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The Last Speakers

Thought-provoking and engaging, this unique book illuminates the global language-extinction crisis through photos, graphics, interviews, traditional wisdom never before translated into English, and first-person essays that thrillingly ...

Author : K. David Harrison

Release : 2010-09-21

Publisher : National Geographic Books

ISBN : 1426206682

File Size : 83.90 MB

Format : PDF, Mobi

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Part travelogue and part scientist's notebook, The Last Speakers is the poignant chronicle of author K. David Harrison's expeditions around the world to meet with last speakers of vanishing languages. The speakers' eloquent reflections and candid photographs reveal little-known lifeways as well as revitalization efforts to teach disappearing languages to younger generations. Thought-provoking and engaging, this unique book illuminates the global language-extinction crisis through photos, graphics, interviews, traditional wisdom never before translated into English, and first-person essays that thrillingly convey the adventure of science and exploration.

Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Their children become bilingual, but their children are monolingual English
speakers. There is a number of historical reports of “last speakers,” although
these are not always entirely accurate. Dolly Pentreath died in 1777, allegedly
the last ...

Author : John Edwards

Release : 2013-07-11

Publisher : Oxford University Press

ISBN : 0199858632

File Size : 44.93 MB

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Sociolinguistics deals with the social life of language, language in its sociocultural context. It is a branch of linguistics that looks less at the shape or sound of words--morphology or phonology--and more at how our words and sentences are influenced by the society around us--for instance, how the accent or the dialect we use has been shaped by where we come from or which social class we belong to. In this Very Short Introduction, John Edwards offers the most up-to-date brief overview available of sociolinguistics, with side trips into the sociology of language and psycholinguistics. He considers such topics as the different social evaluations of languages and dialects, the loaded significance of names, and the importance of politically-driven language planning and policy. The relationship between language and gender, sexist language, the language of poverty, and the intertwining of language and religion are also dealt with here. Edwards stresses that, while linguists see all dialects as equally valid, in the wider world powerful attitudes have always placed language varieties in social hierarchies. The author also looks at language more broadly, examining the ways in which languages rise or fall, the attempts to revive flagging or endangered varieties, the reasons why some languages came to dominate others, and the special dynamics that affect contact between "big" and "small" languages. In both its role as our most powerful tool of communication and as the most immediate symbolic marker of human affiliation, language is pre-eminently a social phenomenon. This compact volume offers an invaluable introduction to this vital aspect of language. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

Election of the Speaker and of the Deputy Speakers

It is clear that the informal arrangements put in place for the last Speaker ' s
election worked well and should be the norm for the future . We welcome the part
played by outside organisations such as the Hansard Society in organising
hustings ...

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Procedure Committee

Release : 2010-02-03

Publisher : The Stationery Office

ISBN : 9780215543738

File Size : 86.93 MB

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The election of the Speaker in 2009 was the first to be held under the new rules recommended by the Procedure Committee in 2000. The Committee reports satisfaction that it met the test of enabling the House to reach its decision in a fair and transparent way, and the use of the secret ballot was a particular success. Some improvements, though, are recommended: names of sponsors should be published; the minimum number of sponsors should be increased to 15; hustings should be welcomed but should continue to be run by outside organisations; the time allowed for each round of voting should be reduced to 20 minutes to speed up the process. The Committee has also devised a detailed procedure for electing Deputy Speakers reflecting that used for the Speaker, including the secret ballot, a minimum number of sponsors and publication of the names of those sponsors. Candidates should submit a brief statement along with their nomination form instead of speeches or hustings. The existing conventions would continue: the four Deputy Speakers should be drawn equally from the Government and opposition side of the House; there should be at least one man and at least one woman on the team.

Heritage Languages and their Speakers

If this is the case, going back to Sasse's question about the degree to which the
speech of the last speakers is representative of the original structure (Sasse 1992
: 76), the answer is that it is impossible to tell. Maybe the original (baseline) ...

Author : Maria Polinsky

Release : 2018-08-16

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 1108588719

File Size : 64.51 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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This book provides a pioneering introduction to heritage languages and their speakers, written by one of the founders of this new field. Using examples from a wide range of languages, it covers all the main components of grammar, including phonetics and phonology, morphology and morphosyntax, semantics and pragmatics, and shows easy familiarity with approaches ranging from formal grammar to typology, from sociolinguistics to child language acquisition and other relevant aspects of psycholinguistics. The book offers analysis of resilient and vulnerable domains in heritage languages, with a special emphasis on recurrent structural properties that occur across multiple heritage languages. It is explicit about instances where, based on our current knowledge, we are unable to reach a clear decision on a particular claim or analytical point, and therefore provides a much-needed resource for future research.

Last Words

The visiting speakers respond in a similar way, and if they are from a different
hapü or iwi, a mau-ä-ringa or koha (monetary gift to assist the marae and family
with catering and funeral arrangements) is presented by the last speaker.

Author : Margot Schwass

Release : 2005

Publisher : Bridget Williams Books

ISBN : 1877242349

File Size : 46.43 MB

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A short book about different practices for acknowledging death in the different cultures and religions currently in New Zealand. While it is designed for use by nurses and doctors, chaplains, funeral directors, police, hospice workers and community workers, the book is also intended for general readers.

Language Rights

She was the last native speaker of Bo, a language of India's Andaman Islands,
with ancient roots (ibid.). Viktors ... The obituaries narrate the loneliness of these
speakers, and how their deaths announce the deaths of more world languages.

Author : Vanessa Pupavac

Release : 2012-09-24

Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN : 140394086X

File Size : 32.17 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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Speech is core to our humanity and fundamental to our capacity to assert political rights, and determine what is just and unjust. Rights therefore mean little if they do not relate to speech. But what are language rights? What language or speech is defended? How do language rights relate to each other? This book explores these questions and examines language rights politics in theoretical, historical and international context, bringing together debates from law, sociolinguistics, international politics, and the history of ideas. It includes a critical exploration of the following issues: Language rights as linguistic identity rights, International linguistic human rights in theory and practice, Language rights advocacy and global governance, Linguistic imperialism and global English debates, National language politics and global governance in Bosnia, The emerging field of ecolinguistics, Hate speech and counter-terrorism legislation. The author looks at how, why and where freedom of speech is endangered, and argues that international language rights advocacy supports the global governance of language and questions freedoms of speech and expression.

The Commons and Their Speakers in English Parliaments, 1376-1523

These requests the King allowed, saying that he wished Tiptoft to have as
comprehensive a protestation as previous Speakers had enjoyed.1 As it
happened, the King himself was able to profit by his own concession later in the

Author : John Smith Roskell

Release : 1965-01-01

Publisher : Manchester University Press


File Size : 88.51 MB

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The Lost Art of the Great Speech

and he was unhappy at the prospect of having to change his prepared remarks
on the spot to accommodate the previous speakers. The situation posed a real
challenge for my client. It required him to come up with some ideas and
information ...

Author : Richard Dowis

Release : 1999-10-05

Publisher : AMACOM

ISBN : 0814424899

File Size : 82.52 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Docs

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"Splashy slides, confident body language, and a lot of eye contact are fine and well. But if a speech is rambling, illogical, or just plain boring, the impact will be lost. Now everyone can learn to give powerful, on-target speeches that capture an audience's attention and drive home a message. The key is not just in the delivery techniques, but in tapping into the power of language. Prepared by an award-winning writer, this authoritative speech-writing guide covers every essential element of a great speech, including outlining and organizing, beginning with a bang, making use of action verbs and vivid nouns, and handling questions from the audience. Plus, the book includes excerpts from some of history's most memorable speeches--eloquent words to contemplate and emulate."

Cobbett's Parliamentary History of England from the Norman Conquest in 1066, to the Year 1803, from which Last-mentioned Epoch it is Continued Downwards in the Work Entitled, "Cobbett's Parliamentary Debates" ...

The serjeant having i The House divided : brought the mace and laid it under the
Tellers . table , The Marquis of Graham rose , and in a YEAS 41 short speech
passed an eulogium on the splendid talents of the last Speaker , who Noes .

Author : Great Britain. Parliament

Release : 1816

Publisher :


File Size : 67.26 MB

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The Parliamentary History of England from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803

From which Last-mentioned Epoch it is Continued Downwards in the Work
Entitled "Hansard's Parliamentary Debates." Speaker there but the present, how
could he agree to thank the late Speaker for his conduct? On the first day of the ...

Author :

Release : 1814

Publisher :


File Size : 25.93 MB

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Includes information from the Norman conquest through the 1st session of the 2d Parliament.


For humanity, that is great loss. It is a loss of even more importance than the
dreadful destruction of animal and plant species. In Cameroon in 1994/95, a
researcher, Bruce Connell, visited the last speaker of a language called Kasabe (
or Luo).

Author : Dr. Jean-Marc Dewaele

Release : 2003-03-05

Publisher : Multilingual Matters

ISBN : 1847699235

File Size : 81.14 MB

Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi

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The publication of Hugo Baetens Beardsmore’s book Bilingualism: Basic Principles by Multilingual Matters in 1982 coincided with an unprecedented upsurge of interest in bilingualism. A major reason for this was the acknowledgement that bilingualism is far more common than was previously thought, and perhaps even the norm. The number of bilinguals at the turn of the third millennium is probably greater than ever before and will continue to grow as a result of the combined forces of globalisation, automatisation, increased mobility and migration, and modernisation of foreign language teaching. The contributions in this book prove that, given the right conditions, bilingualism can confer distinct benefits like intellectual, psychological, social, cultural and economic improvement on the individual. The papers in this volume have been written by leading scholars in the field of bilingualism and deal with individual bilingualism, societal and educational phenomena, addressing issues such as bilingual usage, acquisition, teaching, and language planning and policy. The volume’s major asset lies in its diversity, not only in depth of investigation and in topical variety but also in the range of languages and geographical regions covered. Another important feature of the volume is its multidisciplinary perspective. Among the contributors are linguists, sociologists, psychologists and sociolinguists.

The Last Bizarre Tale

introduCtion. My name is Harold Obolinsky. Or should I first say, Good evening,
Ladies and Gentlemen? When I was allowed to introduce our distinguished
speaker, I wondered, Why me? Given the obvious fact that I have no credentials
in this ...

Author : David Madden

Release : 2014-08-10

Publisher : Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN : 1621900525

File Size : 61.60 MB

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Though he has authored more than eleven novels including, Cassandra Singing, The Suicide’s Wife, Abducted by Circumstance, and the recent London Bridge in Plague and Fire, David Madden has been publishing short stories for all six decades of his active career. The Last Bizarre Tale consists of works that appeared in journals but that have not appeared together as a collection. Madden used two stories, “The Singer” and “Second Look Presents: the Rape of an Indian Brave,” as chapters in his 1980 novel On the Big Wind. “The Headless Girl’s Mother” was first published as a chapter in a serialized novel entitled Hair of the Dog. Two other stories developed out of longer versions of Madden’s novels. “A Demon in My View” is part of a sequel, not yet published, to Bijou. All of the stories in David Madden’s third collection are distinguished by variety of content and by shifting styles and often innovative techniques. They are to varying degrees and in various ways bizarre in their characters and their relationships, in the kinds of internal and external conflicts, and in locales and themes. The title story, The Last Bizarre Tale, involving a corpse that has hung on a hook in a funeral home garage for decades, is evocative of Poe and, in its dark, grotesque humor, Flannery O’Connor and Carson McCullers. “Process is as important as product to David Madden,” writes editor James Perkins, “and one can learn as much about the process of writing as about the human condition by a careful reading of these stories.” The author of eleven novels and two short story collections, David Madden is known for his innovative style and technique in crafting fiction. His work is praised by critics and fans alike as complex yet lyrical and always masterfully done. He lives in Black Mountain, North Carolina. James A. Perkins is a professor of English Emeritus at Westminster College. He is the author of The Cass Mastern Material: The Core of Robert Penn Warren’s All the King’s Men. He is coeditor, with Jeffrey J. Folks, of Southern Writers at Century’s End and coauthor, with Randy J. Hendricks, of David Madden: A Writer for All Genres.

Cobbett's Parliamentary History of England

Lord Duncannon declared, that although he had not sat in the last parliament, he
had heard of the speech, to which allusion had been made by the right hon.
gentleman who made the motion, and by the two last speakers. That speech had
met ...

Author :

Release : 1814

Publisher :


File Size : 61.96 MB

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Teach Yourself English Pronunciation: An Interactive Course for Spanish Speakers

Description in tip 49, we saw that the main strategy used by English speakers to
focus or highlight a word within a ... For example, if the speaker wants to convey a
nuance of liveliness and interest, then the final intonation will be HL. if the ...

Author : Eva Estebas Vilaplana

Release : 2009-11-01

Publisher : Netbiblo

ISBN : 8497453492

File Size : 33.93 MB

Format : PDF, Kindle

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¿Has estado estudiando inglés durante mucho tiempo pero te da la impresión de que todavía no entiendes con claridad a la gente inglesa? O, lo que es peor, ¿no consigues hacer que te entiendan? Se trata de un problema muy común entre los hispanohablantes que han invertido muchos años de su vida en clases de inglés, logrando alcanzar un excelente nivel de vocabulario y gramática, y todavía con grandes dificultades a la hora de comunicarse oralmente. La mayoría de esos problemas podrían resolverse si los hispanohablantes hubiesen prestado más atención al aspecto de la pronunciación, teniendo en cuenta que es el área en la que más difieren el inglés y el español. Este libro está pensado para ayudar a resolver esos problemas de comunicación en inglés, presentando las cuestiones más relevantes de la pronunciación inglesa y comparándolas con aquellas de la pronunciación española. No sólo abarca las vocales y las consonantes, si no también otros aspectos como el ritmo, la entonación, o la colocación del acento. El libro viene acompañado de un CD-ROM con material de audio y ejercicios interactivos.

Secret Languages of Afghanistan and Their Speakers

Among the secret scripts which have died out recently, probably the most popular
and interesting is the case of the women-only Nushu language of southern China
, the last speaker of which died in 2004 (NSH). Fortunately, she managed to ...

Author : Jadwiga Pstrusińska

Release : 2014-07-18

Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN : 1443864412

File Size : 84.8 MB

Format : PDF

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This is a study of an almost inaccessible area of the intricate linguistic fabric of Afghanistan – namely, its secret codes of communication. The text draws on a profound knowledge of Afghanistan and neighbouring regions, as well as the cultural and sociolinguistic processes at work across Eurasia. The author situates these sociolinguistic matters within the appropriate diachronic and comparative background, and traces the numerous threads which connect them to areas both close to and distant from Afghanistan. The book will be of great interest to scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including, but extending beyond, the realms of linguistics, cultural history, and sociology. It will also be of practical value in many areas, notably with regards to military and political issues, as well as humanitarian aid.

Most Common Mistakes by Non-Native Speakers of English

Present perfect followed by simple past Example: I have reproduced this issue on
my end, and it was registered as a bug. You use present perfect to signal that the
action has continued right into the present moment. There can be no verb in ...

Author : Sergiy Zatsarynnyy

Release : 2014-06-12

Publisher : Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency

ISBN : 1628577258

File Size : 36.65 MB

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Want to know the difference between 'cause' and 'reason'? Not sure when to write 'according' and when 'accordingly'? Confused about the correct usage of the gerund? This book is a compilation of the "Polishing Up English" newsletters I have been sending for over six years to employees whose native language is not English. In these newsletters, I cover common language issues for business people. Based on personal experience, I came to understand that most of the mistakes non-native speakers of English make are shared, and are encountered across the board, rather than being unique and strictly personal. Some mistakes appear more often than others. Examples of most frequent mistakes are analyzed and included. These mistakes also occur in contexts common to most areas of human interaction, such as small talk, in-office conversation, business correspondence, IT, and similar communication. This book features simpler chapters for beginners, Pronunciation and Punctuation. Followed by chapters for intermediate learners of English, such as Words and Phrases. Advanced users of English can use the Style and Quiz chapters to test their understanding of the language. This makes the book ideal for any non-native speaker of English, who proactively uses English on a daily basis for communicating with various English speakers both in written form and orally. Using this book will give you a unique opportunity to cut the list of possible mistakes you may make to a minimum.

Official Report of Debates

Yesterday afternoon , we heard the first of the speakers . After the last speakers ,
we shall hear the replies of the committees , and we will then proceed to vote on
the draft resolution and amendments contained in Document 5779 . Thirteen ...

Author : Council of Europe

Release : 1988-12-01

Publisher : Council of Europe

ISBN : 9789287115829

File Size : 71.90 MB

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The Speakers

Q The congregation of speakers sat at the table in the back corner of a dank inn
on the outskirts of Kirobos. “This has gone far beyond serious. Our numbers have
almost halved since we last met. We have heard nothing of the stone near ...

Author : Jacob Laetus

Release : 2013-08-09

Publisher :

ISBN : 9781105998331

File Size : 47.91 MB

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The Last Chapter

Congressman Jim Wright had been elected to Congress in 1955 and was
madeSpeaker ofthe House in 1975. Thiswasthe manthat was third inline
tobePresident. It was1988 and the presidential electionfever had takenover

Author : Jake Bussolini

Release : 2014-11-10

Publisher : AuthorHouse

ISBN : 1496951735

File Size : 63.74 MB

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It was July 2, 1962, when Jake Bussolini first walked through the doors of Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation as their newest electrical engineer. As he was escorted to a plain gray desk that resembled the hundreds of other desks that cluttered the third floor, Bussolini never dreamed that over the next thirty-two years, he would not only help design and build the Lunar Module that delivered astronauts to the moon, but also climb the corporate ladder to become an integral part of an assignment that would lead Grumman in a startlingly different direction. As he leads others behind closed doors of both executive offices and the corporate board room during challenging times in the defense industry in the early 1990s, Bussolini discloses never-before-revealed details about how a friendly merger created to survive budget cuts slowly transformed into a hostile acquisition. While describing the tense events before, during, and after the acquisition, Bussolini divulges how activities initiated by an investment banker minutes before a final decision was to be made by the Board of Directors to approve the merger changed the course of the company’s history, and the lives of its loyal employees forever. The Last Chapter shares the fascinating inside story of the 1994 acquisition of Grumman from a former company executive determined to document the final chapter in the history of a great corporation.

Many a True Word

At leastthree languages have disappeared in the past generation.Manx
wasobliterated when its last known speaker, Ned Maddrell,a fisherman, died
in1974; more recently, the Alaskan language,Eyak, vanished with the death of its
last ...

Author : Richard Anthony Baker

Release : 2013-10-10

Publisher : Hachette UK

ISBN : 075536516X

File Size : 60.6 MB

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What are the top one hundred words we use the most? How should anchovy, chastisement and tryst be pronounced? How good are you at spelling the most commonly misspelt words and names? For the answers to these andquestions and much more, sit back and let Richard Anthony Baker take you on a journey through the English language. Marvel at the richness of what we derive from French and German; bristle at the words banned in the Daily Telegraph; laugh at the officialese of corporate writers; bone up on our use of language from William Shakespeare (and the Bible) in our day-to-day talk; absorb Richard's master classes on how to win at Scrabble with devastating ease and how to complete cryptic crosswords with impressive alacrity; and test your linguistic agility by trying to answer the five questions which Google puts to job applicants.