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From Messiah to Preexistent Son

Aquila Lee proposes that the root of preexistent Son Christology is to be found in early Christian exegesis of the two messianic psalms (the catalyst) in the light of Jesus's self-consciousness of divine sonship and divine mission (the ...

Author : Aquila H. I. Lee

Release : 2009-08-01

Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN : 1606086308

File Size : 26.81 MB

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How did the earliest Christians come to see Jesus as a divine and preexistent being alongside God? Aquila Lee proposes that the root of preexistent Son Christology is to be found in early Christian exegesis of the two messianic psalms (the catalyst) in the light of Jesus's self-consciousness of divine sonship and divine mission (the foundation).

The Preexistent Son

In this challenging book, rising New Testament scholar Simon Gathercole contradicts a commonly held view among biblical scholars -- that the Gospel of John is the only Gospel to give evidence for Jesus' heavenly identity and preexistence.

Author : Simon J. Gathercole

Release : 2006-10-05

Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN : 9780802829016

File Size : 52.70 MB

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In this challenging book, rising New Testament scholar Simon Gathercole contradicts a commonly held view among biblical scholars -- that the Gospel of John is the only Gospel to give evidence for Jesus' heavenly identity and preexistence. The Preexistent Son demonstrates that Matthew, Mark, and Luke were also well aware that the Son of God existed with the Father prior to his earthly ministry. Gathercole supports his argument by considering the "I have come" sayings of Jesus and strikingly similar angelic sayings discovered in Second Temple and Rabbinic literature. Further, he considers related topics such as Wisdom Christology and the titles applied to Jesus in the Synoptic Gospels. Gathercole's carefully researched work should spark debate among Synoptic scholars and extend the understanding of anyone interested in this New Testament question.

Putting Jesus in His Place

A recent study denying any implication of preexistence in these sayings is Aquila
H. I. Lee, From Messiah to Preexistent Son: Jesus' Self- Consciousness andEarly
Christian Exegesis of Messianic Psalms, WUNT 2.192 (Tübingen: Mohr ...

Author : Robert M. Bowman

Release :

Publisher : Kregel Publications

ISBN : 0825497450

File Size : 29.80 MB

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Putting Jesus in His Place is designed to introduce Christians to the wealth of biblical teaching on the deity of Christ and give them the confidence to share the truth about Jesus with others.

King and Messiah as Son of God

Divine, Human, and Angelic Messianic Figures in Biblical and Related Literature
Adela Yarbro Collins, John J. Collins. Composite 140 lpi at 45 ... In the
Similitudes of Enoch, the preexistent Son of Man is presented as the messiah. He
is also ...

Author : Adela Yarbro Collins

Release : 2008-11-03

Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN : 0802807720

File Size : 33.99 MB

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This book traces the history of the idea that the king and later the messiah is Son of God, from its origins in ancient Near Eastern royal ideology to its Christian appropriation in the New Testament. Both highly regarded scholars, Adela Yarbro Collins and John J. Collins argue that Jesus was called "the Son of God" precisely because he was believed to be the messianic king. This belief and tradition, they contend, led to the identification of Jesus as preexistent, personified Wisdom, or a heavenly being in the New Testament canon. However, the titles Jesus is given are historical titles tracing back to Egyptian New Kingdom ideology. Therefore the title "Son of God" is likely solely messianic and not literal. King and Messiah as Son of God is distinctive in its range, spanning both Testaments and informed by ancient Near Eastern literature and Jewish noncanonical literature.

The Messianic Kingship of Jesus

In other words, the Son of Man must be preexisting in order to qualify as the
Messiah. ... is pre-existent, in the sense that he has divine origination, and
therefore the Son ofMan is pre-existent, because the Son of Man is none other
than Jesus.

Author : Sungho Choi

Release : 2011-10-03

Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN : 1621890643

File Size : 77.14 MB

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Identification of the Royal Psalms by Herman Gunkel indicates that the history and genre of the Royal Psalms must be distinguished from the Enthronement Psalms that are written to celebrate Yahweh's Kingship from those written to celebrate Davidic kingship. In reference to this, Joachim Becker argues against the presence of messianic Davidic Psalms in the Old Testament and posits that the initial hope in Davidic kingship died out during the exilic period and consequently centered Israelite faith in Yahweh alone. It may thus be concluded that Yahweh's Kingship effaces the place of the Davidic Messiah. Against this claim, The Messianic Kingship of Jesus argues that the early Christian use of Psalm quotations in particular suggest that the Royal and Enthronement Psalms were viewed as one entity which suggests that Yahweh's reign and Davidic kingship in Jewish-Christian thinking were not antagonistic but mutually complementary. Within the synoptic tradition, Matthew's emphasis on Davidic heritage supports this notion as he applies 'Son of David' to the 'Son of God' and also 'Son of Man.' Therein lies 'paradoxical tension' in the use of the old Jewish Scripture as early Christians, on the one hand, sought to preserve their Jewish legacy but, on the other, creatively employed the Old Testament to support their christological message and the divine attributes of Jesus expressed in the Gospel. The entire process of quotation by Matthew generates one of the major characteristics of Judeo-Christian religiosity; namely, the manifestation of divine redemptive activity in the history of Israel.

The Messiah of the Gospels

The Messianic prophet is a sin - bearer , a trespass - offering , ' the means of
forgiveness ; but the authority of forgive . ness is ever ... Jesus indeed carries out
the idea of the pre - existent Son of Man implied in Daniel ; but instead of
teaching a ...

Author : Charles Augustus Briggs

Release : 1894

Publisher :

ISBN :

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Jesus the Messiah in the Hebrew Bible

JESUS THE MESSIAH IN THE HEBREW BIBLE deals with the messianic texts found in the Hebrew Bible. Shifting away from conventional paradigms, Eugen Pentiuc develops a new way of understanding the presence of Christ in the Old Testament.

Author : Eugen J. Pentiuc

Release : 2006

Publisher : Paulist Press

ISBN : 9780809143467

File Size : 75.74 MB

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JESUS THE MESSIAH IN THE HEBREW BIBLE deals with the messianic texts found in the Hebrew Bible. Shifting away from conventional paradigms, Eugen Pentiuc develops a new way of understanding the presence of Christ in the Old Testament. His approach is ontological, based on the view that Jesus the Messiah was pre-existent, and he appeared in manifold forms throughout the Hebrew Bible prior to his human incarnation in the New Testament. This book provides an accurate exegetical basis for reviewing the prophetic indicators--"as well as the literary explications--"of the relationship between the Old Testament prophecy and the New Testament fulfillment of Jesus the Messiah. Intended as primarily a pastoral work, based on theology and biblical exegesis, it contains' homelitic outlines and samples. Also included are the church Fathers' writings on the most important issues of hermeneutics. This book is a work of exegesis and biblical theology entwined with pastoral guidance. It will be a useful tool for both ministers and faithful in their quest of Christ in the Old Testament.

Enoch and the Messiah Son of Man

The unusual and compelling collection of essays found here reflects the spirit of sharing and dialogue that has made these seminars so popular and intriguing to scholars throughout the world.This third collection of essays from these ...

Author : Gabriele Boccaccini

Release : 2007

Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN : 0802803776

File Size : 31.55 MB

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Distinguished in the field of Enochic studies, Gabriele Boccaccini led the way in June 2005 at the Third Enoch Seminar, entirely devoted to the Book of Parables in light of Second Temple Judaism and Christian origins. The unusual and compelling collection of essays found here reflects the spirit of sharing and dialogue that has made these seminars so popular and intriguing to scholars throughout the world.This third collection of essays from these historic meetings contains the observations and contemplations of forty-four scholars, includes a helpful introduction by Boccaccini detailing the history of the movement, and ends with likely prospects for future research and an extensive bibliography compiled by associate editor Jason von Ehrenkrook for further study.Enoch and the Messiah Son of Man will be a significant contribution for the understanding and discussion of ancient Judaism.

The Apocalyptic Son of Man in the Gospel of John

(7) God calls the Messiah 'my Servant' (70.9), an Isaianic description (Isa 49.6)
also used of the 'one like a son of man' by ... Further, 2 Baruch depicts the
Danielic son of man as more obviously messianic and preexistent than any of the
works ...

Author : Benjamin E. Reynolds

Release : 2008

Publisher : Mohr Siebeck

ISBN : 9783161497261

File Size : 73.17 MB

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The title 'Son of Man' in the Gospel of John is an apocalyptic reference that highlights, among a number of things, that Jesus is a heavenly figure. Benjamin E. Reynolds analyzes the background of 'Son of Man' from the 'one like a son of man' in Daniel 7 and the interpretations of this figure in Jewish apocalyptic and early Christian literature. Although there is no established 'Son of Man concept', the Danielic son of man is interpreted with common characteristics that suggest there was at least some general understanding of this figure in the Second Temple period. The author shows that these common characteristics are noticeable throughout the Son of Man sayings in John's Gospel. The context and the interpretation of these sayings point to an understanding of the Johannine Son of Man similar to those in the interpretations of the Danielic figure. However, even though these similarities exist, the Johannine figure is distinct from the previous interpretations, just as they are distinct from one another. One obvious difference is the present reality of the Son of Man's role in judgment and salvation. The Johannine Son of Man is an apocalyptic figure, and thus 'Son of Man' does not function to draw attention to Jesus' humanity in the Gospel of John. Nor is the title synonymous with 'Son of God'. 'Son of Man' may overlap in meaning with other titles, particularly 'Son of God' and 'Messiah', but 'Son of Man' points to aspects of Jesus' identity that are not indicated by any other title. Along with the other titles, it helps to present a richer Christological portrait of the Johannine Jesus.

The Messiah

A Comparative Study of the Enochic Son of Man and the Pauline Kyrios James A.
Waddell. In some ... He is also a preexistent heavenly messiah ... Taken together,
these are what should lead us to conclude that “Son of Man” is a title in BP.

Author : James A. Waddell

Release : 2011-09-01

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN : 0567420116

File Size : 50.85 MB

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This volume discusses conceptual elements of messianic traditions that are identified in the Parables of Enoch and the Letters of Paul by examining the nature and functions of the divine figure and of the messiah figure. Comparative analysis presented here demonstrates that the Parables of Enoch and the Letters of Paul share specific conceptual elements of messianic traditions. The combination of shared elements is so striking as to preclude the possibility that the Parables of Enoch and the Letters of Paul constituted independent, parallel developments. It cannot be claimed, however, that Paul was familiar with the text of the Parables of Enoch; there are no direct quotes of the Parables anywhere in Paul's Letters. Waddell does however show that Paul was familiar with the conceptual elements of the Enochic messiah, and that Paul developed his concept of the Kyrios out of the Son of Man traditions in the Book of the Parables of Enoch. Waddell specifically argues Pauline christology was at the very least heavily influenced by Enochic Son of Man traditions.

The Concept of the Messiah in the Scriptures of Judaism and Christianity

The Outcome of the Son of Man's Role The Son of Man will be seated on God's
throne (1 En. 51:3; 69:27). ... The resurrection of the righteous dead and the
setting-up of the Messianic kingdom will occur “on the appearance of the
Messiah [a Lamb]. ... Conclusion In the texts of this period, a pre-existent
heavenly Son of Man ...

Author : Shirley Lucass

Release : 2011-09-15

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN : 0567540936

File Size : 63.49 MB

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In this title, Shirley Lucass examines the history of the concept of messiah in biblical, and post-biblical traditions. For 2000 years, Judaism and Christianity have been at odds with one another. The problem at the heart of the division is the concept of messiah. Shirley Lucass looks directly at the concept of messiah from an historical perspective and examines its roots in ancient Jewish literature, and its development within the Christian tradition, aiming not only to trace the biblical and extra-biblical developments of the concept, but to outline a platform for religious dialogue. Lucass begins with a survey of methodological approaches, and then moves on to consider the origins of the messiah concept in ancient near eastern kingship, the 'anointed' in the Second Temple period and the messiah as outlined in the New Testament and in post 70 CE Messianism. Lucass contends that the New Testament concept of messiah is not inconsistent with, nor incompatible with the Jewish antecedent traditions, and it is this conclusion which enables her to present a valuable chapter on the implications of this study for inter-religious dialogue.

Lord Jesus Christ

Messiah and Son of God As I noted earlier, John 20:30-31 is commonly regarded
by scholars as the climactic ... in the story is who this Messiah really is (the
preexistent, divine Son), and from whencehe really comes (God), as reflected in,
e.g., ...

Author : Larry W. Hurtado

Release : 2005-09-14

Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN : 9780802831675

File Size : 32.41 MB

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This outstanding book provides an in-depth historical study of the place of Jesus in the religious life, beliefs, and worship of Christians from the beginnings of the Christian movement down to the late second century. Lord Jesus Christ is a monumental work on earliest Christian devotion to Jesus, sure to replace Wilhelm Bousset s Kyrios Christos (1913) as the standard work on the subject. Larry Hurtado, widely respected for his previous contributions to the study of the New Testament and Christian origins, offers the best view to date of how the first Christians saw and reverenced Jesus as divine. In assembling this compelling picture, Hurtado draws on a wide body of ancient sources, from Scripture and the writings of such figures as Ignatius of Antioch and Justin to apocryphal texts such as the Gospel of Thomas and the Gospel of Truth. Hurtado considers such themes as early beliefs about Jesus divine status and significance, but he also explores telling devotional practices of the time, including prayer and worship, the use of Jesus name in exorcism, baptism and healing, ritual invocation of Jesus as Lord, martyrdom, and lesser-known phenomena such as prayer postures and the curious scribal practice known today as the nomina sacra. The revealing portrait that emerges from Hurtado s comprehensive study yields definitive answers to questions like these: How important was this formative period to later Christian tradition? When did the divinization of Jesus first occur? Was early Christianity influenced by neighboring religions? How did the idea of Jesus divinity change old views of God? And why did the powerful dynamics of early beliefs and practices encourage people to make the costly move of becoming a Christian? Boasting an unprecedented breadth and depth of coverage — the book speaks authoritatively on everything from early Christian history to themes in biblical studies to New Testament Christology — Hurtado s Lord Jesus Christ is at once significant enough that a wide range of scholars will want to read it and accessible enough that general readers interested at all in Christian origins will also profit greatly from it.

History of the Planting and Training of the Christian Church by the Apostles

... Old Testament , and stretching away from earth to heaven , contemplates the
Divine Word becoming flesh , first of all anointed with the fulness of the Divine
Spirit before he came forward as the Messiah , then known as the preëxistent
Son of ...

Author : August Neander

Release : 1867

Publisher :

ISBN :

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He That Cometh

How alien the thought of a suffering and dying Son of Man was to Judaism, and
even to those circles where the influence ... When, for example, the more official,
orthodox, rabbinic theology thinks of the Messiah as pre-existent, that is, in itself,
 ...

Author : Sigmund Mowinckel

Release : 2005-02-28

Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN : 9780802828507

File Size : 31.28 MB

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Before we can understand the message of Jesus, we must have some knowledge of the messianic concepts of his time. He That Cometh by Sigmund Mowinckel offers the most comprehensive study available of messianic thought in the Bible. Featuring here a new retrospective foreword by John J. Collins, He That Cometh first explores the antecedents of the term "Messiah" in the Old Testament, focusing on the idea of a coming future king in early Jewish eschatology. It then examines the messianic concept as used in later Judaism and in the early church. The book concludes with an impressive discussion of the phrase "Son of Man," the term Jesus himself used to interpret his own messianic mission. Every student of biblical history and theology can profit immensely from a careful study of this monumental work. Mowinckel's exhaustive documentation and his comprehensive analyses of both scriptural sources and modern scholarship have earned for this volume a high standing among studies of Jewish and Christian thought.

"You are My Son"

... W . L . Lane , Hebrews ( 2 vols , WB ; Dallas , 1991 ) ( Lane , Hebrews ] A . H . I
. Lee , From Messiah to Preexistent Son . Jesus ' Self - Consciousness and Early
Christian Exegesis of Messianic Psalms ( Tübingen , 2005 ) [ Lee , Messiah ] F ...

Author : S. Janse

Release : 2009

Publisher : Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN :

File Size : 71.77 MB

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This award-winning study characterizes Psalm 2 as a messianic-theocratic psalm. Early Jewish literature emphasises the eschatological and sapiential applications of the psalm more than the messianic interpretation. However, surprisingly, we come across the same text combinations that later emerge in New Testament literature: Christian scholarship obviously stood in a long tradition. It is shown how the relevant New Testament texts focus on the messianic interpretation of Psalm 2, especially of the words: "You are my Son". In the post-Easter confusion it functions as an argument to show that the crucified Jesus nevertheless was the Son of God. Luke apologetically explains how in this psalm the Messiah, identified earlier as the despised king, is also called "My Son" by God himself. Mark elaborates this idea for catechetical purposes: Jesus already was the Son of God at the time of his baptism and transfiguration. Finally, Hebrews uses Ps.2 to prove the pre-existence of Jesus. Thus, this volume forms a welcome addition to the existing literature on this topic.

The Quest for the Messiah

He also thinks that acceptance of the pre - existent Son of Man involves wrongly
assuming that Jesus preexisted his earthly appearance . But this problem is not
tied to the use of one or other titles . If pre - existence is asserted by In the
problem ...

Author : John Painter

Release : 1993

Publisher : Abingdon Press

ISBN :

File Size : 27.60 MB

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An exploration of the seething and confused messianic expectations of the first century-and why John found these so significant and so important for any understanding of human life in the world.