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Non-Fossil Energy Development in China

The connotation and interpretation of the goal, possible development scenarios, feasible implementation paths, and corresponding benefit costs are all the major issues this book explains in detail and demonstrates by models.

Author : Yunzhou Zhang

Release : 2018-11-27

Publisher : Academic Press

ISBN : 0128131071

File Size : 25.76 MB

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Nonfossil Energy Development in China: Goals and Challenges explores the development of non-fossil energy sources, which is very important for China to protect its energy supply, deal with climate change and adjust its energy structure. At present, the development of energy and electricity is undergoing profound change. The core and most prominent feature is the sudden emergence of clean energy, exerting a decisive influence on the future energy industry. Due to history and resource limitation, a series of problems in the energy development of China have existed for a long time, such as poor energy structure, serious environmental pollution, large carbon emissions, low energy efficiency, regional supply and demand imbalances. The Chinese government has set the development goal for nonfossil energy to 15% in primary energy consumption in 2020. The connotation and interpretation of the goal, possible development scenarios, feasible implementation paths, and corresponding benefit costs are all the major issues this book explains in detail and demonstrates by models. Demonstrates how to safely, economically and efficiently meet the Chinese government’s energy development target for non-fossil energy Analyzes energy development scenarios by using the energy demand and supply model, electricity demand forecasting model and power system optimization planning models Focuses on practical problems and algorithms

Strategies of Sustainable Development in China’s Wind Power Industry

The per capita natural gas consumption of China is about 139 cubic meters,
about 28.9% of the average level in the world, about 5.7% of that of the USA, and
5.1% of that of Russia. With the advancement of non-fossil energy technologies
and ...

Author : Jiachun Li

Release : 2020-01-11

Publisher : Springer Nature

ISBN : 9811395160

File Size : 79.16 MB

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This book reviews the status quo and visions for the future in the wind energy industry in China and around the globe, focusing on its roles in optimizing energy structure, alleviating environmental pollution, and coping with climate change. Providing a blueprint of wind power development till 2050, it suggests a series of further measures in the context of policies, regulations, laws, and marketing in order to overcome the existing bottlenecks. Moreover, it proposes a number of potential innovative technologies related to IT+ and advanced manufacturing, including integrated & distributed power and micro-grid systems, multi-energy complement, green and intelligent manufacturing, reliability design, blade design, manufacturing and maintenance, drive drain systems, and offshore wind farms. This book offers researchers and engineers insights into sustainable development in the wind power industry.

Chinese Research Perspectives on the Environment, Special Volume

Annual Review of Low-Carbon Development in China (2011-12) Ye QI. reach
4.32 billion tce by the year 2015; CO2 emissions will reach 8.89 bil- lion tons and
the corresponding non-fossil energy supply needs to reach 492 Mtce so as to ...

Author : Ye QI

Release : 2013-08-15

Publisher : BRILL

ISBN : 9004251820

File Size : 87.83 MB

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A special volume in the Chinese Research Perspectives on the Environment series, this English-language volume is an edited collection of articles from the Chinese-language volume of The Annual Review of Low-Carbon Development in China (2011-2012).

China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition

27 The relationship between the peak carbon emission and non-fossil energy
development goals than 22%. This indicates that to achieve the 2030 peak
carbon emissions and non-fossil energy development goals at the same time,
China ...

Author :

Release : 2020-01-01

Publisher : Springer Nature

ISBN : 3030401545

File Size : 62.5 MB

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This open access book is an encyclopaedic analysis of the current and future energy system of the world's most populous country and second biggest economy. What happens in China impacts the planet. In the past 40 years China has achieved one of the most remarkable economic growth rates in history. Its GDP has risen by a factor of 65, enabling 850,000 people to rise out of poverty. Growth on this scale comes with consequences. China is the world's biggest consumer of primary energy and the world's biggest emitter of CO2 emissions. Creating a prosperous and harmonious society that delivers economic growth and a high quality of life for all will require radical change in the energy sector, and a rewiring of the economy more widely. In China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition, a team of researchers from the Development Research Center of the State Council of China and Shell International examine how China can revolutionise its supply and use of energy. They examine the entire energy system: coal, oil, gas, nuclear, renewables and new energies in production, conversion, distribution and consumption. They compare China with case studies and lessons learned in other countries. They ask which technology, policy and market mechanisms are required to support the change and they explore how international cooperation can smooth the way to an energy revolution in China and across the world. And, they create and compare scenarios on possible pathways to a future energy system that is low-carbon, affordable, secure and reliable. .

Advances in Energy Science and Equipment Engineering

Using the provincial panel data in China from 2003 to 2011 , the results show that
the use of non - fossil energy has ... However , the continued decline of labor -
energy ratio has a negative effect on carbon productivity growth in China . What
is ...

Author : Shiquan Zhou

Release : 2015-11-05

Publisher : CRC Press

ISBN : 1315667983

File Size : 44.94 MB

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Advances in Energy Equipment Science and Engineering contains selected papers from the 2015 International Conference on Energy Equipment Science and Engineering (ICEESE 2015, Guangzhou, China, 30-31 May 2015). The topics covered include:- Advanced design technology- Energy and chemical engineering- Energy and environmental engineering- Energy scien

China’s Role in Reducing Carbon Emissions

This book is a valuable resource for students and scholars of climate change, sustainable development, political science and energy, as well as energy professionals seeking to understand the implications of recent developments in China.

Author : David Toke

Release : 2017-04-21

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1351997874

File Size : 51.92 MB

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China, a still developing economy comprising a fifth of the world’s population, will play a key role in the global movement towards reducing carbon emissions. The aims of the Paris Agreement may stand or fall with China, both for its own contribution and the example it will set the developing world. China’s Role in Reducing Carbon Emissions discusses the prospects for China achieving radical reductions in carbon emissions, within the context of the current economic and political landscape. With a particular focus on technologies such as such as wind power, solar power and electric vehicles, Toke examines how China is transitioning to a state of stable energy consumption via a service-based economy and heavy investment in non-fossil energy sources. The book concludes that China may be set to reduce its carbon emissions by approximately two-thirds by 2050. This book is a valuable resource for students and scholars of climate change, sustainable development, political science and energy, as well as energy professionals seeking to understand the implications of recent developments in China.

Advanced Research on Environmental Science and Material Application

Introduction To realize the proportion of non-fossil fuels in primary energy
consumption from 9% to 15% in 2020 and ... and utilizing new energy and going
a road of green development has become the only way for the development of
China's ...

Author : Helen Zhang

Release : 2012-11-29

Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN : 303813922X

File Size : 35.56 MB

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The proceedings of the International Conference on Environmental Science and Material Application (ESME2012), held on the 13 and 14th October 2012 in Beijing, China, are arranged under the headings of: Environmental Resources, Environmental Materials and Environmental Protection; Materials Engineering and Materials Applications. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).

Solar Energy and Nonfossil Fuel Research

A Directory of Projects Related to Agriculture ... AND STORAGE SYSTEM FOR
SUPPLEMENTAL HEATING OF BROILER HOUSES 1.0067 SOLAR ENERGY
GRAIN DRYlNG (INDIANA) 1.0131 SOLAR ENERGY FOR MlLKlNG ... CHINA
LAKE PYROLYSlS SYSTEM 2.0133 PYROLYTlC CONVERSlON OF
LlGNOCELLULO.

Author :

Release : 1979

Publisher :

ISBN :

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China’s Climate-Energy Policy

This book therefore seeks to examine the economic, social and ecological effects associated with China’s climate-energy policy.

Author : Akihisa Mori

Release : 2018-07-04

Publisher : Taylor & Francis

ISBN : 1351037560

File Size : 37.40 MB

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China’s recent climate-energy policy, an outcome of contemporary challenges, has generated conflict of interest amongst major stakeholders. Coupled with a boost in demand for oil, gas and coal, as well as a rapid growth in wind and solar power, it has not only affected domestic fossil fuel and renewable energy providers, but has also provoked a resource boom, affecting development pathways internationally. This book therefore seeks to examine the economic, social and ecological effects associated with China’s climate-energy policy. Assessing how the policy has been and will be formulated and implemented, it analyses the changing use of energy, CO2 emissions and GDP, as well as social and environmental impacts both domestically and internationally. It presents in-depth case studies on specific policies in China and on its resource exporting countries, such as Indonesia, Australia, Myanmar and Mongolia. At the same time, using quantitative data, it provides detailed input-output and applied computable general equilibrium analyses. Arguing that China has actively advanced its climate-energy policy to become a leader of global climate governance, it demonstrates that China ultimately relocates the cost of its climate-energy policy to resource exporting countries. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of energy, the environment and sustainability, as well as Chinese Studies and economics.

Simultaneous Multi-Pollutants Removal in Flue Gas by Ozone

Fossil fuels have been traditionally the major primary energy sources worldwide,
and their role is expected to continue ... to Chinese energy consumption structure
and its inherent cost competitiveness compared to other fossil or non-fossil fuel ...

Author : Zhihua Wang

Release : 2014-11-06

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 3662435144

File Size : 57.94 MB

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Simultaneous Multi-Pollutants Removal in Flue Gas by Ozone mainly introduces the multi-pollution control technology in flue gas by ozone oxidation. Based on the authors' recent research works, the book will provide readers with the updated fundamental research findings, comprised of the detail kinetic mechanisms between ozone and gas components in flue gas integrated with experimental and kinetic modeling work. The demonstration case of the multi-pollutant removal technology by ozone is also presented. The book is suitable for the researchers working in the areas of energy and environmental protection, and pollutant control technology. Zhihua Wang is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization of Zhejiang University; Kefa Cen is the Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the director of Institute for Thermal Power Engineering of Zhejiang University; Junhu Zhou is a Qiushi Scholar Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization of Zhejiang University; Jianren Fan is the Cheung Kong Scholar Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization of Zhejiang University.

Renewable Energy and Environmental Technology

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environmental Technology (REET 2013), September 21-22, 2013, Jilin, China.

Author : Mo Jie Sun

Release : 2013-10-31

Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN : 3038262935

File Size : 36.98 MB

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Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environmental Technology (REET 2013), September 21-22, 2013, Jilin, China. The 860 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Environmental Chemistry and Biology; Chapter 2: Environmental Materials; Chapter 3: Environmental Safety and Health; Chapter 4: Environmental Planning and Assessment; Chapter 5: Environmental Analysis and Monitoring; Chapter 6: Environmental Restoration Engineering; Chapter 7: Pollution Control Technology; Chapter 8: Waste Disposal and Recycling; Chapter 9: Ecological and Environmental Protection; Chapter 10: Forest Cultivation and Plant Protection; Chapter 11: Hydrology, Water Resources Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation; Chapter 12: Storage and Processing of Agricultural Products; Chapter 13: Water Supply and Drainage; Chapter 14: Green Building Materials, Architecture and Energy-Saving Technology; Chapter 15: Cleaner Production Processes; Chapter 16: Development and Utilization of Solar Energy; Chapter 17: Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy; Chapter 18: Development and Utilization of Wind Energy; Chapter 19: Nuclear Energy Engineering; Chapter 20: High Voltage and Insulation Technology; Chapter 21: Power Electronics and Power Drives; Chapter 22: Power Grid and Smart Grid Technologies; Chapter 23: Power System and Automation; Chapter 24: Power System Management; Chapter 25: Storage Technology and Energy-Saving Technology; Chapter 26: Energy Materials; Chapter 27: Energy Chemical Engineering; Chapter 28: New Energy Vehicles and Electric Vehicles; Chapter 29: Engineering Thermophysics and Thermal Engineering; Chapter 30: Research and Design of Machinery and Manufacture in Mechanical Engineering; Chapter 31: Data and Signal Processing, Measurements, Information Technology and Automation Technology; Chapter 32: Mineral Prospecting and Exploration; Chapter 33: Mining Engineering and Mineral Process Engineering; Chapter 34: Oil and Gas Well Development Projects; Chapter 35: Urban and Regional Planning; Chapter 36: Energy Strategy, Resources and Economic Development; Chapter 37: Ecological Economy, Circular Economy and Low-Carbon Economy; Chapter 38: Engineering Management and Engineering Education

Energy Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050

Energy is not only economic resource, but also strategic and political resource.
The sustainable development of energy directly influences China's security and
modernization. However, owing to the prolonged utilization of tremendous
amount of fossil fuel, greenhouse gases are emitted and accumulated in the
atmosphere.

Author : Yong Chen

Release : 2010-08-18

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9783642053207

File Size : 52.63 MB

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As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of energy science. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out China's S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with China's reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China's modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with China's reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation's highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government's decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China's high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.

Toxic Capitalism

The following are non-official estimates from Total (China) Investment Co., Ltd. on
the composition of primary energy sources in early 2010, based on what it claims
to be extensive research; non-fossil fuels here stand at 5%: Coal: 73% Oil: ...

Author : Gilbert Van Kerckhove

Release : 2012-09-19

Publisher : AuthorHouse

ISBN : 1477219072

File Size : 80.83 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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The West is causing depletion of natural resources and environmental destruction with the help of questionable companies, financial institutions and governments. Today, all eyes are on China and its hazardous environment. Toxic Capitalism, a succinct volume jam-packed with informative but scary data, shows how to fight overconsumption and wastage. Yes, there is a solution. Only complaining will not guarantee the well-being of future generations. What you will discover and learn in the book: The reality of Global Warming How financial institutions and companies fail in their job How governments fail in their duty, vested interests at work How income inequality affects society The role of corruption How inadequate job markets impede better consumption Details on water pollution & scarcity, focus on China What China is doing to combat pollution, to improve the energy mix and promote renewables How China roams the world to buy up and import the much needed resources, including food How much and why we waste (including food and medicine) Air pollution, soil pollution, impact on health Everyday examples of waste, focus on China How we can enforce quality and durability How we can do our part to safeguard the future for our children

Dams and Development in China

As hydropower meets a larger share of energy demand, it may also help to
reduce the consumption of fossil fuels; ... are pursuing alternative-energy-
development plans involving not just hydropower but also wind, solar, wave, and
biogas.

Author : Bryan Tilt

Release : 2014-12-02

Publisher : Columbia University Press

ISBN : 023153826X

File Size : 42.84 MB

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China is home to half of the world's large dams and adds dozens more each year. The benefits are considerable: dams deliver hydropower, provide reliable irrigation water, protect people and farmland against flooding, and produce hydroelectricity in a nation with a seeimingly insatiable appetite for energy. As hydropower responds to a larger share of energy demand, dams may also help to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, welcome news in a country where air and water pollution have become dire and greenhouse gas emissions are the highest in the world. Yet the advantages of dams come at a high cost for river ecosystems and for the social and economic well-being of local people, who face displacement and farmland loss. This book examines the array of water-management decisions faced by Chinese leaders and their consequences for local communities. Focusing on the southwestern province of Yunnan—a major hub for hydropower development in China—which encompasses one of the world's most biodiverse temperate ecosystems and one of China's most ethnically and culturally rich regions, Bryan Tilt takes the reader from the halls of decision-making power in Beijing to Yunnan's rural villages. In the process, he examines the contrasting values of government agencies, hydropower corporations, NGOs, and local communities and explores how these values are linked to longstanding cultural norms about what is right, proper, and just. He also considers the various strategies these groups use to influence water-resource policy, including advocacy, petitioning, and public protest. Drawing on a decade of research, he offers his insights on whether the world's most populous nation will adopt greater transparency, increased scientific collaboration, and broader public participation as it continues to grow economically.

Security and Profit in China’s Energy Policy

The growth of renewables in China is significant, but its share of the energy mix
remains small, and the annual increase ... The emphasis on nuclear energy and
renewables will continue to focus on non-fossil fuels to account for 11.4 percent
of ...

Author : Øystein Tunsjø

Release : 2013-11-19

Publisher : Columbia University Press

ISBN : 0231535430

File Size : 59.39 MB

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China has developed sophisticated hedging strategies to insure against risks in the international petroleum market. It has managed a growing net oil import gap and supply disruptions by maintaining a favorable energy mix, pursuing overseas equity oil production, building a state-owned tanker fleet and strategic petroleum reserve, establishing cross-border pipelines, and diversifying its energy resources and routes. Though it cannot be "secured," China's energy security can be "insured" by marrying government concern with commercial initiatives. This book comprehensively analyzes China's domestic, global, maritime, and continental petroleum strategies and policies, establishing a new theoretical framework that captures the interrelationship between security and profit. Arguing that hedging is central to China's energy-security policy, this volume links government concerns about security of supply to energy companies' search for profits, and by drawing important distinctions between threats and risks, peacetime and wartime contingencies, and pipeline and seaborne energy-supply routes, the study shifts scholarly focus away from securing and toward insuring an adequate oil supply and from controlling toward managing any disruptions to the sea lines of communication. The book is the most detailed and accurate look to date at how China has hedged its energy bets and how its behavior fits a hedging pattern.

Demands of Expanding Populations and Development Planning

This is a threat to soil fertility and reliable food sources for the Chinese population
. Increasing. Electrical. Energy. from. Non-Fossil. Fuel. Sources. Another way to
alleviate air pollution from CO2 and H2SO4 is to improve efficiency of ...

Author : Frederic R. Siegel

Release : 2008-08-03

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 3540788093

File Size : 51.36 MB

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Population: Answering the Needs and Demands The world’s human populationis 6. 6+ billion people and growing(by 80 million in 2005). Most of the growth is in less developed nations. The Population Reference Bureau (2006) estimates that the global population will reach 7. 9 billion people by 2025. It is projected to stabilize at 9. 2+ billion people by 2050. Governmentsstrive to attract industrial, manufacturing, services, and other projects to advance their economiesandthuscopewithexistingsocial andpoliticalproblemsand futurech- lenges heightened by expanding populations. They are encouraged in these efforts by international lending and development organizations such as the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation. These and other multilateral, regional and sub-regional development banks make funds available for economic and social improvement programs in developing countries (Table p. 1). Well-planned projects can stimulate economic growth and create wealth in a society. This wealth can be used to promote the health, education, and general welfare status of its members, and their employment opportunities even as populations expand. There are many theories that de ne and expound on economic development. Malizia and Feser (1999) summarize the theories in terms of their essential - namics, strengths and weaknesses, and how they are applied to achieve growth. All theories agree that economic advancement is based on investing capital in projects that can ourish and yield nancial gain over extended periods of time.

Evolutions in Sustainable Investing

... the widespread adoption of efficiency measures and the commercial
development of nonfossil fuel energy sources. The effects of industrialization
have accelerated the promotion of energy efficiency up the Chinese economic
and political ...

Author : Cary Krosinsky

Release : 2011-10-14

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

ISBN : 1118157923

File Size : 87.20 MB

Format : PDF

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Sustainable Investing is fast becoming an essential method of generating long-term returns, moving beyond the negative approaches to socially responsible investing that have dominated the field. This book, our second on the subject, provides over 15 case studies of leading global investors and companies demonstrating how they successfully apply sustainability aspects to their core strategies. Learn from prominent thought leaders Dan Esty and Paul Hawken among others who have contributed key chapters. Our chapter on performance shows clearly how these strategies have been working once negative approaches are parsed out by those examining fund returns. This book also examines in great depth what data exists, and what's on the horizon, to best measure & capture sustainability successfully. Regional perspectives, including 3 chapters on Asia, and focuses on Canada, Australia, Africa & India are also included, as is a look across asset classes. Sustainable Investing, when performed with a positive perspective, has been outperforming the mainstream, unlike negative approaches designed to match benchmark returns. From eco-efficiency to sustainability-driven innovation and beyond, investors of all shapes & sizes need to know how best to position themselves for the radical market shifts underway.

Energy Efficiency

A top-down approach is used to analyze the relationship between the Chinese
economic development and energy ... that China will peak its gross CO2
emissions and will increase non-fossil fuel share of all energy to approximately
20% by ...

Author : Ming Yang

Release : 2015-02-21

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 1447166663

File Size : 79.53 MB

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This book discusses how energy efficiency benefits the global environment, national energy security, local pollution mitigation, natural resource conservation, and utility bill reduction. In addition, this book provides many hands-on skills and knowledge to identify and develop energy efficiency projects. The literature review shows that energy efficiency has become the first fuel in the world energy supply. With empirical analyses, this book indicates that without continued investment in energy efficiency, neither China nor the U.S. could achieve their carbon emission reduction targets that were announced on November 13, 2014 during the Beijing 2014 APEC meeting. The authors argue that energy efficiency will become the first tool to mitigate climate change. These include (1) identifying energy efficiency barriers, (2) developing energy policies, (3) investing in energy efficient technologies, (4) undertaking project cost-effectiveness analysis, (5) de-risking and financing energy efficiency projects; (6) developing and managing energy service companies, and (7) promoting urban transport efficiency. Two case studies in energy efficiency improvement in electrical motors and industrial boilers are also presented. This book is written for college and university students, practitioners, researchers, consultants, project developers, and policy makers who want to dedicate their professional careers in global energy efficiency improvement, climate change mitigation, local clean air initiatives, and energy bill reduction.

Biofuels

The increase in greenhouse gases appears to be due to the burning of fossil
fuels, which has fuelled industrialization. In addition, the ... Therefore, given these
factors, considerable efforts have been made to develop non-fossil energy
sources. The sources ... The USA is the largest producer of carbon dioxide, but
China is predicted to overtake the USA by 2025 (World Resources Institute, 2006
). Neither ...

Author : Alan H. Scragg

Release : 2009

Publisher : CABI

ISBN : 1845935926

File Size : 41.10 MB

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Explores the production of biofuels as alternatives to fossil fuels, focusing on the technological issues. This textbook considers each type of biofuel in production, covering the benefits and problems with production and use and the potential for biological material to provide sufficient energy for the world's population.

The Governance of Energy in China

... energy we still need more efficiently (getting more from less),and supplying the
reduced amount of energy from nonfossil sources (basically switching
overtorenewablesand/or nuclearpower). Each ofthese options opens uparangeof
social, ...

Author : P. Andrews-Speed

Release : 2012-08-20

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 113728403X

File Size : 31.59 MB

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The way in which energy is governed in China is driving its rising level of carbon dioxide emissions. This book analyses the nature of energy governance in China by combining ideas relating to transition management with institutionalist theories, which helps to identify factors which assist or constrain the country's path to a low-carbon economy.