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Heroes

This is a fascinating book about dictatorship and democracy, seduction and mass hysteria, politics and culture, and the tensions between being good and being great.

Author : Lucy Hughes-Hallett

Release : 2010-03-24

Publisher : Anchor

ISBN : 0307485900

File Size : 48.72 MB

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Beginning beneath the walls of Troy and culminating in 1930s Europe, a magisterial exploration of the nature of heroism in Western civilization. In this riveting and insightful cultural history, Lucy Hughes-Hallett brings to life eight exceptional men from history and myth to explore our timeless need for heroes. As she re-creates these extraordinary lives, Hughes-Hallett illuminates the attractions and dangers of hero worship. This is a fascinating book about dictatorship and democracy, seduction and mass hysteria, politics and culture, and the tensions between being good and being great.

The Hero Journey in Literature

As Jung has frequently noted, the confrontation with the Great Mother, who is as
loving as she is terrible, is a characteristic climax of the hero journey of
individuation ("Four Archetypes" 14-16). Its prototype may well be the relief
sculptures of ...

Author : Evans Lansing Smith

Release : 1997

Publisher : University Press of America

ISBN : 9780761805090

File Size : 48.67 MB

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This book provides an overview of the hero journey theme in literature, from antiquity to the present, with a focus on the imagery of the rites of passage in human life (initiation at adolescence, mid-life, and death). This is the only book to focus on the major works of the literary tradition, detailing discussions of the hero journey in major literary texts. Included are chapters on the literature of Antiquity (Sumerian, Egyptian, Biblical, Greek, and Roman), the Middle Ages (with emphasis on the Arthurian Romance), the Renaissance to the Enlightenment (Shakespeare, Milton, Marvell, Pope, Fielding, the Arabian Nights, and Alchemical Illustration), Romanticism and Naturalism (Coleridge, Selected Grimm's Tales, Bront%, Bierce, Whitman, Twain, Hawthorne, E.T.A. Hoffman, Rabindranath Tagore), and Modernism to Contemporary (Joyce, Gilman, Alifa Rifaat, Bellow, Lessing, Pynchon, Eudora Welty).

The Myth of the Birth of the Hero

Freudian theory best fits hero myths, for the subject matter of myth for Freudians
is striving and accomplishment. Heroism can evince itself at varying stages of
psychological development. At the Oedipal stage the Freudian hero may be the ...

Author : Otto Rank

Release : 2004-10-06

Publisher : JHU Press

ISBN : 9780801878831

File Size : 35.40 MB

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Originally published in German in 1909, Otto Rank's The Myth of the Birth of the Hero offered psychoanalytical interpretations of mythological stories as a means of understanding the human psyche. Like his mentor Freud, Rank compared the myths of such figures as Oedipus, Moses, and Sargon with common dreams, seeing in both a symbolic fulfillment of repressed desire. Thirteen years later, Rank substantially revised this seminal work, incorporating new discoveries in psychoanalysis, mythology, and ethnology, doubling the size of the book. This expanded second edition has never before been available in English. For the second edition, Rank added anthropological considerations of primitive and civilized peoples to those of mythology; extensive discussions of birth dreams, flood legends, and rescue fantasies; and new mythological examples—among them Dionysus, Kullervo (a precursor of Hamlet), Trakhan, and Tristan—as well as fuller treatments of Sargon and Moses. Eloquently translated by Gregory C. Richter and E. James Lieberman, this volume also includes an introductory essay by Robert A. Segal and Rank's 1914 essay, "The Play in Hamlet."

The Epic Hero

HERO. FROM. ON. HIGH. “Let us drink to the pallikars of all nations.” —Lawrence
Durrell, Bitter Lemons AN OVERVIEW OF THE HERO The Word The word “hero
projects to us a kind of spurious solidity, so that we use it, and hear it used, as if ...

Author : Dean A. Miller

Release : 2003-05-22

Publisher : JHU Press

ISBN : 080187792X

File Size : 21.8 MB

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The Epic Hero provides a comprehensive and provocative guide to epic heroes, and to the richly imaginative tales they inhabit.

The Hero

The fact that the life of a hero of tradition can be divided up into a series of well-
marked features and incidents—I have taken twentytwo, but it would be easy to
take more—strongly suggests a ritual pattern. I doubt whether even the most
fervent ...

Author : Lord Raglan

Release : 2013-05-27

Publisher : Courier Corporation

ISBN : 0486317145

File Size : 80.47 MB

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Heroic figures, all with the human desire for idealization in common, are the focus of this study — from Oedipus and King Arthur to heroes of the Trojan War and Robin Hood.

The Tragic Hero Through Ages

In Euripides ' version , the hero who struggles with Death is an outside agent , not
as in the folk - songs , the husband himself . ” 60 Admetus laments his fate , and
the death of his wife : He says : “ Hated entrance way , hated sight Of an empty ...

Author : Karuna Shanker Misra

Release : 1992

Publisher : Northern Book Centre

ISBN : 9788172110369

File Size : 33.83 MB

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The Tragic Hero through Ages is an illuminating work on the greatest Greek and English tragedies and their heroes. The first chapter deals with the Greek tragedies and their heroes. The next three chapters study the outstanding pre-Shakespearean, Shakespearean and post-Shakespearean tragedies and their heroes. The Miltonic and the Byronic heroes have been studied in fifth and sixth chapters, respectively. The closing chapter summarizes the whole work and many undiscovered facts have been brought to light. It is genuine contribution to the whole theory of Greek and English tragic drama. It embodies the most famous speeches and best scenes from the greatest Greek and English Tragedies: their short summaries and the lifelike portraits of their heroes. It is a running commentary on the Greek and English tragic drama, spreading over a span of 2500 years with all its charm and grandeur. It is a colossal work with the finish of an exquisite piece of jewellery.

Deconstructing the Hero

Another technique used to undermine the conventional image is the introduction
of a parodic version of the traditional hero in Hero Hynreck, a fair-haired knight in
shining armour, straight from the world of mediaeval romance, who finds ...

Author : Margery Hourihan

Release : 2005-08-19

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1134761775

File Size : 85.20 MB

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This book sets out to explore the structure and meanings within the most popular of all literary genres - the adventure story. Deconstructing the Hero offers analytical readings of some of the most widely read adventure stories such as Treasure Island , the James Bond stories and Star Wars. The book describes how adventure stories are influential in shaping children's perception and establishing values. When many of these stories define non-white, non-European people as inferior, and women as marginal or incapable, we should be worried about what they are teaching our children to think. Margery Hourihan shows how teaching children to read books critically can help to prevent the establishment of negative attitudes, discourage aggression and promote values of emotion and creativity.

The Hero and the Perennial Journey Home in American Film

Many of the top-grossing films in the American cinema have been based,
however loosely, on the hero quest. Such a quest does not involve simply the
hero's discovery of some boon or Holy Grail, however; it also involves finding him
- or ...

Author : Susan Mackey-Kallis

Release : 2010-08-03

Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN : 0812200136

File Size : 52.56 MB

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In contemporary America, myths find expression primarily in film. What's more, many of the highest-grossing American movies of the past several decades have been rooted in one of the most fundamental mythic narratives, the hero quest. Why is the hero quest so persistently renewed and retold? In what ways does this universal myth manifest itself in American cinema? And what is the significance of the popularity of these modern myths? The Hero and the Perennial Journey Home in American Film by Susan Mackey-Kallis is an exploration of the appeal of films that recreate and reinterpret this mythic structure. She closely analyzes such films as E.T., the Star Wars trilogy, It's a Wonderful Life, The Wizard of Oz, The Lion King, Field of Dreams, The Piano, Thelma and Louise, and 2001: A Space Odyssey. Elements of the quest mythology made popular by Joseph Campbell, Homer's Odyssey, the perennial philosophy of Aldous Huxley, and Jungian psychology all contribute to the compelling interpretive framework in which Mackey-Kallis crafts her study. She argues that the purpose of the hero quest is not limited to the discovery of some boon or Holy Grail, but also involves finding oneself and finding a home in the universe. The home that is sought is simultaneously the literal home from which the hero sets out and the terminus of the personal growth he or she undergoes during the journey back. Thus the quest, Mackey-Kallis asserts, is an outward journey into the world of action and events which eventually requires a journey inward if the hero is to grow, and ultimately necessitates a journey homeward if the hero is to understand the grail and share it with the culture at large. Finally, she examines the value of mythic criticism and addresses questions about myth currently being debated in the field of communication studies.

The Byronic Hero in Film, Fiction, and Television

he Byronic hero, with his ambition, aspiration, aggressive individualism, and “
Promethean spark,” was alive and flourishing in the latter half of the twentieth and
the beginning of the twenty-first centuries (Byron, Manfred 1.2.154). Although
they ...

Author : Atara Stein

Release : 2004-11-01

Publisher : SIU Press

ISBN : 9780809386413

File Size : 59.59 MB

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The Byronic Hero in Film, Fiction, and Television bridges nineteenth- and twentieth-century studies in pursuit of an ambitious, antisocial, arrogant, and aggressively individualistic mode of hero from his inception in Byron’s Manfred, Childe Harold, and Cain, through his incarnations as the protagonists of Westerns, action films, space odysseys, vampire novels, neo-Gothic comics, and sci-fi television. Such a hero exhibits supernatural abilities, adherence to a personal moral code, ineptitude at human interaction (muddled even further by self-absorbed egotism), and an ingrained defiance of oppressive authority. He is typically an outlaw, most certainly an outcast or outsider, and more often than not, he is a he. Given his superhuman status, this hero offers no potential for sympathetic identification from his audience. At best, he provides an outlet for vicarious expressions of power and independence. While audiences may not seek to emulate the Byronic hero, Stein notes that he desires to emulate them; recent texts plot to “rehumanize” the hero or to voice through him approbation and admiration of ordinary human values and experiences. Tracing the influence of Lord Byron’s Manfred as outcast hero on a pantheon of his contemporary progenies—including characters from Pale Rider, Unforgiven, The Terminator, Alien, The Crow, Sandman, Star Trek: The Next Generation,and Angel—Atara Stein tempers her academic acumen with the insights of a devoted aficionado in this first comprehensive study of the Romantic hero type and his modern kindred. Atara Stein was a professor of English at California State University, Fullerton. Her articles on the development of the Byronic hero have appeared in Popular Culture Review, Romantic Circles Praxis Series, Genders, and Philological Quarterly.

Be a Hero

The result is a call to Be a Hero by mobilizing mercy and social justice toward
fulfilling the worldwide Great Commission. We are convinced that for the end-time
harvest to come in, and for the gospel to be relevant in our time, the proclamation
 ...

Author : Wesley Campbell

Release : 2004

Publisher : Destiny Image Publishers

ISBN : 0768422302

File Size : 26.21 MB

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Be a Hero challenges the Body of Christ to be enlisted in the battle for mercy and social justice. It opens with God's interaction in the affairs of men and His plan to redeem the 'invisible' people through justice, mercy and compassion. Setting the stage theologically, the authors then unveils the great exploits of those who have gone before us and the impact that they made in their own times and on their own culture. Practical steps are offered to the reader to empower them to make a difference in their world.

The Positive Hero in Russian Literature

Heroes. Are. the. Destroyers”. <<< I cannot live without beliefs, warm and
fanatical. BELINsky The history of Vissarion Belinsky's (1811–48) reputation in
Russia is an immense subject, touching on nearly all major currents of thought
and of ...

Author : Rufus W. Mathewson

Release : 2000

Publisher : Northwestern University Press

ISBN : 9780810117167

File Size : 51.77 MB

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"The positive hero was defined by the Soviets as one who set an example for the reader's behavior. As early as 1860, the merits of this ideal model were a central issue in the war between literary imagination and ideological criticism that raged in Russia for a hundred years." "In The Positive Hero in Russian Literature, Rufus W. Mathewson, Jr., brings a period of Russian literature to life and demonstrates how the battles over the positive hero reappeared with dramatic clarity in the dissident literary movement that developed after Stalin's death. Mathewson argues that the true continuity between nineteenth- and twentieth-century Russian prose was to be found in this persistent conflict between contrary views of the real nature and proper uses of literature. This new edition of a widely acclaimed work, first published in 1958 and covering literary developments through 1946, includes chapters on Belinsky, Pasternak, Solzhenitsyn, and Sinyavsky." --Book Jacket.

On Heroes, Hero-worship and the Heroic in History

LECTURE V . the hero as man of letters . johnson , rousseau , burns . Hero - gods
, Prophets , Poets , Priests are forms of Heroism that belong to the old ages ,
make their appearance in the remotest times ; some of them have ceased to be ...

Author : Thomas Carlyle

Release : 1840

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 67.32 MB

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The Hero in History

Postscript The Hero in History: Myth, Power, or Moral Ideal? The role of
personality in history is a theme of perennial interest. It concerns not only
scholars but every man and every woman who reflects on the fate of their culture
and their place ...

Author : Sidney Hook

Release : 1957

Publisher : Transaction Publishers

ISBN : 9781412837163

File Size : 80.96 MB

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The interaction of the individual in history and politics has posed major theoretical questions of historical analysis for the past two centuries: is social destiny shaped by forces beyond the power of the individual, or can the future be mastered by collective effort under the outstanding leadership of heroic men and women? In this classic study, a major philosopher and social theorist of the twentieth century offers a searching examination of the conditions under which individuals make choices that significantly alter the course of historical events and presents a scathing critique of various forms of social determinism that deny the individual freedom of action or a decisive role in history. The myth of the hero as the savior of the tribe or nation, as Hook notes, is older than written history. Until the ninteenth century, the hero functioned not merely as a cult figure but as a principle of historical explanation, a key to the rise and fall of countries and even of cultures. The exaggerations and omissions of this point of view produced an equally simplistic reaction with the formulation of determinist historiographies in which physical, racial, social, and economic forces replaced individuals as the dynamic factors in the development of events. Hook singles out orthodox Marxism as the most all-encompassing determinist system and subjects the historical thinking of Engels, Plekhanov, and Trotsky to sharp and meticulous scrutiny. Using the Russian Revolution as a test case, Hook observes that while the February 1917 Revolution was an inevitable development, the October revolution was, according to the best historical evidence, contingent upon the personality and actions of Lenin. In his 1978 reconsideration of the subject of heroism, appearing new to this edition, Hook defines a middle ground between the extremes of voluntarism and determinism that explains why the presence of strong personalities are decisive under certain conditions while under others key actors would appear to be almost interchangeable. He points us toward an understanding of a fascinating problem in history and raises essential questions about the role of "great" men and women in a democracy. "The Hero in History "will be of interest to intellectual historians, philosophers, political scientists, and sociologists.

Hero

In the last cold winter of WWII, Izaak is sent from iding in Amsterdam to live on a farm in the north of Holland.

Author : martha attema

Release : 2003-10-01

Publisher : Orca Book Publishers

ISBN : 155143251X

File Size : 50.55 MB

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In the last cold winter of WWII, Izaak is sent from iding in Amsterdam to live on a farm in the north of Holland.

The Hero's Journey

415) Joseph Campbell's famous work The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949)
describes the archetypal hero's journey as a series of interconnecting phases
that have shaped much of contemporary thinking on the subject. Beginning in a
state ...

Author : John L. Brown

Release : 1999

Publisher : ASCD

ISBN : 0871203448

File Size : 43.34 MB

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Profiling six phases of the mythic hero's journey from unconscious innocence to ultimate self-awareness, argues that shared vision, purpose, and inquiry, combined with the use of the collective wisdom of myth, legend, and metaphor, can transform a school.

American Heroes in a Media Age

print, and electronic cultures, explores how the nature and function of the hero in
society is dependent on the dominant medium of communication. In the next
chapter Fayer examines the changing conceptions of gender, relating these to
the ...

Author : Susan J. Drucker

Release : 1994

Publisher : VNR AG

ISBN : 9781881303190

File Size : 67.17 MB

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This volume explores the relationship of hero to celebrity and the changing role of the hero in American culture. It establishes that the nature of hero and its function in society is a communication phenomenon, which has been and is being altered by the rapid advance of electronic media.

Dr. Hero

HERO ACT ONE SCENE 1 Darkness. Circus music and lights, suddenly. JHero
enters as Warrator, wears straw hat, carries cane. Stage is barren, but for seven
essential like-colored cubes, of which three measure 18" x 18" x 18", two
measure ...

Author : Israel Horovitz

Release : 1973

Publisher : Dramatists Play Service Inc

ISBN : 9780822203292

File Size : 55.30 MB

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THE STORY: The hero, who is named Hero, is born onstage. Thereafter come scenes of childhood, education, army service, and then marriage--as Hero becomes Dr. Hero (Ph.D.) and begins to assume the greatness that he knows is destined to be his. As h

My Hero

Extraordinary People on the Heroes Who Inspire Them The My Hero Project ...
Many of the characters I was introduced to then became my heroes, and remain
so today: Jason and his Argonauts, Odysseus, Captain Nemo, and Captain
James ...

Author : The My Hero Project

Release : 2005-11-08

Publisher : Simon and Schuster

ISBN : 0743292405

File Size : 70.57 MB

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In My Hero, some of the brightest lights from around the globe share -- in their own words -- stories about the people who have been the greatest source of strength and inspiration to them. With essays by military heroes, political leaders, and Nobel Prize winners, sports heroes, firefighters, scientists, and schoolteachers -- and with an introduction by basketball legend, businessman, and philanthropist Earvin "Magic" Johnson -- this collection gathers individuals who themselves are shining examples to tell us about the people who have illuminated their own lives. • How did Dana Reeve come to find such grit and grace when her fairy-tale prince was thrown from his real-life steed, paralyzed from the neck down? • What traits of baseball great Ted Williams have inspired war hero Senator John McCain since childhood? • What impact did Nelson Mandela have on boxing legend Muhammad Ali? • Why does one of the all-time greats of baseball, Yogi Berra, believe that he owes each of his legendary home runs to his brothers? • How did Michael J. Fox find a woman who would walk away from a spectacular career in finance in order to fight for a cure for Parkinson's disease at the helm of his nonprofit foundation? • Why does John Glenn, a man who flew into space twice and served a quarter century on the Senate floor, look up to his own wife, Annie Glenn, as the true hero in the family? In a world hungry for good examples, My Hero reminds us that heroes come in all shapes and sizes. It also teaches us that the words and deeds of those who inspire us are as varied as the stars that illuminate the night. The editors of My Hero and the contributors are donating all royalties from this book to the nonprofit My Hero Project.

Spenser, Milton, and the Redemption of the Epic Hero

Some poems have two heroes: a primary hero, who is godlike, perfect in ethical
virtue and paramount in physical power; and a secondary hero, who is human,
fallible and weak. The secondary hero is hampered by his own failings—his ...

Author : Christopher Bond

Release : 2011-04-29

Publisher : University of Delaware

ISBN : 1611490677

File Size : 25.67 MB

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This book studies the interplay of theology and poetics in the three great epics of early modern England, the Faerie Queene, Paradise Lost, and Paradise Regained. Bond examines how Spenser and Milton adapted the pattern of dual heroism developed in classical and Medieval works. Challenging the opposition between 'Calvinist,' 'allegorical' Spenser and 'Arminian,' 'dramatic' Milton, this book offers a new understanding of their doctrinal and literary affinities within the European epic tradition.

Beethoven Hero

HERO. WE BEGIN BY retelling a story that has been told for almost two hundred
years: the story many generations of listeners have heard in the first movement of
the Eroica Symphony. Like a great myth, this story is told in numberless ways, ...

Author : Scott Burnham

Release : 2000-04-30

Publisher : Princeton University Press

ISBN : 9780691050584

File Size : 86.79 MB

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Bringing together reception history, music analysis and criticism, the history of music theory, and the philosophy of music, Beethoven Hero explores the nature and persistence of Beethoven's heroic style. What have we come to value in this music, asks Scott Burnham, and why do generations of critics and analysts hear it in much the same way? Specifically, what is it that fosters the intensity of listener engagement with the heroic style, the often overwhelming sense of identification with its musical process? Starting with the story of heroic quest heard time and again in the first movement of the Eroica Symphony, Burnham suggests that Beethoven's music matters profoundly to its listeners because it projects an empowering sense of self, destiny, and freedom, while modeling ironic self-consciousness. In addition to thus identifying Beethoven's music as an overarching expression of values central to the age of Goethe and Hegel, the author describes and then critiques the process by which the musical values of the heroic style quickly became the controlling model of compositional logic in Western music criticism and analysis. Apart from its importance for students of Beethoven, this book will appeal to those interested in canon formation in the arts and in music as a cultural, ethical, and emotional force--and to anyone concerned with what we want from music and what music does for us.