John Cage is the outstanding composer of avant-garde music today. The Saturday Review said of him: “Cage possesses one of the rarest qualities of the true creator- that of an original mind- and whether that originality pleases, irritates, amuses or outrages is irrelevant.” “He refuses to sermonize or pontificate. What John Cage offers is more refreshing, more spirited, much more fun-a kind of carefree skinny-dipping in the infinite. It’s what’s happening now.” –The American Record Guide “There is no such thing as an empty space or an empty time. There is always something to see, something to hear. In fact, try as we may to make a silence, we cannot. Sounds occur whether intended or not; the psychological turning in direction of those not intended seems at first to be a giving up of everything that belongs to humanity. But one must see that humanity and nature, not separate, are in this world together, that nothing was lost when everything was given away.”
The contributions in this volume focus on the ways in which silence and music relate, contemplate each other and provide new avenues for addressing and gaining understanding of various realms of human endeavour. The book maps out this little-explored aspect of the sonic arena with the intention of defining the breadth of scope and to introduce interdisciplinary paths of exploration as a way forward for future discourse. Topics addressed include the idea of 'silent music' in the work of English philosopher Peter Sterry and Spanish Jesuit St John of the Cross; the apparently paradoxical contemplation of silence through the medium of music by Messiaen and the relationship between silence and faith; the aesthetics of Susan Sontag applied to Cage's idea of silence; silence as a different means of understanding musical texture; ways of thinking about silences in music produced during therapy sessions as a form of communication; music and silence in film, including the idea that music can function as silence; and the function of silence in early chant. Perhaps the most all-pervasive theme of the book is that of silence and nothingness, music and spirituality: a theme that has appeared in writings on John Cage but not, in a broader sense, in scholarly writing. The book reveals that unexpected concepts and ways of thinking emerge from looking at sound in relation to its antithesis, encompassing not just Western art traditions, but the relationship between music, silence, the human psyche and sociological trends - ultimately, providing deeper understanding of the elemental places both music and silence hold within world philosophies and fundamental states of being. Silence, Music, Silent Music will appeal to those working in the fields of musicology, psychology of religion, gender studies, aesthetics and philosophy.
THE INTERNATIONAL BESTSELLER This breathtaking, inspiring little book teaches us how to find precious moments of silence - whether we are crossing the Antarctic, climbing Everest, or on the train at rush hour. 'Quietly, wisely, Silence makes a case for dumbing the din of modern life, and learning to listen again' Robert Macfarlane What is silence? Where can it be found? Why is it more important than ever? Norwegian explorer Erling Kagge once spent fifty days walking solo across Antarctica, his radio broken. In this charming, quietly life-changing book - now an international publishing phenomenon - he takes us on a journey to unlock the power of silence. And he shows us how to find perfect silence in our daily lives, however busy we are. 'A bestseller on why finding inner silence is the key to happiness . . . bound to hit our sweet spot for wanting to unplug and disconnect from the world' Evening Standard 'Fascinating' The Times 'As an explorer Erling Kagge is world class; as a writer he is equally gifted. This breathtaking, inspiring little book teaches us how to find precious moments of silence - whether we are crossing the Antarctic, climbing Everest, or on the train at rush hour' Sir Ranulph Fiennes 'Erling Kagge is a philosophical adventurer - or perhaps an adventurous philosopher' New York Times
Scholar Israel Knohl offers a new perspective on the history and theology of the Priestly source of the Pentateuch. Knohl claims that groups associated with the Priestly Torah appear ensconced within the Temple, operating within a "Sanctuary of Silence", in contrast to the later Holiness School, which reached a loftier conception of God and a broader purview of faith, holiness, and practice.
Civil War and the Culture of Repression in Franco's Spain, 1936-1945
Author: Michael Richards
Pubpsher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Business & Economics
The years 1936-1945 in Spain saw catastrophic civil war followed by fierce repression and economic misery. Families were torn apart and social relations were disrupted by death, exile and defeat. Society became traumatized so deeply that people avoided talking openly of these years for decades. This study attempts to show how the Civil War was understood and absorbed, particularly by those who could claim themselves as 'the victors', during and in the immediate aftermath of the conflict. It does so by exploring the interchanges between violence, ideas and economics during a period in which liberalism was seen as foreign contagion that infected carriers of impurities such as freemasons, regional nationalists, the working class, non-Catholics and women. This was the context of the internal colonization that confirmed Franco's victory, concentrated economic power, and left executions and starvation in its wake.
This book is about silence and power and how they interact. It argues that only by studying how silence works-how it is implicated in the construction of meaning-can we arrive at the elusive roots of power in all its dimensions. Silence becomes the currency of power by delineating the margins or what we perceive and through a sleight of hand wherein behaviors undertaken in the service of self-interest appear instead as inevitable and devoid of human agency. The theoretical load of this argument is carried by vivid ethnographic material dealing with music, linguistic behavior, racial conflicts, work dislocations, and the construction of anthropological subjects and texts.
How and why is silence used interculturally? Approaching the phenomenon of silence from multiple perspectives, this book shows how silence is used, perceived and at times misinterpreted in intercultural communication. Using a model of key aspects of silence in communication linguistic, cognitive and sociopsychological and fundamental levels of social organization individual, situational and sociocultural - the book explores the intricate relationship between perceptions and performance of silence in interaction involving Japanese and Australian participants. Through a combination of macro- and micro- ethnographic analyses of university seminar interactions, the stereotypes of the 'silent East' is reconsidered, and the tension between local and sociocultural perspectives of intercultural communication is addressed. The book has relevance to researchers and students in intercultural pragmatics, discourse analysis and applied linguistics.
Human Rights Violations Based on Sexual Orientation
Pubpsher: Amnesty International USA
Category: Gay liberation movement
Gays, lesbians & bisexuals in parts of the world live in constant fear of government persecution. Many live in constant fear that lives lived on both sides of closet doors will be snuffed out behind the closed doors of government repression. In this report, AI breaks the silence that has surrounded the persecution of people because of their sexual orientation--silence that has allowed governments to kill, torture & detain arbitrarily--& suggests steps towards a different future. 53 pages. Feb. 1994, ISBN 0-939994-86-0, $6.00. Order from Amnesty International USA, 322 8th Ave., New York, NY 10001; 212-807-8400.
In the last century six discoveries altered the course of human destiny: nuclear fission, the microchip, television, the radio, the telephone and development of the airplane. This is the true story of the man responsible for two of them...and the incredible woman he loved. Sixteen year old Mabel Bell was deaf. He became her teacher and taught her how to speak. After they were married she managed his business affairs and later, when he became world famous, she handled all of his finances. He had a childlike curiosity about everything around him. He was an accomplished pianist, an author, lecturer, and an extraordinary inventive genius—the Venetian blind, the iron lung, the hydrofoil, aircraft tricycle landing gear, wing ailerons, a method of producing fresh water from sea water for sailors adrift, genetics, animal breeding, kites, airfoils, he founded the National Geographic Society, the list goes on and on. Yet above all he was a teacher, a warm hearted kindly man whom the almighty, in his wisdom, endowed with genius. It has been conservatively estimated that over a half billion people on earth owe their livelihood and well being—at least in part—to that genius of Alexander Graham Bell.