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Hungary in World War II

Hungary in World War II draws skillfully on these personal tales to narrate events before, during, and after World War II. It provides a comprehensive and highly readable history of Hungarian participation in the war, along with an ...

Author : Deborah S. Cornelius

Release : 2011-01

Publisher : Fordham Univ Press

ISBN : 082323343X

File Size : 60.82 MB

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The story of Hungary's participation in World War II is part of a much larger narrative-one that has never before been fully recounted for a non-Hungarian readership. As told by Deborah Cornelius, it is a fascinating tale of rise and fall, of hopes dashed and dreams in tatters. Using previously untapped sources and interviews she conducted for this book, Cornelius provides a clear account of Hungary's attempt to regain the glory of the Hungarian Kingdom by joining forces with Nazi Germany-a decision that today seems doomed to fail from the start. For scholars and history buff s alike, Hungary in World War II is a riveting read.Cornelius begins her study with the Treaty of Trianon, which in 1920 spelled out the terms of defeat for the former kingdom. The new country of Hungary lost more than 70 percent of the kingdom's territory, saw its population reduced by nearly the same percentage, and was stripped of fi ve of its ten most populous cities. As Cornelius makes vividly clear, nearly all of the actions of Hungarian leaders during the succeedingdecades can be traced back to this incalculable defeat.In the early years of World War II, Hungary enjoyed boom times-and the dream of restoring the Hungarian Kingdom began to rise again. Caught in the middle as the war engulfed Europe, Hungary was drawn into an alliance with Nazi Germany. When the Germans appeared to give Hungary much of its pre-World War I territory, Hungarians began to delude themselves into believing they had won their long-sought objective. Instead, the final year of the world war brought widespread destruction and a genocidal war against Hungarian Jews. Caught between two warring behemoths, the country became a battleground for German and Soviet forces. In the wake of the war, Hungary suffered further devastation under Soviet occupation and forty-five years of communist rule.The author first became interested in Hungary in 1957 and has visited the country numerous times, beginning in the 1970s. Over the years she has talked with many Hungarians, both scholars and everyday people. Hungary in World War II draws skillfully on these personal tales to narrate events before, during, and after World War II. It provides a comprehensive and highly readable history of Hungarian participation in the war, along with an explanation of Hungarian motivation: the attempt of a defeated nation to relive its former triumphs.

The Royal Hungarian Army in World War II

This is an essential starter resource for wargamers, modelers, re-enactors and military historians.

Author : Nigel Thomas

Release : 2012-01-20

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN : 1780963343

File Size : 53.62 MB

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The Royal Hungarian Army was Germany's largest ally on the Eastern Front, but information about the Hungarian Army in English is rare. Deployed in Ukraine at the beginning of the war, the Hungarian Army was involved in a number of brutal encounters with the Red Army, including stubborn resistance in Transylvania in the summer of 1944, and the brave defense of Budapest in the face of overwhelming odds. The Hungarian Army was a varied and colourful force, ranging from mountain troops and tank units to horse cavalry and specialist infantry. All of these are illustrated in full-colour artwork, with full details about the Hungarian Army's own, quite distinct uniforms and insignia as well as many of its own weapons and tanks. This is an essential starter resource for wargamers, modelers, re-enactors and military historians.

Hungary at War

Here are officers and common soldiers, Jewish survivors of Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps, pilots of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Hungarian prisoners of war in Russian labor camps, and a host of others.

Author : Cecil D. Eby

Release : 2010-11

Publisher : Penn State Press

ISBN : 0271040882

File Size : 21.75 MB

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In Hungary at War, Cecil Eby has compiled a historical chronicle of Hungary&’s wartime experiences based on interviews with nearly one hundred people who lived through those years. Here are officers and common soldiers, Jewish survivors of Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps, pilots of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Hungarian prisoners of war in Russian labor camps, and a host of others. We meet the apologists for the Horthy regime installed by Hitler and the activists who sought to overthrow it, and we relive the Red Army&’s siege of Budapest during the harsh winter of 1944&–45 through the memories of ordinary citizens trapped there. Most of the accounts shared here have never been told to anyone outside the subjects&’ families. We learn of a woman, Ilona Jo&ó, who survived in a cellar while German and Russian armies used her house and garden as a battleground, and of the remarkable Mer&ényi sisters, who trekked home to Budapest after being freed from Bergen-Belsen. Eby has also included a rare interview with a former member of the Arrow Cross, Hungary&’s fascist party, that sheds new light on its leadership. From these personal accounts, Eby draws readers into the larger themes of the tragedy of war and the consequences of individual actions in moments of crisis. Skillfully integrating oral testimony with historical exposition, Hungary at War reveals the knot of ideological, economic, and ethnic attachments that entangled the lives of so many Hungarians. The result is an absorbing narrative that is a fitting testament to a nation buffeted by external forces beyond its capacity to control.

Hungary's Way to World War II

Author : Nándor F. Dreisziger

Release : 1968

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 66.8 MB

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Refugees in Hungary

During World War II thousands of Polish citizens found refuge in Hungary, among them ca. 3,000-5,000 Polish Jews.

Author : Károly Kapronczay

Release : 1999

Publisher : Matthias Corvinus Publishing Company

ISBN :

File Size : 76.24 MB

Format : PDF

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During World War II thousands of Polish citizens found refuge in Hungary, among them ca. 3,000-5,000 Polish Jews. All of the Hungarian anti-Jewish laws applied to them as well. Pp. 152-169 deal with the situation of the Jewish refugees before and after the German occupation in March 1944. Contends that Hungary's leniency in dealing with the "Jewish question" was a major source of conflict between Germany and Hungary.

The Siege of Budapest

The book provides the first full account of this shocking battle. "As a military history [The Siege of Budapest] is unrivaled. . . . Magisterial.

Author : Krisztián Ungváry

Release : 2005

Publisher : Yale University Press

ISBN : 9780300119855

File Size : 25.51 MB

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The definitive history of one of the fiercest battles of World War II This definitive history of one of the fiercest battles of World War II describes the siege of Budapest in unprecedented detail. Both Stalin and Hitler demanded victory at all costs, and the cost was extreme: 80,000 Soviet troops, 38,000 German and Hungarian soldiers, and 38,000 Hungarian civilians perished. The book provides the first full account of this shocking battle. "As a military history [The Siege of Budapest] is unrivaled. . . . Magisterial."--John Lukacs, New York Review of Books "An exceedingly dramatic book, filled with fascinating stories, some of them even humorous, and with heart-rending accounts of suffering, limitless cruelty, and amazing decency."--István Deák, New Republic "Ungváry has written a dramatic, gripping history of this siege, filling a gap in WWII history."--Choice

Hungarian Armored Forces in World War II

Since 1699, Hungary was part of the Austrian Empire, ruled by the Habsburg dynasty.

Author : Peter Mujzer

Release : 2018-01-23

Publisher : Photosniper

ISBN : 9788365437655

File Size : 43.86 MB

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Since 1699, Hungary was part of the Austrian Empire, ruled by the Habsburg dynasty. In 1848/49, the Hungarians staged an uprising seeking their independence, and although the attempt was crushed by the Austrians, it resulted with Hungary being granted equal status with Austria in 1867. The empire became the dual monarchy of Austria and Hungary, and was known as the kaiserliche und königliche (k. und k.) Monarchy. The kaiserliche part referred to the Imperial throne of Austria, while the königliche part referred to the Royal throne of Hungary. At the end of the First World War, Hungary, as a member of the k. und k. Monarchy, ended up on the losing side. Her army disintegrated and her armaments were either taken over or destroyed by the victorious Allied nations. In the autumn of 1919, after the failure of a short-lived Soviet-style republic, a new Hungarian National Army was organized under French supervision. This army was led by a former k. und k. admiral, the highest-ranking native Hungarian military officer, Admiral Miklós Horthy, who later (in 1920) became Regent of Hungary, ruling in place of the deposed Habsburgs. Hungary never officially renounced its status as a monarchy, and the nation effectively remained a monarchy without a king until the end of the Second World War. After WWI, Hungary was in a very critical situation. In 1920 the Allied Powers gave the Hungarian delegation their conditions for peace. This agreement, the Treaty of Trianon, was very similar to the one already imposed on Germany at Versailles. The peace conditions for Hungary reduced the area of the country from 282,000 square kilometres to 93,000 square kilometres and the population from 18 million to 9.5 million. Thus 3,263,000 Hungarians became citizens of foreign countries under hostile administrations. The provisions of the Treaty of Trianon reduced Hungary's 1914 industrial base by about 80%. The Treaty of Trianon was a huge shock for the whole society. The Treaty has left a never ending scar on the Hungarian national consciousness. Everybody was affected, at least emotionally, by the harsh conditions of the Treaty. Hungary had lost his imperial status and was reduced to a small country surrounded by hostile states.

Diary of a Young Jewish Girl

DIARY of a young Jewish girl - World War II Hungary 1941 - 1946 A most captivating and intriguing true story of a young Jewish girl's life during a World War, and how she survived the Holocaust.

Author : Madelaine D. Lang

Release : 2012

Publisher :

ISBN : 9781475206623

File Size : 22.28 MB

Format : PDF

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DIARY of a young Jewish girl - World War II Hungary 1941 - 1946 A most captivating and intriguing true story of a young Jewish girl's life during a World War, and how she survived the Holocaust. Through the pages of this rediscovered and recently translated diary, we find ourselves in the midst of a wartime drama in Budapest, Hungary, as a teenage girl evades capture, ultimately escapes and emmigrates to America.

Serbia and the Serbs in World War Two

176–196; and Jozo Tomasevich, War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941–1945:
Occupation and Collaboration (Stanford University Press, 2001). 5. For useful
treatments of Hungary in World War Two, see: Sándor Balogh, Die Stellung der ...

Author : Sabrina P. Ramet

Release : 2011-10-31

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 0230347819

File Size : 78.92 MB

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A valuable and objective reassessment of the role of Serbia and Serbs in WWII. Today, Serbian textbooks praise the Chetniks of Draža MIhailovi? and make excuses for the collaboration of Milan Nedi?'s regime with the Axis. However, this new evaluation shows the more complex and controversial nature of the political alliances during the period.

Hungarian Armoured Fighting Vehicles in the Second World War

This book rescues Hungary's participation during the Second World War from oblivion through the use of superb photographs, which take the reader from the beginning of the USRR campaign and the conquest of Soviet lands, before ending with ...

Author : Eduardo Manuel Gil Martínez

Release : 2019-12-27

Publisher : Pen and Sword Military

ISBN : 1526753847

File Size : 22.20 MB

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The actions of the German armoured forces during the Second World War is well known. What has not yet been so well told are the actions of the armoured forces from Germany's allies. While it is true that their performance was generally quite secondary in comparison to the Reich,the actions of the Hungarian armoured forces should be highlighted. Hungary not only managed to organize its armoured forces, but developed its own military industry that was able to supply weapons and equipment to its troops. The Hungarian military was able to produce all kinds of weapons, vehicles and armoured vehicles, although they were generally under-gunned and under-armoured. This book rescues Hungary's participation during the Second World War from oblivion through the use of superb photographs, which take the reader from the beginning of the USRR campaign and the conquest of Soviet lands, before ending with the bloody battles to avoid the Soviet and Romanian advance into Hungary (the Siege of Budapest) and the last clashes in Austrian and Slovenian territory before the army's unconditional surrender. The author highlights the bravery and courage of these men, as well as the terrible fate of the Hungarian armoured forces when the Soviet Army invaded Hungary.

Political Justice in Budapest after WWII

This book analyses this process in an objective, quantitative way, contributing to the present timely discussion on the Hungarian war guilt. The authors apply a special focus on the gender aspect of the trials.

Author : Ildiko Barna

Release : 2015-04-20

Publisher : Central European University Press

ISBN : 9633860520

File Size : 36.91 MB

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In Hungary, which fell under Soviet influence at the end of WWII, those who had participated in the wartime atrocities were tried by so called people?s courts. This book analyses this process in an objective, quantitative way, contributing to the present timely discussion on the Hungarian war guilt. The authors apply a special focus on the gender aspect of the trials. Political justice had a specific nature in Hungary. War criminals began to be brought to trial while fighting was still underway in the western part of the country, well before the Nuremberg trials. Not only crimes committed during the war were tried in the same frame but also post-war ones. As far as the post-war period is concerned, legal proceedings regarding these crimes were most often launched on the basis of Act VII of 1946. This act of law concerned ?the criminal law protection of the democratic constitutional order and the republic? and its basic aim was to facilitate the creation of a communist dictatorship and to deal with perceived or real enemies of the regime. ÿ

A History of Hungary

Surveys Hungary's development from prehistory to the postcommunist era

Author : Peter F. Sugar

Release : 1994

Publisher : Indiana University Press

ISBN : 9780253208675

File Size : 89.45 MB

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Surveys Hungary's development from prehistory to the postcommunist era

Hungary in the Cold War, 1945-1956

"Based on new archival evidence, this book examines Soviet empire building in Hungary and the American response to it.

Author : L szl¢ Borhi

Release : 2004-01-01

Publisher : Central European University Press

ISBN : 9789639241800

File Size : 72.6 MB

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"Based on new archival evidence, this book examines Soviet empire building in Hungary and the American response to it." "The book analyzes why, given all its idealism and power, the U.S. failed even in its minimal aims concerning the states of Eastern Europe. Eventually both the United States and the Soviet Union pursued power politics: the Soviets in a naked form, the U.S. subtly, but both with little regard for the fate of Hungarians."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Magyar Warriors

The final volume will contain type sheets of every weapon and vehicle used by the Army, as well as all aircraft types in service with the Air Force.

Author : Denes Bernad

Release :

Publisher :

ISBN : 9781910777923

File Size : 60.66 MB

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The Hungarian armed forces (known as the Honvedseg) were built up from the 1920s, their expansion gaining momentum once Hungary became free of the strict post-First World War Trianon treaty limitations in August 1938. Politically, Hungary was looking for a strong ally, who would help it to recover at least some of the territories containing sizable Magyar ethnic populations that had been lost after the First World War. Initially, in the mid-1930s, Italy gave political assistance and supplied military materiel; then on the eve of the Second World War Germany also lent some support. In November 1938, Hungary managed to peacefully recover a chunk of its former territory from Czechoslovakia, followed by the Sub-Carpathian area during a brief border war in March 1939, and then the northern part of Transylvania from Rumania in August 1940. Later, in April 1941, the Bachka region and parts of Baranya were also taken back from the dismembered Yugoslavia, in a swift military action. The rub is that Hungary was sucked into the cauldron of the Eastern Front, and soon the Honveds (Hungarian soldiers) found themselves deep in Soviet territory, outgunned and outnumbered by the Red Army. Later on, from August 1944, the beleaguered Honvedseg had to fight in defense of its own territory. Alongside tiny Croatia, Hungary remained the last German ally up to the bitter end, and paid the price accordingly. This comprehensive reference, to be published in three volumes the fruit of over twenty years of meticulous research strives to provide a complete picture of the Hungarian armed forces between the years 1919 and 1945. Volume 1 (published in 2015) presents a brief history of the Magyars up until the end of the Second World War, as well as the building of the armed forces, and details the armored formations and their equipment. Volume 2 covers in great details the activity of the air force (Chapter 4), the river flotilla (Chapter 5), as well as the combat operations of the Honvedseg (Chapter 6). The final volume will contain type sheets of every weapon and vehicle used by the Army, as well as all aircraft types in service with the Air Force. The discussed topics are described in great details, and illustrated with over 500 photographs, several maps and many tables."

Battle for Budapest

The battle of Budapest in the bleak winter of 1944-45 was one of the longest and bloodiest city sieges of World War II. From the appearance of the first Soviet tanks on the outskirts of the capital to the capture of Buda Castle, 102 days ...

Author : Krisztián Ungváry

Release : 2011

Publisher : I.B.Tauris

ISBN : 1848859732

File Size : 53.48 MB

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This title is presented with a new foreword by Istvan Deak. The battle of Budapest in the bleak winter of 1944-45 was one of the longest and bloodiest city sieges of World War II. From the appearance of the first Soviet tanks on the outskirts of the capital to the capture of Buda Castle, 102 days elapsed. In terms of human trauma, it comes second only to Stalingrad, comparisons to which were even being made by soldiers, both German and Soviet, fighting at the time. This definitive history covers their experiences, and those of the 800,000 non-combatants around whom the battle raged.

A Companion to World War II

Eby (1998) makes clear in his book Hungary at War that this choice by theHorthy
governmentled to the suicide of HungarianForeign Minister Pal Teleki (p. 15).
Initially,Hungary was notslated to play any partintheinvasion of theSoviet Union.

Author : Thomas W. Zeiler

Release : 2012-12-21

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1118325052

File Size : 84.25 MB

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A Companion to World War II brings together a series offresh academic perspectives on World War II, exploring the manycultural, social, and political contexts of the war. Essay topicsrange from American anti-Semitism to the experiences ofFrench-African soldiers, providing nearly 60 new contributions tothe genre arranged across two comprehensive volumes. A collection of original historiographic essays that includecutting-edge research Analyzes the roles of neutral nations during the war Examines the war from the bottom up through the experiences ofdifferent social classes Covers the causes, key battles, and consequences of thewar