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Transport Prices and Costs in Africa

Transport prices for most African landlocked countries range from 15 to 20 percent of import costs. This is approximately two to three times more than in most developed countries.

Author : Supee Teravaninthorn

Release : 2009

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 0821376551

File Size : 62.79 MB

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Transport prices for most African landlocked countries range from 15 to 20 percent of import costs. This is approximately two to three times more than in most developed countries. It is well known that weak infrastructure can account for low trade performance. Thus, it becomes necessary to understand what types of regional transport services operate in landlocked African nations and it is critical to identify the regulation disparities and provision anomalies that hurt infrastructure efficiency, even when the physical infrastructure, such as a road transport corridor, exists. Transport Prices and Costs in Africa analyzes the various reasons for poor transport performance seen widely throughout Africa and provides a compelling case for a number of national and regional reforms that are vital to the effort to address the underlying causes of high transport prices and costs and service unpredictability seen in Africa. The book will greatly help supervisory authorities throughout the region develop and implement a comprehensive transport policy that will facilitate long-term growth.

Africa's Transport Infrastructure

A recent study (Teravaninthorn and Raballand 2008) showed that, on average,
transport prices in Central Africa are between two and ... Certainly the structure of
trucking costs in Africa differs considerably from that in most regions of the world.

Author : Heinrich Bofinger

Release : 2011-01-01

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 0821386050

File Size : 22.20 MB

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This book will be of interest to governments in the region and to multilateral and bilateral aid and lending agencies, as well as to graduate students, faculty, and researchers in African studies and transport studies. --Book Jacket.

Have Transport Costs Contributed to the Relative Decline of African Exports?

Conversely, the importer bears the cost of transport if the commodities price in the
export market remains the same irrespective of changes in ... When supply is
relatively inelastic (a likely normal situation for many African products in the short
 ...

Author : Azita Amjadi

Release : 1995

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN :

File Size : 36.61 MB

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Accelerating Africa's Food Production in Response to Rising Prices: Impacts and Requisite Actions

Transport costs make up about one-third of fertilizer price in African countries,
2005 Source: Gregory and Bumb (2006). We also note that improved market
integration and increased technology flows, especially trade reform, tend to
spread ...

Author : Xinshen Diao, Shenggen Fan, Derek Headey, Michael Johnson, Alejandro Nin Pratt, and Bingxin Yu

Release :

Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN :

File Size : 50.23 MB

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Business Logistics

'Do transport cost have a differential effect on trade and the sectoral level',
Applied Economics, 40: 3145–3157. McCallum, J. (1995). ... 'Transport Prices
and Costs in Africa: A Review of the International Corridors'. World Bank,
Washington ...

Author : Turkay Yildiz

Release :

Publisher : Lulu.com

ISBN : 1312363029

File Size : 38.6 MB

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Agricultural Pricing Systems and Transportation Policy in Africa

The depots nearer the ultimate destination are always paying a sufficiently higher
price that it pays farmers to send to them even if these depots are further away.
40. Section 3, however, established that full-cost pricing of transport is not ...

Author : Mark Gersovitz

Release : 1991

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN :

File Size : 60.91 MB

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The Cost of Being Landlocked

Transport costs are similar around the world because the lower fixed costs of
developing countries are compensated by higher ... and often vehicles).2
However, transport prices (charges to the shipper) provide an extremely different
picture compared to transport costs. ... Table 2.1 Comparison of Trucking
Operating Costs in Western Europe, Eastern Europe, and Africa Central Africa
East Africa France ...

Author : Jean-Fran ois Arvis

Release : 2010-07-07

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 9780821384091

File Size : 55.23 MB

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'The Cost of Being Landlocked' proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains on international trade corridors. The plight of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) has naturally received special attention for decades, leading to a specific set of development priorities based upon the concept of dependence on the transit state. Therefore, the standard approach used to tackle the cost of being landlocked has been predominantly aimed at developing regional transport infrastructure and ensuring freedom of transit through regional conventions. But without sufficient attention given to the performance of logistics service delivery to traders, the standard approach is unable to address key bottleneck concerns and the factors that contribute to the cost of being landlocked. Consequently, the impact of massive investment on trade corridors could not materialize to its full extent. Based on extensive data collection in several regions of the world, this book argues that although landlocked developing countries do face high logistics costs, these costs are not a result of poor road infrastructure, since transport prices largely depend on trucking market structure and implementation of transit processes. This book suggests that high logistics costs in LLDCs are a result of low logistics reliability and predictability, which stem from rent-seeking and governance issues. 'The Cost of Being Landlocked' will serve as a useful guide for policy makers, supervisory authorities, and development agencies.

Strategies for Cotton in West and Central Africa

Direct transport costs account for approximately 15 percent of FOB price.11
Indirect costs and risks are potentially more costly and damaging for the cotton
chain. Any risk will be charged at the maximum cost it could possibly result in.
Inefficient ...

Author : Ilhem Baghdadli

Release : 2007-01-01

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 0821371320

File Size : 26.26 MB

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Based on comprehensive empirical studies, the paper identifies key reforms and defines strategies to enhance the competitiveness of cotton sectors in West and Central Africa. The report uses industrial organization principles to compare privatization options and design reforms to best implement sector reforms scheme

Industries Without Smokestacks

Industrialization in Africa Reconsidered Richard S. Newfarmer, Richard
Newfarmer, John Page, Finn Tarp ... Reducing Living Costs In African cities, food,
housing and transport prices are higher (by around 35 per cent, 55 per cent, and
42 per ...

Author : Richard Newfarmer

Release : 2018-11-07

Publisher : Oxford University Press

ISBN : 0198821883

File Size : 76.24 MB

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By 2030 more than three quarters of the world's absolute poor are projected to live in Africa. Accelerating economic growth is key to rising incomes on the continent, and central to this challenge is establishing activities that are capable of employing large numbers of unskilled workers, that can raise productivity through innovation, and that can power growth through exports. Such structural transformation is a key driver of growth, and between 1950-1996 about half of the economic catch-up by developing countries (led by East Asia) was due to rising productivity in manufacturing combined with growing agricultural output. Africa, however, has lagged behind. In 2014, the average share of manufacturing in GDP in sub-Saharan Africa hovered around 10 per cent, unchanged from the 1970s, leading some observers to be pessimistic about Africa's potential to catch the wave of sustained rapid growth and rising incomes. Industries Without Smokestacks: Industrialization in Africa Reconsidered challenges this view. It argues that other activities sharing the characteristics of manufacturing- including tourism, ICT, and other services as well as food processing and horticulture- are beginning to play a role analogous to that played by manufacturing in East Asia. This reflects not only changes in the global organization of industries since the early era of rapid East Asian growth, but also advantages unique to Africa. These 'industries without smokestacks' offer new opportunities for Africa to grow in coming decades.

Rural Road Investment Efficiency

This report is the second in a series of studies on transport and aid effectiveness
in Sub-Saharan Africa. It follows a study on transport costs and prices along the
main international trade corridors (Teravaninthorn and Raballand 2008). One of ...

Author : Gael Raballand

Release : 2010-03-23

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 0821382152

File Size : 25.41 MB

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The development aid community has placed a great deal of emphasis on the need for rural mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Thus far, most development partners and governments in SSA have relied on two overarching assumptions when dispensing transport aid that most households in rural areas in Africa are not connected to markets and therefore need a road passable for a truck, and that roads with high levels of service are crucial in order to achieve high economic impact. Based on data collection from various sources in three SSA countries, 'Rural Road Investment Efficiency' demonstrates that from a cost-benefit perspective, the additional cost of extending an all-weather road two more kilometers to the farmer s door outweigh the benefits in most cases. 'Rural Road Investment Efficiency' seeks to enhance the effectiveness of aid allocated for rural transport in SSA and calls into question the need for full implementation of all benchmarks set forth in the Rural Access Index (RAI) in SSA. This book will be an essential reference for government supervisory authorities and infrastructure experts throughout the region.

Girls and Schools in Sub-Saharan Africa

Box 7.3 Strengthening Revenue Mobilization by Improving Taxation of Transport
Fuels Fuel prices in Sub - Saharan Africa ... Since gross consumption tax rates in
Africa are about 15 percent , gross petroleum tax rates might be expected to be ...

Author : Adhiambo Odaga

Release : 1995-01-01

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 9780821333730

File Size : 26.96 MB

Format : PDF

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World Bank Technical Paper No. 298. Summarizes the factors that constrain girls¿ schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa and outlines practical ways of designing programs that will accelerate female participation in education in the region. Also available in French: (ISBN 0-8213-3507-3) Stock No. 13507.

Biosafety at the Crossroads: An Analysis of South Africa's Marketing and Trade Policies for Genetically Modified Products

S1 represents the actual supply of maize in the coastal area. Because
transportation and other infrastructure are expensive, they add up to the marginal
cost of production of maize, resulting in an upward shift of the supply curve from
S0 to S1.

Author : Debdatta Sengupta

Release : 2008

Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN :

File Size : 53.72 MB

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Did External Barriers Cause the Marginalization of Sub-Saharan Africa in World Trade?

Considerable variation is evident as the transport ERPs range from about 7
percent for electrical machinery to over 90 ... However, if they are significantly
different for some African products the results would be affected. tariff or transport
cost ...

Author : Azita Amjadi

Release : 1996-01-01

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 9780821338261

File Size : 64.66 MB

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Urban Management Programme Paper No. 20. Reviews the specific actions that municipalities and city governments may take in contributing to urban poverty reduction. The paper highlights example of issues, options, and constraints that urban governments must address in fighting poverty. It focuses on municipalities and other city-level government entities as a critical institutional level of intervention. Other language editions available: French--Stock No. 13814 (ISBN 0-8213-3814-5); English--Stock No. 13716 (ISBN 0-8213-3716-5).

Quantitative Analysis of Road Transport Agreements - QuARTA

Therefore, the cost and quality of road transport services is of critical importance
to trade competitiveness of countries and ... Research in Africa and South Asia
suggests that regional trade and transport corridors with limited competition in
road ...

Author : Charles Kunaka

Release : 2013-02-05

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 0821398520

File Size : 75.91 MB

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In most regions of the world, road transport is the predominant channel of international trade traffic. Yet the agreements used by states to regulate international road transport services often lack transparency. This study sheds light on such agreements and identifies potential focus areas for reform.

Renewing Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

22 Disadvantaged economies Africa's landlocked countries Ian Livingstone 22.1
Introduction In appraising the ... The transport cost handicap , raising the price of
imported goods and lowering the price received domestically for exports , and ...

Author : Ian Livingstone

Release : 2002

Publisher : Psychology Press

ISBN : 9780415252188

File Size : 62.44 MB

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After two decades of economic reform programmes, the majority of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa still face the challenge of renewing the development progress that they were achieving in the 1960s and early 1970s. Promising beginnings in the post-independence countries ended in economic collapse in the 1980s. This led to stabilization and structural adjustment reforms, but these have had disappointing results in most of the countries that applied them. In addition, local scale inter-country conflicts and internal strife within the region and post-war complications have generated new problems. This volume reviews the ensuing debates and brings together specialist contributions, to provide a clear guide to the major complexities of African development. A foundation is laid for designing a range of individual country-specific policy-sets, in which the strategic components are prioritized according to each country's constraints and opportunities.

Government and Rural Development in East Africa

The frequent East African practice of promulgating equal prices for particular
crops at all buying stations, regardless of the area of the country in which they are
located and in defiance of transport cost considerations, can have substantial ...

Author : L. Cliffe

Release : 2012-12-06

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9401010307

File Size : 46.47 MB

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The gestation period of this collection has been lengthy even by academic stan dards. Some of our long-suffering contributors prepared their original drafts for a workshop held in Nairobi in 1967, and although they have all up-dated their contributions they are still essentially reporting on research conducted in the late 1960s. However, we feel that their various findings and analyses of the issues they respectively treat have a continuing validity in our comprehension of the problem of rural development. Other contributions reporting on more recent work have been incorporated at different times since, most of them not commissioned especially for this symposium but all adding something to our understanding of the problem. The slow accumulation of material which makes up this fmal collection parallels an evolution in our own collective thinking, if indeed not that of most students of 'development' over the past decade. The progression has not been towards fmal clarification of the complex and changing East African realities, nor towards formulation of an accepted model for their analysis; rather, it has been marked by the questioning of the initial, somewhat simplistic assumptions with which some of us started out and a continuing debate and widening polar ization of views about the significance of that process of government 'pene tration' of the rural areas which is our focus, about the positive or negative value of 'development' policies in East Africa and, indeed, about the appropri ate theoretical approaches to the study of 'development' in general.

Mining in Africa Today

During the 1970s , after the oil price rise , business circles in the West often
talked about the necessity to relocate the mineral - based industries in the mining
... Transport costs are an important component of the price of imported ores .

Author : F. Yachir

Release : 1988

Publisher : United Nations University Press

ISBN : 9780862327392

File Size : 85.88 MB

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The Vampire State in Africa

In most cases where produce has to be left at an unfavoured village the farmer is
forced to accept an arbitrary lower price from the trader in view of the higher
transportation cost the latter has to bear . In the many cases where a farmer can
only ...

Author : J. H. Frimpong-Ansah

Release : 1992

Publisher : Africa World Press

ISBN : 9780865432796

File Size : 48.5 MB

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Why Africa?

It is one ofthe numerous negative impressions about the African continent, and a
price people will continue to pay until they ... Poor infrastructure affects the costs
of transportation of goods in Africa and ranks it the highest in the world, thereby ...

Author : Bona Udeze

Release : 2009-08-11

Publisher : Xlibris Corporation

ISBN : 1469102188

File Size : 35.63 MB

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Why Africa? an abstract first painted in 1993 and reproduced in collage in 2004, is variously described by his admirers as an emotional revelation. The work depicts the African question problems and prospects including political instability, corruption, and poverty in the midst of rich natural and human resources. Thus, Why Africa? inspired him to write a book on the subject, applying his creativity with a unique perspective on the African case. Bona has written one book (unpublished) titled: The Ancient and Modern (1992) a story on Urualla, his ancestral origin in Nigeria.