by acknowledging existing differences.

Designing and Conducting Health System Research Projects

1 : Example of compilation sheet ( gender and leprosy ) Nr Symptoms First
reaction ( 10 ) Ec . / domestic Perception of Personal data Sex Age Educ . Marr .
Stigma in reality experienced ( 11 ) Spouse Relatives In - laws Ec . status . now
Comm ...

Author : Corlien M. Varkevisser

Release : 2003

Publisher : IDRC

ISBN : 9789068321494

File Size : 67.43 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi

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The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada

Why Put Gender and Sex into Health Research? In J. L. Oliffe & L. Greaves (Eds.)
, Designing and Conducting Gender, Sex and Health Research, (pp. 3-13). (
Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.). World Health Organization. (2002).

Author : Chief Public Health Officer (Canada)

Release : 2012

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 75.83 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi

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The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Healthcare

Researchers thus started to realize that sex differences and gender effects were
crucial in health research. ... anuptodate insightinto what new researchdata have
been produced bysex and gendersensitive research designs; the examples ...

Author : E. Kuhlmann

Release : 2012-06-26

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 1137295406

File Size : 26.52 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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An authoritative, state-of-the-art collection that brings together key experts to provide an overview of the field. This new paperback edition includes 3 new chapters on human resources and health, end-of-life care and complementary and alternative medicine as well as thorough updates to the introduction and conclusion.

Ethical Challenges in Study Design and Informed Consent for Health Research in Resource-poor Settings

Researchers in biomedicine, public health, and the social and behavioural
sciences confront the challenging task of ... conducting research on HIV
prevention in culturally diverse settings requires local knowledge about gender
roles and the ...

Author : Patricia A. Marshall

Release : 2007

Publisher : World Health Organization

ISBN : 9241563389

File Size : 79.83 MB

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This review considers ethical challenges to research design and informed consent in biomedical and behavioral studies conducted in resource-poor settings. A review of the literature explores relevant social, cultural, and ethical issues in the conduct of biomedical and social health research in developing countries. Ten case vignettes illustrate ethical challenges that arise in international research with culturally diverse populations. Recommendations for researchers and policy-makers concerned about ethical practices in multinational studies conducted in resource-poor settings are also listed.

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Committee on
Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender ... Conducting studies that account
for sex differences might require innovative designs, methods, and model
systems, all of ...

Author : Institute of Medicine

Release : 2001-08-02

Publisher : National Academies Press

ISBN : 0309072816

File Size : 33.16 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Qualitative Methods in Public Health

A Field Guide for Applied Research Priscilla R. Ulin, Elizabeth T. Robinson,
Elizabeth E. Tolley ... and behavioral aspects of public health fall into one or
another ofthese categories and hence frequently call for qualitative designs. ... for
planning and conducting qualitative research in health and behavior, including
but not limited to sexual and reproductive health. ... Qualitative Methods in Public
Health emphasizes the importance of addressing gender issues in research on
sexual and ...

Author : Priscilla R. Ulin

Release : 2012-07-05

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1118429478

File Size : 40.69 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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Qualitative Methods in Public Health is a comprehensive resource that presents practical strategies and methods for using qualitative research and includes the basic logic and rationale for making qualitative research decisions. This important book outlines the complexities, advantages, and limitations of qualitative methods and offers information and step-by-step procedures for every phase of research3⁄4from theory to study design, data collection, analysis, interpretation, writing, and dissemination. Written for faculty, students, and practitioners in public health research, promotion, and education Qualitative Methods in Public Health will help those with prior research experience expand their repertoire to include qualitative methods. The book also contains up-to-date illustrations from a wealth of topics such as reproductive choice, sexual risk and protection, gender relations, and other areas critical to understanding population, health, and disease. Qualitative Methods in Public Health includes Examples of mixed qualitative-quantitative research design Guidelines for discussions, sample budgets, and caveats for planning and implementing focus groups Sample agenda for training interviewers A summary of needed critical appraisal skills Tips on where to publish the results Sample brochure to share qualitative study findings with participating communities A comprehensive index

Women and Addiction

research. Design. and. Methodology. in. Studies. of. Women. and. addiction.
Stephanie Collins reed, phD Suzette M. evans, phD Sex is a factor often
overlooked with respect to preclinical human drug abuse research, despite ... up
30% of substance abuse treatment admissions (Substance Abuse and Mental
Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2007). ... issues that need to be
considered when designing or conducting human laboratory research,
particularly studies that involve ...

Author : Kathleen T. Brady

Release : 2009-04-02

Publisher : Guilford Press

ISBN : 160623403X

File Size : 50.76 MB

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For many years, addiction research focused almost exclusively on men. Yet scientific awareness of sex and gender differences in substance use disorders has grown tremendously in recent decades. This volume brings together leading authorities to review the state of the science and identify key directions for research and clinical practice. Concise, focused chapters illuminate how biological and psychosocial factors influence the etiology and epidemiology of substance use disorders in women; their clinical presentation, course, and psychiatric comorbidities; treatment access; and treatment effectiveness. Prevalent substances of abuse are examined, as are issues facing special populations.

The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People

Additionally, the committee will consider research training needs to foster the
advancement of knowledge about LGBT health and ... networks; the impact of
family and social acceptance of sexual orientation, gender identity, and
expression on health and wellbeing; and ... challenges, including definitional and
measurement issues, and study design issues involved in conducting research
on the health of ...

Author : Institute of Medicine

Release : 2011-06-24

Publisher : National Academies Press

ISBN : 0309210658

File Size : 77.8 MB

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At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals--often referred to under the umbrella acronym LGBT--are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. While LGBT populations often are combined as a single entity for research and advocacy purposes, each is a distinct population group with its own specific health needs. Furthermore, the experiences of LGBT individuals are not uniform and are shaped by factors of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographical location, and age, any of which can have an effect on health-related concerns and needs. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People assesses the state of science on the health status of LGBT populations, identifies research gaps and opportunities, and outlines a research agenda for the National Institute of Health. The report examines the health status of these populations in three life stages: childhood and adolescence, early/middle adulthood, and later adulthood. At each life stage, the committee studied mental health, physical health, risks and protective factors, health services, and contextual influences. To advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, the report finds that researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People is a valuable resource for policymakers, federal agencies including the National Institute of Health (NIH), LGBT advocacy groups, clinicians, and service providers.

Rethinking Gender and Sexuality in Childhood

... of researchers has been conducting a survey of teen sexual health. They invite
local youth to participate as equal partners in the research process, from the
earliest design stages developing the survey questionnaire through data
collection, ...

Author : Emily W. Kane

Release : 2012-12-06

Publisher : A&C Black

ISBN : 1441190570

File Size : 35.55 MB

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Rethinking Gender and Sexuality in Childhood explores gender and sexuality in children's lives, from early childhood through adolescence, bringing together key inter-disciplinary perspectives. Kane explores how childhood gender and sexuality are constructed, resisted, and refined within children's peer cultures, within social institutions like the family, education, and media and the role the state holds in structuring children's lives - defining their rights and opportunities through gender and sexuality-related policies and programs. Examples of research, interviews, activities, key points and guidance on further reading encourage the reader to actively engage with the material and to develop a critical relationship with the content. Rethinking Gender and Sexuality in Childhood is essential for those studying childhood at undergraduate and graduate level and of great interest to those working with children in any field.

Intervention Research

Designing, Conducting, Analyzing, and Funding Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk,
PhD, APRN-CNP, FAANP, FNAP, FAAN, Dianne ... For a woman who believes
that health is determined by actions in a previous lifetime (karma), eating of hot or
cold ... Here, the focus is on gender as defined by biological sex—male or female
.

Author : Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/ PMHNP, FNAP, FAAN

Release : 2012-04-23

Publisher : Springer Publishing Company

ISBN : 0826109586

File Size : 55.50 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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2012 First Place AJN Book of the Year Award Winner in Nursing Research! "This is a resource for success and should be a part of any researcher's library."--Doody's Medical Reviews This book is a practical, user-friendly guide for health care researchers across multiple disciplines who are involved in intervention research. It provides all of the essential elements needed for understanding how to design, conduct, analyze, and fund intervention studies that are replicable and can withstand the scrutiny of the Institutional Review Board and peer review. Developed from an annual continuing education workshop on intervention studies conducted by Dr. Melnyk, this text is the most comprehensive body of information available on this topic. Contributors address the design of interventions that are ethically considerate and sensitive to culture, race/ethnicity, and gender, minimizing threats to external and internal validity, measurement, and budgeting. The guide explores such implementation issues as subject recruitment and retention, data management, and specialized settings, cost analysis, and explaining intervention effects. The text also guides readers in writing grant applications that fund , and addresses how to move intervention study findings into the real world. A unique addition to the book is the availability of digital examples of progress reports, final reports, and research grant applications that have received funding from the National Institutes of Health and other relevant organizations. This text is a valuable resource for all health care professionals conducting research and for doctoral students in health care studies. Key Features: Presents the essential tools for designing, conducting, analyzing, and funding intervention studies Designed for use by health care professionals conducting intervention research Provides comprehensive, accessible guidelines for doctoral students across all health care disciplines Instructs readers on writing grant applications that fund Includes digital examples of funded research grants, progress reports, and final reports

Handbook for Conducting Research on Human Sexuality

This book is intended as a reference tool for researchers and students interested in human sexuality from a variety of disciplines, including psychology, sociology, family science, health communication, nursing, medicine, and anthropology.

Author : Michael W. Wiederman

Release : 2012-12-06

Publisher : Psychology Press

ISBN : 1135663408

File Size : 38.89 MB

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Human sexuality researchers often find themselves faced with questions that entail conceptual, methodological, or ethical issues for which their professional training or prior experience may not have prepared them. The goal of this handbook is to provide that guidance to students and professionals interested in the empirical study of human sexuality from behavioral and social scientific perspectives. It provides practical and concrete advice about conducting human sexuality research and addresses issues inherent to both general social scientific and specific human sexuality research. This comprehensive resource offers a unique multidisciplinary examination of the specific methodological issues inherent in conducting human sexuality research. The methodological techniques and advances that are familiar to researchers trained in one discipline are often unfamiliar to researchers from other disciplines. This book is intended to help enrich the communication between the various disciplines involved in human sexuality research. Each of the 21 self-standing chapters provides an expert overview of a particular area of research methodology from a variety of academic disciplines. It addresses those issues unique to human sexuality research, such as: * how to measure sexuality variables; * how to design studies, recruit participants, and collect data; * how to consider cultural and ethical issues; and * how to perform and interpret statistical analyses. This book is intended as a reference tool for researchers and students interested in human sexuality from a variety of disciplines, including psychology, sociology, family science, health communication, nursing, medicine, and anthropology.

Promoting Young People's Sexual Health

Mohamed M. Ali is a statistician in the Department of Reproductive Health and
Research at WHO, conducting clinical trials ... His doctorate is in child and
adolescent development, and he has coordinated research and program
development in gender socialisation and sexual and reproductive health in Latin
... Her research focuses on the design and evaluation of community-based health
interventions.

Author : Roger Ingham

Release : 2006

Publisher :

ISBN : 9780415374835

File Size : 80.33 MB

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Key discussions and valuable contributions on different aspects of sexual and reproductive health among young people are brought together here in one single volume.

Qualitative Methods in Public Health

Careful study design and data management are critical, and it's important to resist drawing conclusions that the data cannot support. This book shows you how to conduct high-quality qualitative research that stands up to review.

Author : Elizabeth E. Tolley

Release : 2016-05-09

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 111883450X

File Size : 26.85 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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"Qualitative Methods in Public Health, Second Edition, like its predecessor, is a comprehensive introduction and guide that is rich in practical strategies and methods. It provides a thorough yet simple explanation of the logic and rationale for qualitative approaches, with step-by-step procedures for every phase of research, such as focussing on a theory, study design, data collection, analysis, interpretation, writing, and dissemination. Written for faculty, students, and practitioners in public health research, promotion, and education, the book will be useful to both new and seasoned researchers, thanks to its vast selection of sample forms and illustrative appendices. Basic tools include guidlelines for discussions, sample budgets, and caveats for planning and implementing focus groups, and forms. This edition is greatly expanded with examples and applications from global health, cases specifically illustrating study design, web and mobile technologies, mixing of methods, and new innovations in dissemination. Pedagogical toosl to enrich teaching and learning have also been added to each chapter. The authors are all researchers with Family Health International, the renowned nonprofit organization for public health and international development"--

Toward Equity in Health

... is designed to (1) review current research on HIV prevention for couples and
highlight the rationale for conducting couple-based intervention research; (2)
describe the process of designing Project Connect, a cultural- and gender-
specific ...

Author : Barbara C. Wallace, PhD

Release : 2007-11-26

Publisher : Springer Publishing Company

ISBN : 9780826103680

File Size : 61.12 MB

Format : PDF

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This essential collection presents a state-of-the-art framework for how workers in public health and related disciplines should conceptualize health disparities and how they should be addressed worldwide. The contributors, who are leading public health professionals, educators, and practitioners in complimentary fields advance new evidence-based models designed to mobilize and educate the next generation of research and practice. The resulting chapters articulate new theory, procedures, and policies; the legacy of racism; community-based participatory research; new internet technology; training community workers and educators; closing the education and health gap; and addressing the needs of special populations. Toward Equity in Health is an essential book for all who are working toward global health equity-whether in health education, health promotion, disease prevention, public health, the health care delivery system, or patient- and population level health.

Research Methods in Health Promotion

One example would be matching adolescents enrolled inatwoarm
sexualriskreduction intervention onalcohol and drug useprior to randomization
into groups. ... Withinhealthpromotion research, often the use of this design
involvesthe site versusindividual subjects astheunitof ... The matching
characteristics were whether or not therewasa smoking policyanda cafeteria,size
of the worksite, gender ...

Author : Richard A. Crosby

Release : 2011-01-31

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1118046730

File Size : 35.6 MB

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Research Methods in Health Promotion provides students (advanced undergraduate and graduate students) and practitioners with basic knowledge and skills regarding the design, implementation, analysis, and interpretation of research in the field of health promotion. Taking the perspective that research involves a predetermined series of well-defined steps, the book presents these steps in a sequential format.