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Urban Infrastructure in Transition

Focusing on cities in the United Kingdom, Germany and Denmark, this book examines the mounting pressures for changes in the management style of utility services in Europe, pressures that stem from a wide range of sources such as ...

Author : Timothy Moss

Release : 2016-05-13

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1134941668

File Size : 29.44 MB

Format : PDF, Mobi

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Achieving sustainable energy and resource use is vital if cities are to thrive or even function in the long term. Focusing on cities in the United Kingdom, Germany and Denmark, this book examines the mounting pressures for changes in the management style of utility services in Europe, pressures that stem from a wide range of sources such as liberalization and privatization of markets, tighter environmental standards, new economic incentives, competing technologies and changing consumption patterns. The authors show how changes in the management of utility services can contribute to achieving greater sustainability in urban regions. Whilst more efficient technology has a part to play, truly significant improvements in quality of life will be delivered only when the flow of material and energy through cities is focused on the goal of sustainability in each local context.

Transitions

With contributions from 92 researchers – all leaders in their respective fields – this book offers the expertise to chart pathways for a sustainability transition.

Author : Peter W. Newton

Release : 2008-09-09

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN : 9781402088124

File Size : 82.61 MB

Format : PDF, Docs

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Formidable challenges confront Australia and its human settlements: the mega-metro regions, major and provincial cities, coastal, rural and remote towns. The key drivers of change and major urban vulnerabilities have been identified and principal among them are resource-constraints, such as oil, water, food, skilled labour and materials, and carbon-constraints, linked to climate change and a need to transition to renewable energy, both of which will strongly shape urban development this century. Transitions identifies 21st century challenges to the resilience of Australia’s cities and regions that flow from a range of global and local influences, and offers a portfolio of solutions to these critical problems and vulnerabilities. The solutions will require fundamental transitions in many instances: to our urban infrastructures, to our institutions and how they plan for the future, and perhaps most of all to ourselves in terms of our lifestyles and consumption patterns. With contributions from 92 researchers – all leaders in their respective fields – this book offers the expertise to chart pathways for a sustainability transition.

Cities and Low Carbon Transitions

This collection adds to existing literature on cities and energy transitions and introduces critical questions about power and social interests, lock-in and development trajectories, social equity and economic development, and socio ...

Author : Harriet Bulkeley

Release : 2010-12-14

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1136883266

File Size : 49.43 MB

Format : PDF, ePub

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Current societies face unprecedented risks and challenges connected to climate change. Addressing them will require fundamental transformations in the infrastructures that sustain everyday life, such as energy, water, waste and mobility. A transition to a ‘low carbon’ future implies a large scale reorganisation in the way societies produce and use energy. Cities are critical in this transition because they concentrate social and economic activities that produce climate change related emissions. At the same time, cities are increasingly recognised as sources of opportunities for climate change mitigation. Whether, how and why low carbon transitions in urban systems take place in response to climate change will therefore be decisive for the success of global mitigation efforts. As a result, climate change increasingly features as a critical issue in the management of urban infrastructure and in urbanisation policies. Cities and Low Carbon Transitions presents a ground-breaking analysis of the role of cities in low carbon socio-technical transitions. Insights from the fields of urban studies and technological transitions are combined to examine how, why and with what implications cities bring about low carbon transitions. The book outlines the key concepts underpinning theories of socio-technical transition and assesses its potential strengths and limits for understanding the social and technological responses to climate change that are emerging in cities. It draws on a diverse range of examples including world cities, ordinary cities and transition towns, from North America, Europe, South Africa and China, to provide evidence that expectations, aspirations and plans to undertake purposive socio-technical transitions are emerging in different urban contexts. This collection adds to existing literature on cities and energy transitions and introduces critical questions about power and social interests, lock-in and development trajectories, social equity and economic development, and socio-technical change in cities. The book addresses academics, policy makers, practitioners and researchers interested in the development of systemic responses in cities to curb climate change.

Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability

Although new zero carbon buildings are an important part of the story, in existing cities the transformation of the current building stock and urban infrastructure must inevitably form the main focus for transitioning to a low carbon and ...

Author : Tim Dixon

Release : 2014-01-21

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1317911938

File Size : 52.68 MB

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With a foreword from Paul King, Chief Executive, UK Green Building Council and Chairman, Zero Carbon Hub As concerns over climate change and resource constraints grow, many cities across the world are trying to achieve a low carbon transition. Although new zero carbon buildings are an important part of the story, in existing cities the transformation of the current building stock and urban infrastructure must inevitably form the main focus for transitioning to a low carbon and sustainable future by 2050. Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability brings together interdisciplinary research contributions from leading international experts to focus on key issues such as systems innovation, financing tools, governance, energy, and water management. The chapters consider not only the knowledge and technical tools available, but looks forward to how they can be implemented in real cities by 2050.

Cities in Transition

The book discusses how local governments in partnership with other public agencies, the private sector, and the residents can ensure the delivery and financing of essential services and promote the welfare and productivity of the urban ...

Author : World Bank. Infrastructure Group. Urban Development

Release : 2000

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN :

File Size : 38.20 MB

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Annotation At the threshold of the 21st century cities and towns form the front line in the development campaign. Within a generation the majority of the developing world's population will live in urban areas and the number of urban residents in developing countries will increase by 2.5 billion--the current urban population of the entire world. Within a generation, the developing world will be predominantly urban. The scale of this urbanization is unprecedented and offers significant opportunities for countries to improve the quality of life for their citizens. The growth of cities and towns creates opportunity for all citizens and the urban built environment can enrich an entire nation's cultural identity. Cities in Transition discusses some key issues, such as the need for a new urban strategy for the World Bank, pursuing a vision of sustainable cities, a renewed World Bank strategy for urban and local assistance, and requirements for implementing the new strategy. The book discusses how local governments in partnership with other public agencies, the private sector, and the residents can ensure the delivery and financing of essential services and promote the welfare and productivity of the urban society. An important resource for urban planners, policymakers, and those working within the international development community.

Shaping Urban Infrastructures

This book presents the first authoritative collection of research and analysis of the intermediaries that underpin the transitions that are taking place within urban infrastructures, showing how intermediaries emerge, the role that they ...

Author : Simon Guy

Release : 2012-06-25

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1136539492

File Size : 41.93 MB

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Cities can only exist because of the highly developed systems which underlie them, ensuring that energy, clean water, etc. are moved efficiently from producer to user, and that waste is removed. The urgent need to make the way that these services are provided more environmentally, socially and economically sustainable means that these systems are in a state of transition; from centralized to decentralized energy; from passive to smart infrastructure; from toll-free to road pricing. Such transitions are widely studied in the context of the influence of service providers, users, and regulators. Until now, however, relatively little attention has been given to the growing role of intermediaries in these systems. These consist of institutions and organizations acting in-between production and consumption, for example; NGOs who develop green energy labelling schemes in collaboration with producers and regulators to guide the user; consultants who advise businesses on how to save resources; and travel agents who match users with providers. Such intermediaries are in a position to shape the direction that technological transitions take, and ultimately the sustainability of urban networks. This book presents the first authoritative collection of research and analysis of the intermediaries that underpin the transitions that are taking place within urban infrastructures, showing how intermediaries emerge, the role that they play in key sectors - including energy, water, waste and building - and what impact they have on the governance of urban socio-technical networks.

Beyond the Networked City

In order to begin exploring the highly diverse, fluid and unstable landscapes emerging beyond the networked city, this book identifies dynamics through which a ‘break’ with previous configurations has been operated, and new brittle ...

Author : Olivier Coutard

Release : 2015-12-14

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1317633709

File Size : 71.70 MB

Format : PDF

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Cities around the world are undergoing profound changes. In this global era, we live in a world of rising knowledge economies, digital technologies, and awareness of environmental issues. The so-called "modern infrastructural ideal" of spatially and socially ubiquitous centrally-governed infrastructures providing exclusive, homogeneous services over extensive areas, has been the standard of reference for the provision of basic essential services, such as water and energy supply. This book argues that, after decades of undisputed domination, this ideal is being increasingly questioned and that the network ideology that supports it may be waning. In order to begin exploring the highly diverse, fluid and unstable landscapes emerging beyond the networked city, this book identifies dynamics through which a ‘break’ with previous configurations has been operated, and new brittle zones of socio-technical controversy through which urban infrastructure (and its wider meaning) are being negotiated and fought over. It uncovers, across a diverse set of urban contexts, new ways in which processes of urbanization and infrastructure production are being combined with crucial sociopolitical implications: through shifting political economies of infrastructure which rework resource distribution and value creation; through new infrastructural spaces and territorialities which rebundle socio-technical systems for particular interests and claims; and through changing offsets between individual and collective appropriation, experience and mobilization of infrastructure. With contributions from leading authorities in the field and drawing on theoretical advances and original empirical material, this book is a major contribution to an ongoing infrastructural turn in urban studies, and will be of interest to all those concerned by the diverse forms and contested outcomes of contemporary urban change across North and South.

Participation and Partnership in Urban Infrastructure Management

This paper describes and illustrates a range of participatory strategies to assist urban managers in expanding the role and effectiveness of user participation in the provision and operation and maintenance of infrastructure.

Author : Peter Schübeler

Release : 1996-01-01

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 9780821336502

File Size : 88.9 MB

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This paper describes and illustrates a range of participatory strategies to assist urban managers in expanding the role and effectiveness of user participation in the provision and operation and maintenance of infrastructure. To demonstrate how participation has been effectively employed in various circumstances, numerous case studies are cited. Finally, measures and steps are outlined that could be instrumental in realizing participatory strategies. (Adapté du résumé de l'auteur).

Handbook on Sustainability Transition and Sustainable Peace

This new study will build on the first IRP Report on cities entitled City-Level
Decoupling: Urban Resource Flows and the Governance of Infrastructure
Transitions (referred to as the City Decoupling Report) (Swilling/Robinson/Marvin
et al. 2013) ...

Author : Hans Günter Brauch

Release : 2016-08-10

Publisher : Springer

ISBN : 3319438840

File Size : 78.79 MB

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In this book 60 authors from many disciplines and from 18 countries on five continents examine in ten parts: Moving towards Sustainability Transition; Aiming at Sustainable Peace; Meeting Challenges of the 21st Century: Demographic Imbalances, Temperature Rise and the Climate–Conflict Nexus; Initiating Research on Global Environmental Change, Limits to Growth, Decoupling of Growth and Resource Needs; Developing Theoretical Approaches on Sustainability and Transitions; Analysing National Debates on Sustainability in North America; Preparing Transitions towards a Sustainable Economy and Society, Production and Consumption and Urbanization; Examining Sustainability Transitions in the Water, Food and Health Sectors from Latin American and European Perspectives; Preparing Sustainability Transitions in the Energy Sector; and Relying on Transnational, International, Regional and National Governance for Strategies and Policies Towards Sustainability Transition. This book is based on workshops held in Mexico (2012) and in the US (2013), on a winter school at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand (2013), and on commissioned chapters. The workshop in Mexico and the publication were supported by two grants by the German Foundation for Peace Research (DSF). All texts in this book were peer-reviewed by scholars from all parts of the world.

Post-Socialist Urban Infrastructures

bring to infrastructural thinking. They resonate with discussions of transitions in
CEE and the FSU, and more generally. In the case of post-socialist transition
debates, early commentators were concerned with social, cultural and political ...

Author : Tauri Tuvikene

Release : 2019-06-03

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1351190334

File Size : 86.19 MB

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Post-Socialist Urban Infrastructures critically elaborates on often forgotten, but some of the most essential, aspects of contemporary urban life, namely infrastructures, and links them to a discussion of post-socialist transformation. As the skeletons of cities, infrastructures capture the ways in which urban environments are assembled and urban lives unfold. Focusing on post-socialist cities, marked by neoliberalisation, polarisation and hybridity, this book offers new and enriching perspectives on urban infrastructures by centering on the often marginalised aspects of urban research—transport, green spaces, and water and heating provision. Featuring cases from West and East alike, the book covers examples from Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia, Germany, Russia, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Tajikistan, and India. It provides original insights into the infrastructural back end of post-socialist cities for scholars, planners and activists interested in urban geography, cultural and social anthropology, and urban studies.

After Sustainable Cities?

Needless to say, however, there are (mainly developing country) cities where net
- worked infrastructures only service a minority ... fill the gaps in ways that could
over time build new kinds of governance capacities for infrastructure transitions.

Author : Mike Hodson

Release : 2014-04-24

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1135114188

File Size : 66.69 MB

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A sustainable city has been defined in many ways. Yet, the most common understanding is a vision of the city that is able to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Central to this vision are two ideas: cities should meet social needs, especially of the poor, and not exceed the ability of the global environment to meet needs. After Sustainable Cities critically reviews what has happened to these priorities and asks whether these social commitments have been abandoned in a period of austerity governance and climate change and replaced by a darker and unfair city. This book provides the first comprehensive and comparative analysis of the new eco-logics reshaping conventional sustainable cities discourse and environmental priorities of cities in both the global north and south. The dominant discourse on sustainable cities, with a commitment to intergenerational equity, social justice and global responsibility, has come under increasing pressure. Under conditions of global ecological change, international financial and economic crisis and austerity governance new eco-logics are entering the urban sustainability lexicon – climate change, green growth, smart growth, resilience and vulnerability, ecological security. This book explores how these new eco-logics reshape our understanding of equity, justice and global responsibility, and how these more technologically and economically driven themes resonate and dissonate with conventional sustainable cities discourse. This book provides a warning that a more technologically driven and narrowly constructed economic agenda is driving ecological policy and weakening previous commitment to social justice and equity. After Sustainable Cities brings together leading researchers to provide a critical examination of these new logics and identity what sort of city is now emerging, as well as consider the longer-term implication on sustainable cities research and policy.

Urban Growth and Spatial Transition in Nepal

Urban. Growth,. Planning,. and. Infrastructure. Lack of efi'ective planning and
inadequate infrastructure are major constraints for sustainable urban growth and
city competitiveness. The challenges of urban planning are particularly complex
in ...

Author : Elisa Muzzini

Release : 2013-04-02

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 0821396617

File Size : 87.21 MB

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This book carries out an initial assessment of Nepal s urban growth and spatial transformation, with a focus on spatial demographic and economic trends, economic growth drivers and infrastructure requirements of Nepal s urban regions.

Resilient Sustainable Cities

CHAPTER9. City. transitions. Infrastructure. innovation,. green. economy. and.
the. ecocity. Peter W. Newton ... and city resilience in the twentyfirst century:
transition to agreen economy,to sustainableurban infrastructures and toecocities.

Author : Leonie Pearson

Release : 2014-01-10

Publisher : Routledge

ISBN : 1135071454

File Size : 72.94 MB

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Urbanization is occurring at an unprecedented rate; by 2050 three quarters of the world’s people will live in urban environments. The cars we drive, products we consume, houses we live in and technology we use will all determine how sustainable our cities will be. Bridging the increasing divide between cross-disciplinary academic insights and the latest practical innovations, Resilient Sustainable Cities provides an integrated approach for long term future planning within the context of the city as a whole system. In the next 30 years cities will face their biggest challenges yet, as a result of long term, or ‘slow burn’ issues: population growth will stretch to the breaking point urban infrastructure and service capacity; resource scarcity, such as peak oil; potable water and food security, will dramatically change what we consume and how; environmental pressures will change how we live and where and; shifting demographic preferences will exacerbate urban pressures. Cities can’t keep doing what they’ve always done and cope – we need to change current urban development to achieve resilient, sustainable cities. Resilient Sustainable Cities provides practical and conceptual insights for practitioners, researchers and students on how to deliver cities which are resilient to ‘slow burn’ issues and achieve sustainability. The book is organized around three overarching themes: pathways to the future innovation to deliver the future leadership and governance issues The book includes a variety of perspectives conveyed through international case studies and examples of cities that have transformed for a sustainable future, exploring their successes and failures to ensure that readers are left with ideas on how to turn their city into a resilient sustainable city for the future.

China's Urban Transition

A timely and thorough analysis of the rapid urban growth in China.

Author : John Friedmann

Release : 2005

Publisher : U of Minnesota Press

ISBN : 0816646155

File Size : 80.43 MB

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A timely and thorough analysis of the rapid urban growth in China.

The Vietnamese City in Transition

8 Relations between International Consultants and the Local Engineering Force
in Urban Infrastructures Eric Baye ... out on consultancy firms and consultants
working in the field of infrastructure and urban technical services in Asia, with the
 ...

Author : Patrick Gubry

Release : 2010

Publisher : Institute of Southeast Asian

ISBN : 9812308253

File Size : 55.77 MB

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Since the Doi Moi policy of economic renovation was introduced in 1986, Vietnam has undergone deep transformations as a result of the transition to a socialist-oriented market economy. Social and urban transition has taken place in parallel, as urban dynamics were spurred on by Vietnamese public and private stakeholders, and by external agents such as international organizations and international solidarity organizations, experts, consultants and bilateral aid organizations. Here are the resu...

Urban Energy Transition

The cross-disciplinary handbook covers a range of diverse yet relevant topics, including: carbon emissions policy and practice; the role of embodied energy; urban thermal performance planning; building efficiency services; energy poverty ...

Author : Peter Droege

Release : 2011-09-06

Publisher : Elsevier

ISBN : 9780080560465

File Size : 65.72 MB

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This compendium of 29 chapters from 18 countries contains both fundamental and advanced insight into the inevitable shift from cities dominated by the fossil-fuel systems of the industrial age to a renewable-energy based urban development framework. The cross-disciplinary handbook covers a range of diverse yet relevant topics, including: carbon emissions policy and practice; the role of embodied energy; urban thermal performance planning; building efficiency services; energy poverty alleviation efforts; renewable community support networks; aspects of household level bio-fuel markets; urban renewable energy legislation, programs and incentives; innovations in individual transport systems; global urban mobility trends; implications of intelligent energy networks and distributed energy supply and storage; and the case for new regional monetary systems and lifestyles. Presented are practical and principled aspects of technology, economics, design, culture and society, presenting perspectives that are both local and international in scope and relevance.

Urban Infrastructure Finance

This involves public information campaigns over the conservation of limited
resources and the need to pay for urban services ... This implies the transition
from the public provision of urban infrastructure and services to that by the private
sector ...

Author : Royston A. C. Brockman

Release : 1996

Publisher :

ISBN :

File Size : 88.30 MB

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Economic Management and Transition Towards a Market Economy

The multiple-nuclei theory holds that there is more than one focal point of
economic activity in any urban area and that ... in planning of urban infrastructure
has been reinforced or vowed to be reinforced in most developed market
economies.

Author : Anthony T.H. Chin

Release : 1996

Publisher : World Scientific

ISBN : 9789810228903

File Size : 30.27 MB

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Much attention has been focused in recent years on the transformation of the economies of Eastern and Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. However, a growing demand for policy advice, technical assistance and expertise is also coming from Asian reforming countries such as China, Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. In addition, business communities abroad are increasingly interested in exploring investment and marketing opportunities in these reforming countries. Such developments are too important to overlook or ignore.The transformation of socialist economies towards market-based systems entails an unusually wide range of problems. Studies of related topics are complicated by the speed of the changes and the lack of clear historical precedents. Although the structural features of Asian reforming economies are in important ways different from those of the Eastern European economies, all socialist economies share similar fundamental conditions on the eve of economic reform which raise a similar set of reform issues.This volume brings together a rich collection of expertise and information in an attempt to shed some light on the transitional process in Asia. The contributions are by no means exhaustive. However, they provide the reader and analyst with an excellent starting point to the problems and prospects which are specific to Asian transforming economies.

Household Welfare and Vietnam's Transition

While the cross-sectional estimates must be treated with caution, they indicate
that the returns to infrastructure and capital ... If people move into the cities too
quickly, it will be more difficult to develop an urban infrastructure base in a
manner ...

Author : David Dollar

Release : 1998-01-01

Publisher : World Bank Publications

ISBN : 9780821341629

File Size : 53.88 MB

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Vietnam's rapid growth has transformed the country, reducing poverty from about 75 percent of the population to about 50 percent. At the same time, its transition from a planned to a market economy has created new challenges for public policy in a wide range of areas. This volume explores issues such as which macroeconomic and structural reforms led to growth, what effect reform has had on the household economy, and how the transition has affected education, health, fertility, and child nutrition. It provides an analysis of economic and social policies and shows how micro-level data can be used to analyze the likely effect of different government expenditures and activities. It also focuses on the effect different policies have on the poor and challenges stereotypes about poverty-focused expenditures.

The Transition of China's Urban Development

There was a consensus that Chinese cities were backward in their physical
infrastructure; therefore the urban economy was impeded from proper functioning
by poor urban facilities. It was imperative to direct more investment into urban
land ...

Author : Jieming Zhu

Release : 1999

Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN : 9780275964276

File Size : 49.33 MB

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From 1949 to today, China has experienced dramatic changes in its economy and urban development. This book examines these changes and looks closely at one city, Shenzhen, in detail. The performance and behavior of a fledgling property market in the transitional economy are analyzed in the backdrop of real estate commodification and marketization. Incremental urban land reforms are elaborated within a broad framework of institutional change. Students and researchers in urban geography, urban planning, economics, business, and real estate will find this monograph lucid and original.