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Geoarchaeology in Action

The book sets out the essential features of geoarchaeological practice and geomorphological processes, and is deliberately aimed at the archaeologist as practitioner in the field.

Author : Charles French

Release : 2005-06-27

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1134482337

File Size : 32.88 MB

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Geoarchaeology in Action provides much-needed 'hands on' methodologies to assist anyone conducting or studying geoarchaeological investigations on sites and in landscapes, irrespective of date, place and environment. The book sets out the essential features of geoarchaeological practice and geomorphological processes, and is deliberately aimed at the archaeologist as practitioner in the field. It explains the basics - what can be expected, what approaches may be taken, and what outcomes might be forthcoming, and asks what we can reasonably expect a micromorphological approach to archaeological contexts, data and problems to tell us. The twelve case studies are taken from Britain, Europe and the Near East. They illustrate how past landscape change can be discovered and deciphered whether you are primarily a digger, environmentalist or soil micromorphologist. Based on the author's extensive experience of investigating buried and eroded landscapes, the book develops new ways of looking at conventional models of landscape change. With an extensive glossary, bibliography and more than 100 illustrations it will be an essential text and reference tool for students, academics and professionals.

Geoarchaeology in Action

The book sets out the essential features of geoarchaeological practice and geomorphological processes, and is deliberately aimed at the archaeologist as practitioner in the field.

Author : Charles French

Release : 2002-11-21

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 0203987144

File Size : 46.85 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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Geoarchaeology in Action provides much-needed 'hands on' methodologies to assist anyone conducting or studying geoarchaeological investigations on sites and in landscapes, irrespective of date, place and environment. The book sets out the essential features of geoarchaeological practice and geomorphological processes, and is deliberately aimed at the archaeologist as practitioner in the field. It explains the basics - what can be expected, what approaches may be taken, and what outcomes might be forthcoming, and asks what we can reasonably expect a micromorphological approach to archaeological contexts, data and problems to tell us. The twelve case studies are taken from Britain, Europe and the Near East. They illustrate how past landscape change can be discovered and deciphered whether you are primarily a digger, environmentalist or soil micromorphologist. Based on the author's extensive experience of investigating buried and eroded landscapes, the book develops new ways of looking at conventional models of landscape change. With an extensive glossary, bibliography and more than 100 illustrations it will be an essential text and reference tool for students, academics and professionals.

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Journal of Field Archaeology 35: 265–82. FOLEY, R. (1981). OffSite Archaeology
and Human Adaptation in Eastern Africa. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
FRENCH, C. A. I. (2002). Geoarchaeology in Action: Studies in Soil ...

Author : Peter Mitchell

Release : 2013-07-04

Publisher : OUP Oxford

ISBN : 0191626155

File Size : 90.1 MB

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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Ethnoarchaeology in Action

Such considerations lead to the following general principles regarding analogical
arguments in archaeology . ... of debate regarding comparison and causality in
anthropology and other relevant disciplines ( geoarchaeology for example ) .

Author : Nicholas David

Release : 2001-07-26

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 9780521667791

File Size : 46.89 MB

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This comprehensive study of ethnoarchaeology includes theory, practical advice regarding fieldwork, and topical coverage.

X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF) in Geoarchaeology

Based on a variety of analyses, we found that people in the Ulua Valley oriented
their ritual actions toward geographic points on the horizon, mountains that were
also sources of valued stone resources. In a situation where stones used for ...

Author : M. Steven Shackley

Release : 2010-10-17

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9781441968869

File Size : 43.24 MB

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Since the 1960s, x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), both wavelength and energy-dispersive have served as the workhorse for non-destructive and destructive analyses of archaeological materials. Recently eclipsed by other instrumentation such as LA-ICP-MS, XRF remains the mainstay of non-destructive chemical analyses in archaeology, particularly for volcanic rocks, and most particularly for obsidian. In a world where heritage and repatriation issues drive archaeological method and theory, XRF remains an important tool for understanding the human past, and will remain so for decades to come. Currently, there is no comprehensive book in XRF applications in archaeology at a time when the applications of portable XRF and desktop XRF instrumentation are exploding particularly in anthropology and archaeology departments worldwide. The contributors to this volume are the experts in the field, and most are at the forefront of the newest applications of XRF to archaeological problems. It covers all relevant aspects of the field for those using the newest XRF technologies to deal with very current issues in archaeology.

Home

Allen, M., and Snashall, N. (2009), 'New Features at Avebury from Hand Coring:
Geoarchaeology in Action!', Past (Newsletter of the Prehistoric Society) 63, pp. 12
–13. ArmourChélu, M. (1998), 'The Animal Bone', in Pryor (1998), pp. 273–88.

Author : Francis Pryor

Release : 2014-10-02

Publisher : Penguin UK

ISBN : 0141971339

File Size : 38.98 MB

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In Home Francis Pryor, author of The Making of the British Landscape, archaeologist and broadcaster, takes us on his lifetime's quest: to discover the origins of family life in prehistoric Britain Francis Pryor's search for the origins of our island story has been the quest of a lifetime. In Home, the Time Team expert explores the first nine thousand years of life in Britain, from the retreat of the glaciers to the Romans' departure. Tracing the settlement of domestic communities, he shows how archaeology enables us to reconstruct the evolution of habits, traditions and customs. But this, too, is Francis Pryor's own story: of his passion for unearthing our past, from Yorkshire to the west country, Lincolnshire to Wales, digging in freezing winters, arid summers, mud and hurricanes, through frustrated journeys and euphoric discoveries. Evocative and intimate, Home shows how, in going about their daily existence, our prehistoric ancestors created the institution that remains at the heart of the way we live now: the family. 'Under his gaze, the land starts to fill with tribes and clans wandering this way and that, leaving traces that can still be seen today . . . Pryor feels the land rather than simply knowing it' - Guardian Former president of the Council for British Archaeology, Dr Francis Pryor has spent over thirty years studying our prehistory. He has excavated sites as diverse as Bronze Age farms, field systems and entire Iron Age villages. He appears frequently on TV's Time Team and is the author of The Making of the British Landscape, Seahenge, as well as Britain BC and Britain AD, both of which he adapted and presented as Channel 4 series.

Digital Geoarchaeology

Wallace (2011) is right to recognise that archaeology can inject material cogency
into critical realism, which in turn helps ... The notion of intra-action (in contrast to
the usual “interaction,” which presumes the prior existence of independent that ...

Author : Christoph Siart

Release : 2017-12-03

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 3319253166

File Size : 24.9 MB

Format : PDF, Mobi

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This book focusses on new technologies and multi-method research designs in the field of modern archaeology, which increasingly crosses academic boundaries to investigate past human-environmental relationships and to reconstruct palaeolandscapes. It aims at establishing the concept of Digital Geoarcheology as a novel approach of interdisciplinary collaboration situated at the scientific interface between classical studies, geosciences and computer sciences. Among others, the book includes topics such as geographic information systems, spatiotemporal analysis, remote sensing applications, laser scanning, digital elevation models, geophysical prospecting, data fusion and 3D visualisation, categorized in four major sections. Each section is introduced by a general thematic overview and followed by case studies, which vividly illustrate the broad spectrum of potential applications and new research designs. Mutual fields of work and common technologies are identified and discussed from different scholarly perspectives. By stimulating knowledge transfer and fostering interdisciplinary collaboration, Digital Geoarchaeology helps generate valuable synergies and contributes to a better understanding of ancient landscapes along with their forming processes. Chapters 1, 2, 6, 8 and 14 are published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

Geoarchaeology of the Landscapes of Classical Antiquity

This two - day meeting focused especially on the geoarchaeology of the
landscapes of classical antiquity . The colloquium was organised as part of an
ongoing so - called COST - action of the European Commission . COST is a
framework of ...

Author : Frank Vermeulen

Release : 2000

Publisher : Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN : 9789042909281

File Size : 49.60 MB

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Geoarchaeology uses the concepts, methods and knowledge base of the earth sciences in the direct solution of archaeological problems.

Geoarchaeology

... a lowenergy environment and that the dense bone accumulation of this layer
almost certainly did not arise by the action of floods , as previously supposed .
The most likely main cause of the dense accumulation was hyena denning
activity .

Author : Geological Society of London

Release : 1999

Publisher : Geological Society of London

ISBN : 9781862390539

File Size : 30.53 MB

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Geology and archaeology have a long history of fruitful collaborations stretching back to the early 19th century. Geoarchaeology - the application of the geosciences to solve research problems in archaeology - has now emerged as a recognised sub-discipline of archaeology, especially in the United States. traditionally, the methods used include geomorphology, sedimentology, pedology, and stratigraphy, reflecting the fact that most archaeological evidence is recovered from the sedimentary environment. as reflected in the sub-title, this volume embraces a broader definition, including geophysics and geochemistry.

Geoarchaeology

The action of intense cold on calcareous thermoclasts can lead , under certain
conditions described above , to a new fragmentation . The products of this
fragmentation are frost shattered pebbles . It is a result of the total shattering ,
generally of ...

Author : Donald A. Davidson

Release : 1976

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 67.89 MB

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Geoarchaeology of Aboriginal Landscapes in Semi-arid Australia

However, previous research has shown that many variables control differential
artefact visibility andit canbedifficult to differentiate between the actions of
peopleinthepast andpostdeposition processes (Fanning and Holdaway2004).
Thismay ...

Author : Simon Holdaway

Release : 2014-03-15

Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN : 0643108963

File Size : 24.98 MB

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This book provides readers with a unique understanding of the ways in which Aboriginal people interacted with their environment in the past at one particular location in western New South Wales. It also provides a statement showing how geoarchaeology should be conducted in a wide range of locations throughout Australia. One of the key difficulties faced by all those interested in the interaction between humans and their environment in the past is the complex array of processes acting over different spatial and temporal scales. The authors take account of this complexity by integrating three key areas of study – geomorphology, geochronology and archaeology – applied at a landscape scale, with the intention of understanding the record of how Australian Aboriginal people interacted with the environment through time and across space. This analysis is based on the results of archaeological research conducted at the University of New South Wales Fowlers Gap Arid Zone Research Station between 1999 and 2002 as part of the Western New South Wales Archaeology Program. The interdisciplinary geoarchaeological program was targeted at expanding the potential offered by archaeological deposits in western New South Wales, Australia. The book contains six chapters: the first two introduce the study area, then three data analysis chapters deal in turn with the geomorphology, geochronology and archaeology of Fowlers Gap Station. A final chapter considers the results in relation to the history of Aboriginal occupation of Fowlers Gap Station, as well as the insights they provide into Aboriginal ways of life more generally. Analyses are well illustrated through the tabulation of results and the use of figures created through Geographic Information System software.

Desert Geomorphology

Including recent research findings from terrestrial satellite imagery, the study of planetary landscapes, and advances in laboratory work, this also covers the environmental processes involved in desertification and the solution of planning ...

Author : Ronald U. Cooke

Release : 1993-01-14

Publisher : CRC Press

ISBN : 9780203020593

File Size : 77.48 MB

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Including recent research findings from terrestrial satellite imagery, the study of planetary landscapes, and advances in laboratory work, this also covers the environmental processes involved in desertification and the solution of planning and

Geomorphological Techniques

The specialist contributors to Geomorphological Techniques have thoroughly augmented and updated their original, authoritative coverage with critical evaluations of major recent developments in this field.

Author : Andrew Goudie

Release : 1990

Publisher : Psychology Press

ISBN : 0415119391

File Size : 55.32 MB

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The specialist contributors to Geomorphological Techniques have thoroughly augmented and updated their original, authoritative coverage with critical evaluations of major recent developments in this field. A new chapter on neotectonics reflects the impact of developments in tectonic theory, and heavily revised sections deal with advances in remote sensing, image analysis, radiometric dating, geomorphometry, data loggers, radioactive tracers, and the determination of pore water pressure and the rates of denudation.

The Way the Wind Blows

Climate Change, History, and Human Action Roderick J. McIntosh, Joseph A.
Tainter, Susan Keech McIntosh. Stein, J. R. ... Holocene alluvial geology and
geoarchaeology of the San Xavier Reach of the Santa Cruz River, Arizona.
Geological ...

Author : Roderick J. McIntosh

Release : 2000-08-24

Publisher : Columbia University Press

ISBN : 0231505787

File Size : 35.91 MB

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Scientists and policymakers are beginning to understand in ever-increasing detail that environmental problems cannot be understood solely through the biophysical sciences. Environmental issues are fundamentally human issues and must be set in the context of social, political, cultural, and economic knowledge. The need both to understand how human beings in the past responded to climatic and other environmental changes and to synthesize the implications of these historical patterns for present-day sustainability spurred a conference of the world's leading scholars on the topic. The Way the Wind Blows is the rich result of that conference. Articles discuss the dynamics of climate, human perceptions of and responses to the environment, and issues of sustainability and resiliency. These themes are illustrated through discussions of human societies around the world and throughout history.

Paleoshoreline Geoarchaeology in the Northern Great Lakes

However , the north face of the wave spit grades to about 189 m , indicating that it
may have been modified by post - Nipissing I phase wave action , perhaps during
the Nipissing II phase . The spit probably began forming in during the ...

Author : John Baye Anderton

Release : 1995

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 42.92 MB

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The Geoarchaeology of Sediment Renewal Ceremonies at the Gottschall Rockshelter, Wisconsin

Sand could accumulate in the Gottschall Rockshelter from mechanical exfoliation
of the St Peter sandstone , from cliff wash , berm wash , water redeposition of
existing sand surfaces within the WE SU rockshelter , or from frost action .

Author : William Gustav Gartner

Release : 1993

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 79.26 MB

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Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology of a Small Foredune Complex Along the Eastern Shore of Lake Michigan

a b с d t Colluvial aeolian sand Figure 2 : 6 Schematic illustration depicting the
perched dune model . A : During periods of low lake - levels , the beach is
exposed . Soils form on the stable blufftop . B : As lake - levels rise , wave action
erodes ...

Author : Jennifer Lynn-Freeland Holmstadt

Release : 2008

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 38.35 MB

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Late Quaternary Geology and Geoarchaeology of the Upper Trinity River Basin, Texas

Eluviation of clay can make the eluviated horizon more prone to erosion , and
illuviation can increase clay shrink - swell effects in the deeper horizons .
Bioturbation , through the action of plants and animals is often greatest in a soil ,
because ...

Author : C. Reid Ferring

Release : 1990

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 70.16 MB

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Archaeology Under Fire

His main publications include Symbols in action (1982); Reading the past (1986
and 1991); The Domestication of Europe (1990); Theory and Practice in
Acheaeology (1992); and The Archaeological Process (1998). A.Bernard Knapp
is ...

Author : Lynn Meskell

Release : 2002-01-04

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 113464390X

File Size : 61.99 MB

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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.