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Plato's Revenge

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Ophuls, William, 1934–
Plato's revenge : politics in the age of ecology / William Ophuls. p. cm Includes
bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-262-01590-5 (hardcover : alk.
paper) ...

Author : William Ophuls

Release : 2011-08-19

Publisher : MIT Press

ISBN : 0262297639

File Size : 60.10 MB

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A provocative essay that imagines a truly ecological future based on political transformation rather than the superficialities of “sustainability.” In this provocative call for a new ecological politics, William Ophuls starts from a radical premise: “sustainability” is impossible. We are on an industrial Titanic, fueled by rapidly depleting stocks of fossil hydrocarbons. Making the deck chairs from recyclable materials and feeding the boilers with biofuels is futile. In the end, the ship is doomed by the laws of thermodynamics and by the implacable biological and geological limits that are already beginning to pinch. Ophuls warns us that we are headed for a postindustrial future that, however technologically sophisticated, will resemble the preindustrial past in many important respects. With Plato's Revenge, Ophuls, author of Ecology and the Politics of Scarcity, envisions political and social transformations that will lead to a new natural-law politics based on the realities of ecology, physics, and psychology. In a discussion that ranges widely—from ecology to quantum physics to Jungian psychology to Eastern religion to Western political philosophy—Ophuls argues for an essentially Platonic politics of consciousness dedicated to inner cultivation rather than outward expansion and the pursuit of perpetual growth. We would then achieve a way of life that is materially and institutionally simple but culturally and spiritually rich, one in which humanity flourishes in harmony with nature.

Honor and Revenge: A Theory of Punishment

Indeed, as will be discussed below, the institution of a centralized administration
of punishment in place of revenge is one ... But it was Plato's reforms that began
such a shift; Plato's theory of punishment shifted the focus of punishment towards

Author : Whitley R.P. Kaufman

Release : 2012-08-28

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9400748450

File Size : 76.84 MB

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This book addresses the problem of justifying the institution of criminal punishment. It examines the “paradox of retribution”: the fact that we cannot seem to reject the intuition that punishment is morally required, and yet we cannot (even after two thousand years of philosophical debate) find a morally legitimate basis for inflicting harm on wrongdoers. The book comes at a time when a new “abolitionist” movement has arisen, a movement that argues that we should give up the search for justification and accept that punishment is morally unjustifiable and should be discontinued immediately. This book, however, proposes a new approach to the retributive theory of punishment, arguing that it should be understood in its traditional formulation that has been long forgotten or dismissed: that punishment is essentially a defense of the honor of the victim. Properly understood, this can give us the possibility of a legitimate moral justification for the institution of punishment.​

Eve's Revenge

7 In Plato's sex unity model there was no difference between the souls of men
and women. The problem for Plato was not women's souls but women's bodies
and their role in mothering. The female body was 60 Eve's Revenge.

Author : Lilian Calles Barger

Release : 2003-03-01

Publisher : Brazos Press

ISBN : 1587430401

File Size : 71.67 MB

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For every woman who's struggled to link her experience of the female body with her desire for Christian spirituality.

Anger, Mercy, Revenge

(Thus, unlike Plato, they did not think that people who had a natural talent for
mathematics were better than people who didn't, and they became more and
more skeptical that even the study of logic had much practical value.) They held
that all ...

Author : Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Release : 2012-11-20

Publisher : University of Chicago Press

ISBN : 0226748421

File Size : 70.44 MB

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Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BCE–65 CE) was a Roman Stoic philosopher, dramatist, statesman, and adviser to the emperor Nero, all during the Silver Age of Latin literature. The Complete Works of Lucius Annaeus Seneca is a fresh and compelling series of new English-language translations of his works in eight accessible volumes. Edited by world-renowned classicists Elizabeth Asmis, Shadi Bartsch, and Martha C. Nussbaum, this engaging collection restores Seneca—whose works have been highly praised by modern authors from Desiderius Erasmus to Ralph Waldo Emerson—to his rightful place among the classical writers most widely studied in the humanities. Anger, Mercy, Revenge comprises three key writings: the moral essays On Anger and On Clemency—which were penned as advice for the then young emperor, Nero—and the Apocolocyntosis, a brilliant satire lampooning the end of the reign of Claudius. Friend and tutor, as well as philosopher, Seneca welcomed the age of Nero in tones alternately serious, poetic, and comic—making Anger, Mercy, Revenge a work just as complicated, astute, and ambitious as its author.

Philosophy and Computing

The flowering of a world of learning through the long period from Francis Bacon's
motto plus ultra to Kant's illuministic reply sapere aude, had brought about Plato's
revenge. New knowledge could obviously be found; centuries of successful ...

Author : Luciano Floridi

Release : 2002-01-04

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1134679599

File Size : 52.89 MB

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Philosophy and Computing explores each of the following areas of technology: the digital revolution; the computer; the Internet and the Web; CD-ROMs and Mulitmedia; databases, textbases, and hypertexts; Artificial Intelligence; the future of computing. Luciano Floridi shows us how the relationship between philosophy and computing provokes a wide range of philosophical questions: is there a philosophy of information? What can be achieved by a classic computer? How can we define complexity? What are the limits of quantam computers? Is the Internet an intellectual space or a polluted environment? What is the paradox in the Strong Artificial Intlligence program? Philosophy and Computing is essential reading for anyone wishing to fully understand both the development and history of information and communication technology as well as the philosophical issues it ultimately raises.

Euripides: Hecuba

Greeks—philosophers like Plato excepted—certainly had no qualms about
admitting that revenge is both sweet and justifiable. The popular creed 'do good
to your friends and bad to your enemies' never went out of fashion. On this
principle ...

Author : Helene P. Foley

Release : 2014-12-18

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN : 1472569083

File Size : 59.42 MB

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Chosen as one of the ten canonical plays by Euripides during the Hellenistic period in Greece, Hecuba was popular throughout Antiquity. The play also became part of the so-called 'Byzantine triad' of three plays of Euripides (along with Phoenician Women and Orestes) selected for study in school curricula, above all for the brilliance of its rhetorical speeches and quotable traditional wisdom. Translations into Latin and vernacular languages, as well as stage performances emerged early in the sixteenth century. The Renaissance admired the play for its representation of the extraordinary suffering and misfortunes of its newly-enslaved heroine, the former queen of Troy Hecuba, for the courageous sacrificial death of her daughter Polyxena, and for the beleaguered queen's surprisingly successful revenge against the unscrupulous killer of her son Polydorus. Later periods, however, developed reservations about the play's revenge plot and its unity. Recent scholarship has favorably reassessed the play in its original cultural and political context and the past thirty years have produced a number of exciting staged productions. Hecuba has emerged as a profound exploration of the difficulties of establishing justice and a stable morality in post-war situations. This book investigates the play's changing critical and theatrical reception from Antiquity to the present, its mythical and political background, its dramatic and thematic unity, and the role of its choruses.

The Routledge Guidebook to Plato's Republic

Moreover punishment can blur into revenge, which positively aims at inflicting
harm. And that great ancient hero Achilles, the main character in ancient
Greece's greatest literary work, spends most of the Iliad acting from revenge,
hurting the ...

Author : Nickolas Pappas

Release : 2013-02-11

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1136205438

File Size : 23.58 MB

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Plato, often cited as a founding father of Western philosophy, set out ideas in the Republic regarding the nature of justice, order, and the character of the just individual, that endure into the modern day. The Routledge Guidebook to Plato’s Republic introduces the major themes in Plato’s great book and acts as a companion for reading the work, examining: The context of Plato’s work and the background to his writing Each separate part of the text in relation to its goals, meanings and impact The reception the book received when first seen by the world The relevance of Plato’s work to modern philosophy, its legacy and influence. With further reading included throughout, this text follows Plato’s original work closely, making it essential reading for all students of philosophy, and all those wishing to get to grips with this classic work.

Homosexuality and Civilization

In 404, at the end of the Peloponnesian War, relatives and friends of Plato
participated in the oligarchic terror that convulsed Athens under the Council of
Thirty; the restored democracy, in revenge, executed Socrates in 399. Plato's
detestation ...

Author : Louis Crompton

Release : 2009-07

Publisher : Harvard University Press

ISBN : 9780674030060

File Size : 24.99 MB

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How have major civilizations of the last two millennia treated people who were attracted to their own sex? In a narrative tour de force, Louis Crompton chronicles the lives and achievements of homosexual men and women alongside a darker history of persecution, as he compares the Christian West with the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome, Arab Spain, imperial China, and pre-Meiji Japan. Ancient Greek culture celebrated same-sex love in history, literature, and art, making high claims for its moral influence. By contrast, Jewish religious leaders in the sixth century B.C.E. branded male homosexuality as a capital offense and, later, blamed it for the destruction of the biblical city of Sodom. When these two traditions collided in Christian Rome during the late empire, the tragic repercussions were felt throughout Europe and the New World. Louis Crompton traces Church-inspired mutilation, torture, and burning of "sodomites" in sixth-century Byzantium, medieval France, Renaissance Italy, and in Spain under the Inquisition. But Protestant authorities were equally committed to the execution of homosexuals in the Netherlands, Calvin's Geneva, and Georgian England. The root cause was religious superstition, abetted by political ambition and sheer greed. Yet from this cauldron of fears and desires, homoerotic themes surfaced in the art of the Renaissance masters--Donatello, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Sodoma, Cellini, and Caravaggio--often intertwined with Christian motifs. Homosexuality also flourished in the court intrigues of Henry III of France, Queen Christina of Sweden, James I and William III of England, Queen Anne, and Frederick the Great. Anti-homosexual atrocities committed in the West contrast starkly with the more tolerant traditions of pre-modern China and Japan, as revealed in poetry, fiction, and art and in the lives of emperors, shoguns, Buddhist priests, scholars, and actors. In the samurai tradition of Japan, Crompton makes clear, the celebration of same-sex love rivaled that of ancient Greece. Sweeping in scope, elegantly crafted, and lavishly illustrated, "Homosexuality and Civilization" is a stunning exploration of a rich and terrible past.

Revenge in Athenian Culture

9. Herman, in particular, associates vengeance with violence in his studies on
revenge. See for example Herman (2000) 9. 10. Aristotle (Rhet. 1369b12); Plato (
Prt. 323d-324b; cf. Grg. 525b, Leg. 934a). Cf. Allen (2000) 18-19; Blundell (1989)

Author : Fiona McHardy

Release : 2013-10-16

Publisher : A&C Black

ISBN : 1472502531

File Size : 39.39 MB

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Revenge was an all important part of the ancient Athenian mentality, intruding on all forms of life - even where we might not expect to find it today. Revenge was of prime importance as a means of survival for the people of early Greece and remained in force during the rise of the 'poleis'. The revenge of epic heroes such as Odysseus and Menalaus influences later thinking about revenge and suggests that avengers prosper. Nevertheless, this does not mean that all forms of revenge were seen as equally acceptable in Athens. Differences in response are expected depending on the crime and the criminal. Through a close examination of the texts, Fiona McHardy here reveals a more complex picture of how the Athenian people viewed revenge.


... of victory and revenge . The champions of tyranny and the champions of
freedom are still engaged in constant warfare , and neither side can be certain of
ultimate success . In these circumstances Plato refrains from making a further
defence ...

Author :

Release :

Publisher : CUP Archive


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Plato's Invisible Cities

Parmenides speaks obscurely about justice as a divine power, an agent of
punishment and revenge, which holds the 'interchangeable keys' to the 'great
folding doors' in the gates of the path of Night and Day. Once those gates are
opened, ...

Author : Adi Ophir

Release : 2002-09-10

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1134959745

File Size : 67.41 MB

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This book offers an original and detailed reading of Plato's Republic, one of the most influential philosophical works in the emergence of Western philosophy. The author discusses the Republic in terms of discursive events and political acts. Plato's act is placed in the context of a politico-discursive crisis in Athens at the end of the fifth and the beginning of the fourth century B.C that gave rise to the dialogue's primary question, that of justice. The originality of Dr. Ophir lies in the way he reconstructs the Republic's different spatial settings - utopian, mythical, dramatic and discursive - using them as the main thread of his interpretation. Against the background of Plato's critique of the organisation of civic-space in the Greek polis, the author relates the spatial settings in the Plato text to each other. This provides a basis for a re-examination of the relationship between philosophy and politics, which Plato's work advocates, and which it actually enacted.

Revenge of the Aesthetic

... but complications set in with Plato's concept of imitation, the competing one in
Aristotle, and the spatializing language of early literary theory that lends itself to
Simonides's analogy of poetry and painting. Krieger studies the various moments

Author : Michael Clark

Release : 2000-07-17

Publisher : Univ of California Press

ISBN : 9780520220041

File Size : 51.29 MB

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"Revenge of the Aesthetic stands as a call for further reassessment of the kind of work being done in the field of literary studies and promises to occupy a critical position in ensuing debates over the place of literature in relation to theory."—Emory Elliott, Distinguised Professor of English, University of California, Riverside "In the landscape of theory, we have been in the throes of historicism, a variety of cultural studies, and a variety of marxisms--all reading right through the text as if texts were not material but transparent, as if they were representations of the social. That was their limit. Revenge of the Aesthetic may well mark the beginning of a revolution against such practices."—Helen Regueiro Elam, Professor of English, SUNY Albany

Shadow Philosophy: Plato's Cave and Cinema

Plato's Republic, written in the age of ancient Greece, describes an (even then)
ancient quarrel between philosophy and ... to some degree or other: love, a better
life, honor, beauty, dignity, revenge, freedom, justice, an enduring legacy, truth.

Author : Nathan Andersen

Release : 2014-04-16

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1317805887

File Size : 23.39 MB

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Shadow Philosophy: Plato’s Cave and Cinema is an accessible and exciting new contribution to film-philosophy, which shows that to take film seriously is also to engage with the fundamental questions of philosophy. Nathan Andersen brings Stanley Kubrick’s film A Clockwork Orange into philosophical conversation with Plato’s Republic, comparing their contributions to themes such as the nature of experience and meaning, the character of justice, the contrast between appearance and reality, the importance of art, and the impact of images. At the heart of the book is a novel account of the analogy between Plato’s allegory of the cave and cinema, developed in conjunction with a provocative interpretation of the most powerful image from A Clockwork Orange, in which the lead character is strapped to a chair and forced to watch violent films. Key features of the book include: a comprehensive bibliography of suggested readings on Plato, on film, on philosophy, and on the philosophy of film a list of suggested films that can be explored following the approach in this book, including brief descriptions of each film, and suggestions regarding its philosophical implications a summary of Plato’s Republic, book by book, highlighting both dramatic context and subject matter. Offering a close reading of the controversial classic film A Clockwork Orange, and an introductory account of the central themes of the philosophical classic The Republic, this book will be of interest to both scholars and students of philosophy and film, as well as to readers of Plato and fans of Stanley Kubrick.

Plato's Political Philosophy

The closed doors show our fear of revenge, but laughing at the stupidity of the
strong also encourages us to attack them. This attack is just if the pretense to
virtue or wisdom is far enough from the truth, for we especially think here of the
strong ...

Author : Mark Blitz

Release : 2010-12-02

Publisher : JHU Press

ISBN : 9780801899188

File Size : 32.21 MB

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It is an excellent companion to Plato's Dialogues.

An Introduction to Plato's Laws

Plato often talks as though injustice is a kind of extreme folly or stupidity or even a
mental disease. This passage shows that he ... immediately repents. The second
category includes cases where one person seeks to kill another in revenge for ...

Author : R. F. Stalley

Release : 1983

Publisher : Hackett Publishing

ISBN : 9780915145843

File Size : 25.89 MB

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Reading the Republic without reference to the less familiar Laws can lead to a distorted view of Plato's political theory. In the Republic the philosopher describes his ideal city; in his last and longest work he deals with the more detailed considerations involved in setting up a second-best 'practical utopia.' The relative neglect of the Laws has stemmed largely from the obscurity of its style and the apparent chaos of its organization so that, although good translations now exist, students of philosophy and political science still find the text inaccessible. This first full-length philosophical introduction to the Laws will therefore prove invaluable. The opening chapters describe the general character of the dialogue and set it in the context of Plato's political philosophy as a whole. Each of the remaining chapters deals with a single topic, ranging over material scattered through the text and so drawing together the threads of the argument in a stimulating and readily comprehensible way. Those topics include education, punishment, responsibility, religion, virtue and pleasure as well as political matters and law itself. Throughout, the author encourages the reader to think critically about Plato's ideas and to see their relevance to present-day philosophical debate. No knowledge of Greek is required and only a limited background in philosophy. Although aimed primarily at students, the book will also be of interest to more advanced readers since it provides for the first time a philosophical, as opposed to linguistic or historical, commentary on the Laws in English.


Plato ' s Revenge It is silly to pretend that a classical education has no practical
advantages . But for my classical upbringing , I should have been lost and quite
unable even to guess which lavatory to enter : the one marked GYNAIKON or the

Author : George Mikes

Release : 1986-09

Publisher :

ISBN : 9780233957456

File Size : 65.66 MB

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Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Phaedo

Theater of the Mind Plato ... I am corrupting young people, and have already
corrupted some, the ones who have grown up and become aware that I have led
them astray in their youth should come forward, accuse me, and take their

Author : Plato

Release : 2005

Publisher : Agora Publications, Inc.

ISBN : 9781887250436

File Size : 61.59 MB

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These four dialogues enact the trial and execution of Socrates, presenting a dialectical process that shows not only why the Athenians condemned him to death but, much more to the point, the reason why Socrates lived and devoted himself to examining the meaning of life. These works not only offer the best introduction to Plato's way of doing philosophy but also serve as an excellent introduction to philosophy itself.

The Laws of Plato

That of deliberate revenge, one of three years. The circumstances of the crime,
and the behaviour of the criminal when in exile will determine the state's
reception of him when he returns. 868. If either of these offenders is led by the
incitement ...

Author :

Release : 1921

Publisher : Manchester University Press


File Size : 73.59 MB

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Aristotle and Science

Author : Giorgio De Santillana

Release : 1959

Publisher :


File Size : 21.10 MB

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Anti-Mimesis from Plato to Hitchcock

Theodor Adorno In Poe's tale of entrapment and revenge, “The Cask of
Amontillado," there is a fairly pointless aside that, on reflection, opens onto a
central question about how we read Poe today – that is, as readers located
between the ...

Author : Tom Cohen

Release : 1994-09-08

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 9780521465847

File Size : 80.38 MB

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The material elements of writing have long been undervalued; but analysis of these elements--sound, signature, letters--can transform our understanding of major texts. Tom Cohen argues in this book that in an era of representational criticism the role of close reading has been overlooked. Through astonishing new readings of writers such as Plato, Bakhtin, Poe, Whitman, and Conrad, Professor Cohen exposes the limitations of new historicism and neo-pragmatism, and demonstrates how the "materiality of language" challenges representational models of meaning imposed by the canon.