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Experimental Methods in Psychology

This text focuses on the experimental methods and the associated terminology encountered in the research literature of psychology.

Author : Gustav Levine

Release : 2014-03-05

Publisher : Psychology Press

ISBN : 131778104X

File Size : 50.30 MB

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This text focuses on the experimental methods and the associated terminology encountered in the research literature of psychology. Initially, the content is kept simple, so as not to distract from the information on research technique and philosophy. Interesting psychological questions from well researched areas are then examined in detail, permitting a fuller discussion of the problems encountered in specific paradigms. It is in this fashion that the book offers both methods and content. Unique features of this text include: * a detailed discussion of the process of theorizing, coupled with a close examination of psychological constructs, offers the reader an opportunity to see how psychologists think about, develop, and modify their theories, and the part played by research in changing explanations of behavior. * Although it is common for psychologists to be self-conscious in their reasoning, it is uncommon to see an analysis of the logic that they use to draw conclusions. Presenting material that is rarely verbalized but readily acknowledged by experienced researchers, the text contains an overt analysis of the logic of drawing conclusions from research. * Instructors are given a choice among 15 chapters to focus on or combine to suit the course's concentration. For example, instructors have the option of focusing on experimental psychology or a broad-based course including material on research methods in experimental, social, clinical, and applied psychology. * Courses in experimental psychology or research methods are required for every psychology major. Statistical understanding is vital for this curriculum, and this text contains a comprehensive chapter on statistics making it ideal for courses that combine statistics and experimental methods. Other important coverage includes: * an all-inclusive summary of the material found in an introductory statistics class. Although courses in research methods and experimental psychology usually have a statistics prerequisite, the students rarely remember the material when entering the research course. This text provides the instructor with the option of simply assigning the statistics information as a review, rather than repeating the lectures. If the course requirements are such as to necessitate a joint statistics and research methods course -- with the instructor lecturing on both topics -- this text could serve as the single text for the course. A helpful discussion -- accompanied by a valuable table -- demonstrates how to choose an appropriate statistic. All necessary formulas and other familiar statistical procedures -- illustrating computational steps -- are also featured. * a detailed discussion of how to develop tests for use in research. Aside from the value of this information for any researcher, it can be particularly helpful to students who are required to develop original experiments. * an elaborate discussion of methodological issues in outcome research, using smoking cessation and weight reduction programs as examples. Test bank disks for Experimental Methods in Psychology, -- free to adopters -- consist of an average of six short-answer, 11 fill-in-the-blank, and 11 multiple-choice questions for each chapter. The files are in both ASCII and Word-for-Windows formats.

Experimental Methods

Author : Herbert Herman

Release : 1983

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 58.57 MB

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Experimental Methods in Tribology

This is an indespensible guide to both researchers in academia and industry who wish to perform tribological experiments more effectively.

Author : Gwidon Stachowiak

Release : 2004-05-18

Publisher : Elsevier

ISBN : 9780080472737

File Size : 52.54 MB

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This is an indespensible guide to both researchers in academia and industry who wish to perform tribological experiments more effectively. With an extensive range of illustrations which communicate the basic concepts in experimental methods tribology more effectively than text alone. An extensive citation list is also provided at the end of each chapter facilitating a more thorough navigation through a particular subject. * Contains extensive illustrations * Highlights limitations of current techniques

Environmental Economics, Experimental Methods

The experimental method is one commonly applied to issues of environmental economics; this book brings together 63 leading researchers in the area and their latest work exploring the behavioural underpinnings of experimental environmental ...

Author : Todd L. Cherry

Release : 2007-12-20

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1135985758

File Size : 58.78 MB

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The experimental method is one commonly applied to issues of environmental economics; this book brings together 63 leading researchers in the area and their latest work exploring the behavioural underpinnings of experimental environmental economics. The essays in this volume will be illuminating for both researchers and practitioners, specific

Experimental Methods

This primer is the first hands-on guide to the physical aspects of conducting experiments in economics.

Author : Sunder Friedman

Release : 1994-01-28

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 9780521456821

File Size : 80.9 MB

Format : PDF

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This primer is the first hands-on guide to the physical aspects of conducting experiments in economics.

Experimental Methods in Kinetic Studies

In a temperature scanning experiment, where both temperature and
concentrations vary in each run, one must be sure that the range of conditions
that will be covered does not include a transition from a chemical-reaction-
controlled regime to ...

Author : Bohdan Wojciechowski

Release : 2003-02-20

Publisher : Elsevier

ISBN : 9780080531366

File Size : 54.56 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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This book is a guide to kinetic studies of reaction mechanisms. It reviews conventional reactor types and data collection methods, and introduces a new methodology for data collection using Temperature Scanning Reactors (TSR). It provides a theoretical and practical approach to temperature scanning (TS) methodology and supports a revival of kinetic studies as a useful approach to the fundamental understanding of chemical reaction mechanisms and the consequential reaction kinetics. · Describes a new patented technology · Of interest to industrial and academic researchers in the fields of kinetics and catalysis · No existing competitor for this title

Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition Research

Elma Blom, Sharon Unsworth. Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition
Research Language Learning & Language Teaching (LL&LT) The LL&LT
monograph series Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition Research.

Author : Elma Blom

Release : 2010

Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN : 9027219966

File Size : 63.38 MB

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"Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition Research" provides students and researchers interested in language acquisition with comprehensible and practical information on the most frequently used methods in language acquisition research. It includes contributions on first and child/adult second language learners, language-impaired children, and on the acquisition of both spoken and signed language. Part I discusses specific experimental methods, explaining the rationale behind each one, and providing an overview of potential participants, the procedure and data-analysis, as well as advantages and disadvantages and dos and don ts. Part II focuses on comparisons across groups, addressing the theoretical, applied and methodological issues involved in such comparative work. This book will not only be of use to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students, but also to any scholars wishing to learn more about a particular research method. It is suitable as a textbook in postgraduate programs in the fields of linguistics, education and psychology."

Experimental Methods in Survey Research

In summary, this book: Fills a gap in the current literature by successfully combining the subjects of survey methodology and experimental methodology in an effort to maximize both internal validity and external validity Offers a wide range ...

Author : Paul J. Lavrakas

Release : 2019-10-08

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1119083745

File Size : 25.62 MB

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A thorough and comprehensive guide to the theoretical, practical, and methodological approaches used in survey experiments across disciplines such as political science, health sciences, sociology, economics, psychology, and marketing This book explores and explains the broad range of experimental designs embedded in surveys that use both probability and non-probability samples. It approaches the usage of survey-based experiments with a Total Survey Error (TSE) perspective, which provides insight on the strengths and weaknesses of the techniques used. Experimental Methods in Survey Research: Techniques that Combine Random Sampling with Random Assignment addresses experiments on within-unit coverage, reducing nonresponse, question and questionnaire design, minimizing interview measurement bias, using adaptive design, trend data, vignettes, the analysis of data from survey experiments, and other topics, across social, behavioral, and marketing science domains. Each chapter begins with a description of the experimental method or application and its importance, followed by reference to relevant literature. At least one detailed original experimental case study then follows to illustrate the experimental method’s deployment, implementation, and analysis from a TSE perspective. The chapters conclude with theoretical and practical implications on the usage of the experimental method addressed. In summary, this book: Fills a gap in the current literature by successfully combining the subjects of survey methodology and experimental methodology in an effort to maximize both internal validity and external validity Offers a wide range of types of experimentation in survey research with in-depth attention to their various methodologies and applications Is edited by internationally recognized experts in the field of survey research/methodology and in the usage of survey-based experimentation —featuring contributions from across a variety of disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences Presents advances in the field of survey experiments, as well as relevant references in each chapter for further study Includes more than 20 types of original experiments carried out within probability sample surveys Addresses myriad practical and operational aspects for designing, implementing, and analyzing survey-based experiments by using a Total Survey Error perspective to address the strengths and weaknesses of each experimental technique and method Experimental Methods in Survey Research: Techniques that Combine Random Sampling with Random Assignment is an ideal reference for survey researchers and practitioners in areas such political science, health sciences, sociology, economics, psychology, public policy, data collection, data science, and marketing. It is also a very useful textbook for graduate-level courses on survey experiments and survey methodology.

High Pressure Experimental Methods

The properties of materials are altered, sometimes radically, when very high pressures are applied. This book surveys the apparatus available for high pressure studies with a particular emphasis on diamond anvil cells and related equipment.

Author : M. I. Eremets

Release : 1996

Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN : 9780198562696

File Size : 25.13 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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The properties of materials are altered, sometimes radically, when very high pressures are applied. This book surveys the apparatus available for high pressure studies with a particular emphasis on diamond anvil cells and related equipment. It also examines pressure measurement techniques atextreme values. A large part of the book considers the experimental needs and arrangement for studies involving the interaction of high pressures with high and low temperatures, magnetic fields, and shock waves. Optical properties, Brillouin and Raman scattering, infrared spectroscopy, eletronspin and nuclear magnetic resonance at high pressures are also covered.

Experimental Methods in Wastewater Treatment

In addition, information on innovative experimental methods is scattered across scientific literature and only partially available in the form of textbooks or guidelines. This book seeks to address these deficiencies.

Author : Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht

Release : 2016-05-15

Publisher : IWA Publishing

ISBN : 1780404743

File Size : 85.44 MB

Format : PDF

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Over the past twenty years, the knowledge and understanding of wastewater treatment has advanced extensively and moved away from empirically based approaches to a fundamentally-based first principles approach embracing chemistry, microbiology, and physical and bioprocess engineering, often involving experimental laboratory work and techniques. Many of these experimental methods and techniques have matured to the degree that they have been accepted as reliable tools in wastewater treatment research and practice. For sector professionals, especially a new generation of young scientists and engineers entering the wastewater treatment profession, the quantity, complexity and diversity of these new developments can be overwhelming, particularly in developing countries where access to advanced level laboratory courses in wastewater treatment is not readily available. In addition, information on innovative experimental methods is scattered across scientific literature and only partially available in the form of textbooks or guidelines. This book seeks to address these deficiencies. It assembles and integrates the innovative experimental methods developed by research groups and practitioners around the world. Experimental Methods in Wastewater Treatment forms part of the internet-based curriculum in wastewater treatment at UNESCO-IHE and, as such, may also be used together with video records of experimental methods performed and narrated by the authors including guidelines on what to do and what not to do. The book is written for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, laboratory staff, plant operators, consultants, and other sector professionals.

Contrast Agents for MRI

As a practical reference guide for designing and performing experiments, this book focuses on the five most common classes of contrast agents for MRI namely gadolinium complexes, chemical exchange saturation transfer agents, iron oxide ...

Author : Valérie C Pierre

Release : 2017-11-09

Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN : 1788012542

File Size : 56.17 MB

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As a practical reference guide for designing and performing experiments, this book focuses on the five most common classes of contrast agents for MRI namely gadolinium complexes, chemical exchange saturation transfer agents, iron oxide nanoparticles, manganese complexes and fluorine contrast agents. It describes how to characterize and evaluate them and for each class, a description of the theory behind their mechanisms is discussed briefly to orient the new reader. Detailed subchapters discuss the different physical chemistry methods used to characterize them in terms of their efficacy, safety and in vivo behavior. Important consideration is also given to the different physical properties that affect the performance of the contrast agents. The editors and contributors are at the forefront of research in the field of MRI contrast agents and this unique, cutting edge book is a timely addition to the literature in this area.

Using Experimental Methods in Environmental and Resource Economics

Author : John A. List

Release : 2007-01-01

Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN : 1847203043

File Size : 72.47 MB

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This book explores frontier work at the intersection of experimental and environmental economics. It focuses on improving benefit - cost analysis, which remains the hallmark of public policy decision-making around the globe. It also explores important aspects associated with optimal resource use and regulation of resources.

Experimental Methods for Evaluation of Hydrotreating Catalysts

This authoritative volume: Introduces experimental setups used for conducting research studies, such as type of operation, selection of reactor, and analysis of products Features examples focused on the evaluation of different reaction ...

Author : Jorge Ancheyta

Release : 2020-06-08

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1119517990

File Size : 86.29 MB

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Presents detailed information and study cases on experiments on hydrotreating catalysts for the petroleum industry Catalytic hydrotreating (HDT) is a process used in the petroleum refining industry for upgrading hydrocarbon streams—removing impurities, eliminating metals, converting asphaltene molecules, and hydrocracking heavy fractions. The major applications of HDT in refinery operations include feed pretreatment for conversion processes, post-hydrotreating distillates, and upgrading heavy crude oils. Designing HDT processes and catalysts for successful commercial application requires experimental studies based on appropriate methodologies. Experimental Methods for Evaluation of Hydrotreating Catalysts provides detailed descriptions of experiments in different reaction scales for studying the hydrotreating of various petroleum distillates. Emphasizing step-by-step methodologies in each level of experimentation, this comprehensive volume presents numerous examples of evaluation methods, operating conditions, reactor and catalyst types, and process configurations. In-depth chapters describe experimental setup and procedure, analytical methods, calculations, testing and characterization of catalyst and liquid products, and interpretation of experiment data and results. The text describes experimental procedure at different levels of experimentation—glass reactor, batch reactor, continuous stirred tank reactor, and multiple scales of tubular reactors—using model compounds, middle distillates and heavy oil. This authoritative volume: Introduces experimental setups used for conducting research studies, such as type of operation, selection of reactor, and analysis of products Features examples focused on the evaluation of different reaction parameters and catalysts with a variety of petroleum feedstocks Provides experimental data collected from different reaction scales Includes experiments for determining mass transfer limitations and deviation from ideality of flow pattern Presents contributions from leading scientists and researchers in the field of petroleum refining Experimental Methods for Evaluation of Hydrotreating Catalysts is an indispensable reference for researchers and professionals working in the area of catalytic hydrotreating, as well as an ideal textbook for courses in fields such as chemical engineering, petrochemical engineering, and biotechnology.

Experimental Methods in Hydraulic Research

Experimental. and. Computational. Hydraulic. Science. in. a. Unique. Natural.
Laboratory. J.R. Manson, B.O.L. Demars, and ... The aim of this chapter is to
describe our integrated experimental and computational approach and to present
the ...

Author : Paweł Rowiński

Release : 2011-05-03

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9783642174759

File Size : 33.81 MB

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It is clear that hydraulic research is developing beyond traditional civil engineering to satisfy increasing demands in natural hazards assessment and also environmental research. Our ability to describe processes in nature rests on the observation and experimental methods as well as on theoretical basics of various disciplines. Under such conditions experimental methods draw from various areas of human activities and research, i.e. from physics, biology, chemistry, aerospace research, oceanic research etc. The current volume is the result of a meeting that took place during the 30th International School of Hydraulics in Poland and presents both the state-of-the-art and ongoing research projects in which experimental methods play a key role. Authors from numerous leading laboratories and from various countries guarantee a representative sample of different studies at the frontier of the field

Polymer Photodegradation

This book represents the author's attempt, based on his 25 years' experience in research on photodegradation and photo stabilization, to collect and generalize a number of available data on the photodegradation of polymers.

Author : J.F. Rabek

Release : 2012-12-06

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9401112746

File Size : 84.51 MB

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During the last two decades, the production of polymers and plastics has been increasing rapidly. In spite of developing new polymers and polymeric materials, only 40~60 are used commercially on a large scale. It has been estimated that half of the annual production of polymers is employed outdoors. The photochemical instability of most polymers limits their outdoor application as they are photodegraded quickly over periods from months to a few years. To the despair of technologists and consumers alike, photodegradation and environmental ageing of polymers occur much faster than can be expected from knowledge collected in laboratories. In order to improve polymer photostability there has been a very big effort during the last 30 years to understand the mechanisms involved in photodegradation and environmental ageing. This book represents the author's attempt, based on his 25 years' experience in research on photodegradation and photo stabilization, to collect and generalize a number of available data on the photodegradation of polymers. The space limitation and the tremendous number of publications in the past two decades have made a detailed presentation of all important results and data difficult. The author apologizes to those whose work has not been quoted or widely presented in this book. Because many published results are very often contradictory, it has been difficult to present a fully critical review of collected knowledge, without antagonizing authors. For that reason, all available theories, mechanisms and different suggestions have been presented together, and only practice can evaluate which of them are valid.

Experimental Methods in Neuropsychology

Kenneth Hugdahl. (1) © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003
Kenneth Hugdahl (ed.) , Experimental Methods in Neuropsychology,
Neuropsychology and Cognition 21,DOI 10.1007/9781461511632_2 ...

Author : Kenneth Hugdahl

Release : 2012-12-06

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 1461511631

File Size : 53.59 MB

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The present volume aims at presenting a selection of new methods and techniques that may have value for clinical neuropsychology. There is an increasing interest among clinical neuropsychologists regarding new developments in cognitive neuroscience and experimental psychology. This book presents an updated view of recent methodological developments in experimental psychology and clinical neuroscience.

Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research

Experimental. Social. Innovation. Conceptualizing an adequate social policy for
the late 20th and 21st centuries is one ... We will review the most commonly used
research methods so that their contribution to experimental methods for social ...

Author : George W. Fairweather

Release : 2013-10-22

Publisher : Elsevier

ISBN : 1483146529

File Size : 85.32 MB

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Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research explains how experimental methods can be used in social policy research to help solve contemporary human problems and to preserve and improve the world's physical and social climates. This book argues that scientists can make a major contribution to the solution of social problems by aiding the society in incorporating scientific methods into the social decision-making process. Two principal methods required for solving social problems are highlighted: methods for evaluating social models aimed at solving particular problems, and methods for disseminating those models that are beneficial to the state, the region, and the nation. This book is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with the argument that contemporary social policy decision making is inadequate for the late 20th and 21st centuries. It then defines the basic ingredients for an adequate social policy decision-making apparatus and explains how it can be accomplished. The next chapter outlines the basic parameters of social models and dissemination processes from a conceptual point of view. The remaining chapters describe general experimental procedures from the inception of the ideas to the implementation of social models found to be beneficial. The final chapter is reserved for a discussion of a proposed center for experimental social innovation that would provide research and training. This monograph will be a valuable resource for social scientists and researchers as well as social policymakers, public officials, and citizens who are committed to the improvement of living conditions for all members of society.

Experimental Methods

Author : Kirkup

Release : 2002-07-01

Publisher :

ISBN : 9780471338741

File Size : 67.9 MB

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Experimental Methods in Catalytic Research

Since 1935 the experimental methods used in catalytic research have increased
both in number and complexity, so that mastery of all of the techniques available
is difficult. The present treatise provides in a single volume a useful account of ...

Author : Robert B. Anderson

Release : 2013-10-22

Publisher : Academic Press

ISBN : 1483191400

File Size : 55.68 MB

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Experimental Methods in Catalytic Research, Volume I provides a useful account of procedures in various areas of catalytic research. This book describes the method and its fundamental principles, the apparatus used, the data obtained and their interpretation, and the account of the special problems related to catalytic research. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the kinetic phenomena such as quantitative studies of reaction rate and factors influencing rate. This text then examines the general properties that are of major importance to catalysis since catalytic rates depend mainly on available active surface. Other chapters consider the detailed mechanism of any catalytic reaction, which include the electronic structure of the chemisorption bond. This book discusses as well several experimental methods developed to study surface reactions under highly idealized conditions. The final chapter deals with the phenomenon associated with the spin of an electron. This book is a valuable resource for chemical engineers.

Experimental Methods and Instrumentation for Chemical Engineers

Preface. Throughout the day, we constantly make use of experimental methods,
whether or not we are aware of it: we estimate physical properties like time,
distance, and weight, as well as probability and expectation. For example, what is
the ...

Author : Gregory S. Patience

Release : 2013-04-05

Publisher : Newnes

ISBN : 0444538054

File Size : 35.76 MB

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Experimental Methods and Instrumentation for Chemical Engineers is a practical guide for research engineers and students, process engineers and, consultants, and others in the chemical engineering field. This unique book thoroughly describes experimental measurements and instrumentation in the contexts of pressure, temperature, fluid metering, chromatography, and more. Chapters on physico-chemical analysis and analysis of solids and powders are included as well. Throughout the book, the author examines all aspects of engineering practice and research. The principles of unit operations, transport phenomena, and plant design form the basis of this discipline. Experimental Methods and Instrumentation for Chemical Engineers integrates these concepts with statistics and uncertainty analysis to define factors that are absolutely necessary to measure and control, how precisely, and how often. Experimental Methods and Instrumentation for Chemical Engineers is divided into several themes, including the measurement of pressure, temperature flow rate, physico-chemical properties, gas and liquid concentrations and solids properties. Throughout the book, the concept of uncertainty is discussed in context, and the last chapter is dedicated to designing and experimental plan. The theory around the measurement principles is illustrated with examples. These examples include notions related to plant design as well as cost and safety. Contains extensive diagrams, photos, and other illustrations as well as manufacturers' equipment and descriptions with up-to-date, detailed drawings and photos Includes exercises at the end of each chapter, helping the reader to understand the problem by solving practical examples Covers research and plant application, including emerging technologies little discussed in other sources