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The Russian Origins of the First World War

In a major reinterpretation, Sean McMeekin rejects the standard notion of the war’s beginning as either a Germano-Austrian pre-emptive strike or a miscalculation.

Author : Sean McMeekin

Release : 2011-12-12

Publisher : Harvard University Press

ISBN : 0674063201

File Size : 89.66 MB

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In a major reinterpretation, Sean McMeekin rejects the standard notion of the war’s beginning as either a Germano-Austrian pre-emptive strike or a miscalculation. The key to the outbreak of violence, he argues, lies in St. Petersburg. Russian statesmen unleashed the war through policy decisions based on imperial ambitions in the Near East.

The Origins of the First World War

For decades, the role of Austria-Hungary in the origins of the war had been
underplayed in general accounts. ... 27 Sean McMeekin, The Russian Origins of
the First World War (Cambridge, MA, 2012); Mustafa Aksakal, The Ottoman Road
to ...

Author : William Mulligan

Release : 2017-04-13

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

ISBN : 1316982793

File Size : 68.96 MB

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A second edition of this leading introduction to the origins of the First World War and the pre-war international system. William Mulligan shows how the war was a far from inevitable outcome of international politics in the early twentieth century and suggests instead that there were powerful forces operating in favour of the maintenance of peace. He discusses key issues ranging from the military, public opinion, economics, diplomacy and geopolitics to relations between the great powers, the role of smaller states and the disintegrating empires. In this new edition, the author assesses the extensive new literature on the war's origins and the July Crisis as well as introducing new themes such as the relationship between economic interdependence and military planning. With well-structured chapters and an extensive bibliography, this is an essential classroom text which significantly revises our understanding of diplomacy, political culture, and economic history from 1870 to 1914.

Contesting the Origins of the First World War

1 Sean McMeekin, The Russian Origins of the First World War (Cambridge, MA:
Belknap Press, 2011), 5. 2 John W. Steinberg, “Review of The Russian Origins of
the First World War,” Slavic Review 72:1 (Spring 2013): 170–171. 3 Lucien J.

Author : Troy R E Paddock

Release : 2019-07-31

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1351390309

File Size : 31.48 MB

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Contesting the Origins of the First World War challenges the Anglophone emphasis on Germany as bearing the primary responsibility in causing the conflict and instead builds upon new perspectives to reconsider the roles of the other Great Powers. Using the work of Terrance Zuber, Sean McMeekin, and Stefan Schmidt as building blocks, this book reassesses the origins of the First World War and offers an explanation as to why this reassessment did not come about earlier. Troy R.E. Paddock argues that historians need to redraw the historiographical map that has charted the origins of the war. His analysis creates a more balanced view of German actions by also noting the actions and inaction of other nations. Recent works about the roles of the five Great Powers involved in the events leading up to the war are considered, and Paddock concludes that Germany does not bear the primary responsibility. This book provides a unique historiographical analysis of key texts published on the origins of the First World War, and its narrative encourages students to engage with and challenge historical perspectives.

The Origins of the First World War

Author : James Joll

Release : 1984

Publisher : London ; New York : Longman

ISBN : 9780582490161

File Size : 73.79 MB

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The Origins of the First World War

This fully revised edition focuses on the major issues and assesses the validity of the different intepretations advanced on the origins of the First World War.

Author : Ruth Henig

Release : 2006-10-19

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1134852002

File Size : 68.92 MB

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This fully revised edition focuses on the major issues and assesses the validity of the different intepretations advanced on the origins of the First World War.

The First World War

David Stevenson, Armaments and the Coming of War (1996); David Hermann,
The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War (1996). Clark,
Sleepwalkers. See Sean McMeekin, The Russian Origins of the First World War (
2011).

Author : A.W. Purdue

Release : 2014-12-05

Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN : 1137331070

File Size : 79.79 MB

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In this timely new study, A. W. Purdue illustrates the strategies of the combatants, the changing nature of warfare, the failures and achievements of military commanders and the impact of new weaponry. At the centre is the interaction of the diplomatic, political and economic dimensions of the war with the unfolding military developments.

Britain and the Origins of the First World War

Taking into account the scholarship of the last 20 years, this new edition rejects recent arguments that Britain went to war out of either weakness, fear of an "invented" German menace, or fears for the Empire.

Author : Zara S. Steiner

Release : 1977

Publisher : London : Macmillan

ISBN :

File Size : 25.57 MB

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Taking into account the scholarship of the last 20 years, this new edition rejects recent arguments that Britain went to war out of either weakness, fear of an "invented" German menace, or fears for the Empire. Instead, while placing greater emphasis than before on the role of Russia, Zara S. Steiner and Keith Neilson maintain the view that Britain was forced into the war in order to preserve the European balance of power and Britain's favorable position within it.

The Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War

David Kennedy, Over Here: The First World War and American Society (New
York, 1980). Ronald Schaffer, America in the ... Sean McMeekin, The Russian
Origins of the First World War (Cambridge, Mass., 2011). Annika Mombauer,
Helmuth ...

Author : Hew Strachan

Release : 2014-04-24

Publisher : OUP Oxford

ISBN : 0191640417

File Size : 42.6 MB

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The First World War, now a century ago, still shapes the world in which we live, and its legacy lives on, in poetry, in prose, in collective memory and political culture. By the time the war ended in 1918, millions lay dead. Three major empires lay shattered by defeat, those of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottomans. A fourth, Russia, was in the throes of a revolution that helped define the rest of the twentieth century. The Oxford History of the First World War brings together in one volume many of the most distinguished historians of the conflict, in an account that matches the scale of the events. From its causes to its consequences, from the Western Front to the Eastern, from the strategy of the politicians to the tactics of the generals, they chart the course of the war and assess its profound political and human consequences. Chapters on economic mobilization, the impact on women, the role of propaganda, and the rise of socialism establish the wider context of the fighting at sea and in the air, and which ranged on land from the trenches of Flanders to the mountains of the Balkans and the deserts of the Middle East. First published for the 90th anniversary of the 1918 Armistice, this highly illustrated revised edition contains significant new material to mark the 100th anniversary of the war's outbreak.

The First World War in the Middle East

... Russian Origins, p.225. Ibid., pp.225-6. Yapp, Making of the Modern Near East,
p.274. Erik Zurcher, 'Little Mehmet in the Desert: The Ottoman Soldier's
Experience', in Hugh Cecil and Peter Liddle (eds.), Facing Armageddon: The
First World ...

Author : Kristian Coates Ulrichsen

Release : 2014-06-15

Publisher : Hurst

ISBN : 1849045046

File Size : 42.63 MB

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The First World War in the Middle East is an accessibly written military and social history of the clash of world empires in the Dardanelles, Egypt and Palestine, Mesopotamia, Persia and the Caucasus. Coates Ulrichsen demonstrates how wartime exigencies shaped the parameters of the modern Middle East, and describes and assesses the major campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and Germany involving British and imperial troops from the French and Russian Empires, as well as their Arab and Armenian allies. Also documented are the enormous logistical demands placed on host societies by the Great Powers' conduct of industrialised warfare in hostile terrain. The resulting deepening of imperial penetration, and the extension of state controls across a heterogeneous sprawl of territories, generated a powerful backlash both during and immediately after the war, which played a pivotal role in shaping national identities as the Ottoman Empire was dismembered. This is a multidimensional account of the many seemingly discrete yet interlinked campaigns that resulted in one to one and a half million casualties. It details not just their military outcome but relates them to intelligence-gathering, industrial organisation, authoritarianism and the political economy of empires at war.

Origins of the First World War

RUSSIA ' S BALKAN POLICY Document 17 Although the memoirs and
autobiographies of the leading participants in the events of 1914 are invariably
self - serving , they are still useful and interesting . Here the Russian Foreign
Minister ...

Author : Gordon Martel

Release : 2008

Publisher : Pearson Education

ISBN : 9781405874311

File Size : 67.33 MB

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A concise, reliable, readable and up-to-date account for students of the origins of the First World War. The study of the First World War is key to all courses in Modern European History. Written to be a clear, concise introduction, without being simplistic.

The Origins of the First World War

Meanwhile , Austria - Hungary and Russia had to be brought together with
Germany in some diplomatic alignment to preserve ... The two great east
European empires had conflicting interests , particularly in the Balkans area
where , as Turkey ...

Author : Ruth Beatrice Henig

Release : 2002

Publisher : Psychology Press

ISBN : 9780415262057

File Size : 68.68 MB

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A concise introduction to one of the major historical controversies, this pamphlet surveys the roots of WWI; assesses the legacy of Bismarck's diplomacy; outlines the assassination crisis; and examines the historical debate.

The Decade of the Great War

of the Great War Introduction The 1910s and the Periodization ofWorld History
How does the decade of the 1910s fit into ... Cambridge University Press, 2003);
Sean McMeekin, The Russian Origins of the First World War (Cambridge, MA:
The ...

Author : Tosh Minohara

Release : 2014-05-15

Publisher : BRILL

ISBN : 9004274278

File Size : 82.8 MB

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The Decade of the Great War critically reviews Japan’s diplomatic, military, and transnational relations, demonstrating the breadth of Japan’s new international relations before and after WWI.

Austria-Hungary and the Origins of the First World War

Based on extensive new archival research, the book traces the gradual militarization of Austro-Hungarian foreign policy during the Balkan Wars.

Author :

Release : 1990-12-12

Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN : 134921163X

File Size : 49.61 MB

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Stalin's War

This is both a gripping account of the greatest crisis of the past century and a harsh, clear-eyed account of the terrible price paid by many millions of people betrayed by the delusions of the Western powers.

Author : Sean McMeekin

Release : 2021-04-29

Publisher : Penguin UK

ISBN : 0241366453

File Size : 73.90 MB

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Despite the Cold War and wave upon wave of revelations about the horrors of Stalin's regime, the Western narrative of World War II continues to be dominated by a perverse sense of gratitude towards the USSR. The sheer horror of the Soviet experience and the staggering levels of both military and civilian deaths seem to demand a 'truce' in the UK and USA's otherwise consistent hostility before and after the war towards everything that Stalin stood for. In this remarkable, ground-breaking new book Sean McMeekin marks a generational shift. Stalin's chief difference from Hitler, he argues, was that he was a successful murderous predator. With Hitler dead and the Third Reich in ruins Stalin created an immense new Communist empire, after initially egging Hitler on. Among his new holdings were Czechoslovakia and Poland, the fate of which had first set the West against the Nazis and, of course, China and North Korea, the ramifications of which we still live with today. Until Barbarossa wrought a public relations miracle turning him into a plucky ally, Stalin had murdered millions, subverted every norm of international behaviour, invaded as many countries as Hitler had, and taken great swathes of territory he would continue to keep. In the larger sense the global conflict grew out of not only German and Japanese aggression but Stalin's manoeuvrings, orchestrated to provoke wars of attrition between the capitalist powers in Europe and in Asia. Throughout the War Stalin chose to do only what would benefit his own regime, not even aiding in the war with Japan until the conflict's last weeks. Above all, Stalin's War uncovers the shocking details of how the US government (to the detriment of itself and its other allies) fuelled Stalin's war machine, blindly agreeing to every Soviet demand, right down to agents supplying details of the atomic bomb. This is both a gripping account of the greatest crisis of the past century and a harsh, clear-eyed account of the terrible price paid by many millions of people betrayed by the delusions of the Western powers.

The First World War and the End of the Habsburg Monarchy, 1914-1918

An exposé of the aspectaccording to which Russia bore a highly substantial
share of the guilt for the unleashing ... the recently published volume by British
historian Sean McMeekin, The Russian Origins of the First World War (London,
2011).

Author : Manfried Rauchensteiner

Release : 2014

Publisher : Böhlau Verlag Wien

ISBN : 3205795881

File Size : 52.17 MB

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The well-respected historian Manfried Rauchensteiner analyses the outbreak of World War I, Emperor Franz Joseph's role in the conflict, and how the various nationalities of the Habsburg Monarchy reacted to the disintegration of this 640-yearold empire in 1918. After Archduke Franz Ferdinand"s assassination in Sarajevo in 1914, war was inevitable. Emperor Franz Joseph intended it, and everyone in Vienna expected it. How the war began and how Austria-Hungary managed to avoid capitulation only weeks later with the help of German troops reads like a thriller. Manfried Rauchensteiner"s book is based on decades of research and is a fascinating read to the very end, even though the final outcome, the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy, is already known. Originally published in German in 2013 by Böhlau, this standard work is now available in English.

The Origins of the First World War

on 24 July that France might go to war : " Very well , sir , we will do it if it is
necessary . ' Messimy's enthusiastic ... 6 Dominic Lieven , Russia and the Origins
of the First World War , St Martin's Press , New York 1983 , pp . 146–147 . 7
Robert C.

Author : Annika Mombauer

Release : 2013-05-28

Publisher : Documents in Modern History

ISBN :

File Size : 54.48 MB

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A unique collection of hundreds of diplomatic and military documents on the origins of WWI: newly-discovered archival sources as well as documents not previously available in English. It includes a comprehensive scholarly introduction covering the most controversial issues in the debate on the origins of WWI on the eve of the centenary.

1914-1918

Authority, Identity, and the Social History of the Great War. McMeekin, S., The
Russian Origins of the First World War (Cambridge, MA, 2011). Maier, C. S.,
Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the
Decade ...

Author : David Stevenson

Release : 2004-09-02

Publisher : Penguin UK

ISBN : 0141904348

File Size : 34.49 MB

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1914-1918, David Stevenson's history of the First World War, has been acclaimed as the definitive one-volume account of the conflict In the summer of 1914 Europe exploded into a frenzy of mass violence. The war that followed had global repercussions, destroying four empires and costing millions of lives. Even the victorious countries were scarred for a generation, and we still today remain within the conflict's shadow. In this major analysis David Stevenson re-examines the causes, course and impact of this 'war to end war', placing it in the context of its era and exposing its underlying dynamics. His book provides a wide-ranging international history, drawing on insights from the latest research. It offers compelling answers to the key questions about how this terrible struggle unfolded: questions that remain disturbingly relevant for our own time. 'It's harder to imagine a better single-volume comprehensive history of the conflict than this superb study' Ian Kershaw 'Perhaps the best comprehensive one-volume history of the war yet written' New Yorker 'David Stevenson is the real deal ... His defining characteristic is his outstanding rigour as an historian ... tremendously clever' Niall Ferguson 'This history of the 1914-1918 conflict surpasses all others. It is tough, erudite and comprehensive' Independent

Ring of Steel

McMeekin, S., The Russian Origins of the First World War (Cambridge, MA, and
London: Belknap Press, 2011). McNeal, R. H., Tsar and Cossack, 1855–1914 (
Basingstoke and London: Macmillan in association with St Antony's College, ...

Author : Alexander Watson

Release : 2014-08-07

Publisher : Penguin UK

ISBN : 0141924195

File Size : 53.51 MB

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Sunday Times History Book of the Year 2014 Winner of the 2014 Wolfson History Prize, the 2014 Guggenheim-Lehrman Prize in Military History, the Society for Military History's 2015 Distinguished Book Award and the 2015 British Army Military Book of the Year For the empires of Germany and Austria-Hungary the Great War - which had begun with such high hopes for a fast, dramatic outcome - rapidly degenerated as invasions of both France and Serbia ended in catastrophe. For four years the fighting now turned into a siege on a quite monstrous scale. Europe became the focus of fighting of a kind previously unimagined. Despite local successes - and an apparent triumph in Russia - Germany and Austria-Hungary were never able to break out of the the Allies' ring of steel. In Alexander Watson's compelling new history of the Great War, all the major events of the war are seen from the perspective of Berlin and Vienna. It is fundamentally a history of ordinary people. In 1914 both empires were flooded by genuine mass enthusiasm and their troubled elites were at one with most of the population. But the course of the war put this under impossible strain, with a fatal rupture between an ever more extreme and unrealistic leadership and an exhausted and embittered people. In the end they failed and were overwhelmed by defeat and revolution.

For Peace and Money

July 1914: Countdown to War. New York: Basic Books, 2013. McMeekin, Sean.
The Russian Origins of the First World War. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 2011.
Metzer, Jacob. Some Economic Aspects of Railroad Development in Tsarist
Russia.

Author : Jennifer Siegel

Release : 2014-11-03

Publisher : Oxford University Press

ISBN : 0199387834

File Size : 87.96 MB

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From the late imperial period until 1922, the British and French made private and government loans to Russia, making it the foremost international debtor country in pre-World War I Europe. To finance the modernization of industry, the construction of public works projects, the building of railroads, and the development of the military-industrial complex, Russia's ministers of finance, municipal leaders, and nascent manufacturing class turned, time and time again, to foreign capital. From the forging of the Franco-Russian alliance onwards, Russia's needs were met, first and foremost, by France and Great Britain, its allies, and diplomatic partners in the developing Triple Entente. Russia's continued access to those ready lenders ensured that the empire of the Tsars would not be tempted away from its alliance and entente partners. This web of financial and political interdependence affected both foreign policy and domestic society in all three countries. The Russian state was so heavily indebted to its western creditors, rendering those western economies almost prisoners to this debt, that the debtor nation in many ways had the upper hand; the Russian government at times was actually able to dictate policy to its French and British counterparts. Those nations' investing classes-which, in France in particular, spanned not only the upper classes but the middle, rentier class, as well-had such a vast proportion of their savings wrapped up in Russian bonds that any default would have been catastrophic for their own economies. That default came not long after the Bolshevik Revolution brought to power a government who felt no responsibility, whatsoever, for the debts accrued by the tsars for the purpose of oppressing Russia's workers and peasants. The ensuing effect on allied morale, the Anglo-French relationship, and, ultimately, on international relations in the twentieth century, was grim and far-reaching. Jennifer Siegel narrates a classic tale of money and power in the modern era-an age of economic interconnectivity and great power interdependency-involving such figures as Lord Revelstoke, chairman of Baring Brothers, the British and French Rothschild cousins, and Sergei Witte, Russia's authoritative finance minister during much of this age of expansion. For Peace and Money highlights the importance of foreign capital in policymaking on the origins and conduct of World War I.